I need a power point on Artillery Skill Proficiency Test (ASPT) from tables1 through 5. It could be found on the 6-40, 6-50 manual FM 3-09.8 or on the TM 9-1015-260-10 M119A3 Operators Manual. It’s probably going to be about 25 slides or more. Let me know

profilepeufu604
tc_3-09.8_fa_gunnery_november_2013.pdf

TC 3-09.8

Field Artillery Gunnery

November 2013

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution is authorized to US Government agencies only to protect technical or operational information. This determination was made on 28 August 2012. Other request for this document will be referred to Commandant, US Army Artillery School, ATTN: ATSF-DT, Fort Sill, OK 73503-5600.

DESTRUCTION NOTICE: Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of this document.

Headquarters, Department of the Army

This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html).

To receive publishing updates, please subscribe at http://www.apd.army.mil/AdminPubs/new_subscribe.asp.

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution is authorized to US Government agencies only to protect technical or operational information. This determination was made on 28 August 2012. Other request for this document will be referred to Commandant, US Army Artillery School, ATTN: ATSF-DT, Fort Sill, OK 73503-5600.

DESTRUCTION NOTICE: Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of this document.

15 November 2013 TC 3-09.8 i

TC 3-09.8 Training Circular No. 3-09.8

Headquarters

Department of the Army Washington, DC, 15 November 2013

Field Artillery Gunnery

Contents Page

PREFACE ...................................................................................................................... x Chapter 1 Introduction ............................................................................................................... 1-1

Qualification Methodology ........................................................................................... 1-1 Scope .......................................................................................................................... 1-2

General Content .......................................................................................................... 1-2 Standardization ........................................................................................................... 1-2 Single Sources ............................................................................................................ 1-3 Task-Based Training Strategy .................................................................................... 1-3 Battle Focus ................................................................................................................ 1-3 Mission essential Task List ........................................................................................ 1-3 Commander’s Assessment ......................................................................................... 1-3 Section I – Training Strategy ....................................................................................... 1-5 Gunnery Tables ........................................................................................................... 1-5 Section II – Commander’s Guidance .......................................................................... 1-7 Training Goals ............................................................................................................. 1-7 Training Requirements ................................................................................................ 1-7 Section III – Training Plans ......................................................................................... 1-8 Gunnery Training ........................................................................................................ 1-8 Long-Range Training Plans ........................................................................................ 1-9 Short-Range Training Plans ........................................................................................ 1-9 Near-Term Training Plans ......................................................................................... 1-10

Chapter 2 Safety ......................................................................................................................... 2-1 Section I – Certification, Battle Focus, Duties, and Responsibilities .......................... 2-1 Certification ................................................................................................................. 2-1 Battle Focus ................................................................................................................ 2-2 Responsibilities and Duties ......................................................................................... 2-2 Section II – Procedures ............................................................................................... 2-5

Contents

ii TC 3-09.8 15 November 2013

Cannon Safety ............................................................................................................ 2-5 Cannon Safety Aids .................................................................................................... 2-6 Section III – Manual Computation of Safety Data ..................................................... 2-12 Manual Safety Computation Procedure .................................................................... 2-12 Safety Card ............................................................................................................... 2-12 Basic Safety Diagram ............................................................................................... 2-13 Computation of Low angle Safety Data .................................................................... 2-15 Safety T ..................................................................................................................... 2-19 Updating Safety Data After Determining a GFT Setting ........................................... 2-21 Determination of Maximum Effective Illumination Area ............................................ 2-33 Safety Considerations for M549/M549A1 RAP ......................................................... 2-34 Safety Considerations for M864 Base Burn DPICM/M79541 Base Burn HE ........... 2-35 Computation of High angle Safety Data................................................................... 2-35 Section IV – Determining Minimum Quadrant Elevation ........................................... 2-44 Minimum Quadrant Elevation .................................................................................... 2-44 Section V – MLRS Safety Procedures ...................................................................... 2-51 Section VI – Computation of MLRS/HIMARS Safety Data ....................................... 2-53 General ..................................................................................................................... 2-53 MLRS Surface Danger Zone Values ......................................................................... 2-55 Computing Safety Data ............................................................................................. 2-55 Section VII – Check Data for M270A1/HIMARS/M142 HIMARS .............................. 2-83 M270A1, MLRS, M142 HIMARS, ............................................................................. 2-83

Chapter 3 13F Fire Support Tables ........................................................................................... 3-1 Section I – ASPT for Fire Support ............................................................................... 3-1 Section II – Fire Support Tables ............................................................................... 3-16 Fire Support table I: Individual Tasks ........................................................................ 3-16 Fire Support Table II: Establish Operations .............................................................. 3-58 Fire Support Table III: Fire Planning ......................................................................... 3-64 Fire Support Table IV: Execute Fires ........................................................................ 3-90 Fire Support Table V: Mounted Gunnery Training Program ................................... 3-104 Observer Table VI ................................................................................................... 3-105 Fires Cell Table VI ................................................................................................... 3-105 Chapter 4 13B/13M Delivery Section Training ......................................................................... 4-1 Section I – Howitzer Section Tables ........................................................................... 4-1 ASPT for Howitzer Sections ........................................................................................ 4-2 Requirements .............................................................................................................. 4-2 Howitzer Table I: Individual Tasks ......................................................................... 4-28 Howitzer Table II: Rigging Procedures ..................................................................... 4-41 Howitzer Table III: Establish Operations ................................................................... 4-48 Howitzer Table IV: Execute Fires .............................................................................. 4-56 Howitzer Table V: Section Certification..................................................................... 4-61 Table VI: Section Qualification .................................................................................. 4-62 Section II – MLRS Section Tables ............................................................................ 4-62 Training With MLRS Tables .................................................................................... 4-62 Requirements ........................................................................................................... 4-63 Test Stations ............................................................................................................. 4-67

Contents

15 November 2013 TC 3-09.8 iii

MLRS Tables ............................................................................................................ 4-75 MLRS Table I: Individual Soldier and Leader Tasks ................................................. 4-75 MLRS Table II: Conduct MLRS Firing Section OPAREA Occupation ...................... 4-84 MLRS Table III: Prepare HIMARS for Air Movement ................................................ 4-86 MLRS Table IV/A: Launcher Reload Procedures ..................................................... 4-87 MLRS Table IV/B: Ammunition Upload/Download Procedures ................................ 4-89 MLRS Table V: Training and Certification ................................................................ 4-92 MLRS Table VI: Qualification .................................................................................... 4-94

Chapter 5 13R Radar Section Tables ........................................................................................ 5-1 Section I – ASPT for Radar Sections .......................................................................... 5-1 Test Station 1: Map and Aiming Circle Orientation ..................................................... 5-5 Test Station 2: Initialize the Radar .............................................................................. 5-9 Test Station 3: Establish Communications ............................................................... 5-10 Section II – Radar Tables ......................................................................................... 5-12 Radar Table IA: Individual Tasks .............................................................................. 5-12 Radar Table IB: Individual Leader Tasks .................................................................. 5-18 Radar Table II: LCMR (Lightweight Counter-Mortar Radar) ..................................... 5-20 Radar Table III: RSOP (Reconnaissance, Selection, and Occupation of (Position) 5-22 Radar Table IV: Perform Radar Operations ............................................................. 5-26 Radar Table V: Certification ...................................................................................... 5-29 Radar Table VI: Qualification .................................................................................... 5-29

Chapter 6 13D/13P Fire Direction Tables ................................................................................. 6-1 Training With Fire Direction Tables ............................................................................. 6-1 ASPT for FDC/POC/BOC ........................................................................................... 6-1 Requirements .............................................................................................................. 6-1 Fire Direction Table I: Individual Leader and Soldier Tasks ..................................... 6-11 Fire Direction Table II: Establish Operations ............................................................ 6-16 Fire Direction Table III: Compute Firing Data ........................................................... 6-23 Fire Direction Table IV: Provide Control of the FDC ................................................. 6-31 Fire Direction Table V: Certification .......................................................................... 6-34 Fire Direction Table VI: Qualification ........................................................................ 6-34

Chapter 7 13T Survey/Meteorological (MET) Crewmember Tables ....................................... 7-1 Section I – ASPT for Survey/MET Sections ................................................................ 7-1 Test Station 1 Written Exam ....................................................................................... 7-5 Test Station 2: Basic MET Skills ................................................................................. 7-6 Test Station 3: Survey Skills ....................................................................................... 7-9 Section II – Survey/MET Tables ............................................................................... 7-13 Survey/MET Table I: Individual Tasks ...................................................................... 7-13 Survey/MET Table II: Establish Operations .............................................................. 7-28 Survey/MET Table III: Survey/MET Planning and Coordination ............................... 7-31 Survey/MET Table IV: Perform Survey/MET Missions ............................................. 7-32 Survey/MET Mission Scenario #1: Occupy an Existing Fire Base ........................... 7-34 Survey/MET Mission Scenario #2: Occupy an Unsecure Fire Base ........................ 7-36 Survey/MET Table V: Survey/MET Training and Certification .................................. 7-38 Survey/MET Table VI: Survey/MET Qualification ..................................................... 7-38

Contents

iv TC 3-09.8 15 November 2013

Chapter 8 Collective FA Gunnery Training .............................................................................. 8-1 Section I – Evaluation ................................................................................................. 8-1 Concept ...................................................................................................................... 8-1 General ....................................................................................................................... 8-1 Artillery Table VII: Platoon RSOP ............................................................................... 8-2 Artillery Table VIII: Move ............................................................................................. 8-3 Artillery Table IX: Conduct Occupation of a Position Area and Establish a Firing

Capability .................................................................................................................... 8-4 Artillery Tables X–XII: Platoon Training, Certification, and Qualification .................. 8-10 Artillery Tables XII–XV: Battery Training, Certification, and Qualification ................ 8-23 Artillery Tables XVI–XVIII: Battalion Training, Certification, and Qualification ......... 8-24 Collective Gunnery Training in Support of Combined Arms Training ....................... 8-24

Appendix A JADOCS .................................................................................................................... A-1 Appendix B Minimum QE Rapid Fire Tables .............................................................................. B-1

Appendix C Sample Hands-On and Written Examinations ....................................................... C-1

Appendix D Time & Accuracy Standards ................................................................................... D-1 Appendix E Gunner's Qualification Test ..................................................................................... E-1

Appendix F M28A1/A2 Rocket Crest Clearnance ....................................................................... F-1

GLOSSARY ................................................................................................... Glossary-1 REFERENCES ...........................................................................................References-1 INDEX .................................................................................................................. Index-1

Figures Figure 2-1. Emplacing safety stakes for M119A2 ............................................................................... 2-7 Figure 2-2. Boxed safety ..................................................................................................................... 2-9 Figure 2-3. Unboxed safety ............................................................................................................... 2-10 Figure 2-4. Combat safety ................................................................................................................. 2-11 Figure 2-5. Illumination safety ........................................................................................................... 2-11 Figure 2-6. Example range safety card ............................................................................................. 2-13 Figure 2-7. Example of a completed safety diagram (HE/WP/SMK) ................................................ 2-15 Figure 2-8. Low angle safety matrix .................................................................................................. 2-18 Figure 2-9. Example low angle safety matrix (shell HE/WP/SMK) ................................................... 2-18 Figure 2-10. Example of a completed Safety T................................................................................. 2-19 Figure 2-11. Example of post occupation low angle safety with Range K applied (shell HE/WP/SMK) ...

..................................................................................................................................... 2-24 Figure 2-12. Example of a low angle safety matrix (shell M825) ...................................................... 2-25 Figure 2-13. Example of ballistic data (M825) (NOTE: Refer to 155-AM-3 for MACS procedures) 2-26 Figure 2-14. Example of post occupation low angle safety with Range K applied (shell M825) ...... 2-29 Figure 2-15. Example of a low angle safety matrix (shell illumination) ............................................. 2-30 Figure 2-16. Example of safety table data, M485 illumination (NOTE: Refer to 155-AM-3 for MACS

procedures) .................................................................................................................... 2-31

Contents

15 November 2013 TC 3-09.8 v

Figure 2-17. High angle safety matrix .............................................................................................. 2-38 Figure 2-18. Example of a high angle safety matrix (shell HE) ........................................................ 2-39 Figure 2-19. Example of a high angle safety matrix (shell M825) .................................................... 2-40 Figure 2-20. Example of a high angle safety matrix (shell illumination) .......................................... 2-41 Figure 2-21. Low angle safety computations .................................................................................... 2-42 Figure 2-22. High angle safety computations .................................................................................. 2-43 Figure 2-23. Angles of minimum QE ................................................................................................. 2-45 Figure 2-24. Armed VT decision tree ................................................................................................ 2-47 Figure 2-25. Example impact area .................................................................................................... 2-58 Figure 2-26. Example OPAREA azimuth limits OPAREA Method 1 ................................................ 2-58 Figure 2-27. Example development of target selection box azimuth limits ....................................... 2-59 Figure 2-28. Example development of target selection box range limits .......................................... 2-60 Figure 2-29. Example development of minimum and maximum quadrant ....................................... 2-60 Figure 2-30. Safety T computations (fire missions) .......................................................................... 2-62 Figure 2-31. Example Safety T ......................................................................................................... 2-62 Figure 2-32. Firing OPAREA SDZ requirements .............................................................................. 2-63 Figure 2-33. Example exclusion areas M28A1/A2 ............................................................................ 2-64 Figure 2-34. Example impact area .................................................................................................... 2-66 Figure 2-35. Example OPAREA azimuth limits OPAREA Method 2 ................................................ 2-66 Figure 2-36. Example of minimum and maximum range arcs .......................................................... 2-67 Figure 2-37. Safety T computations (fire missions) .......................................................................... 2-68 Figure 2-38. Example Safety T ......................................................................................................... 2-68 Figure 2-39. Firing OPAREA SDZ requirements .............................................................................. 2-70 Figure 2-40. Example of exclusion areas for M28A1/A2 .................................................................. 2-71 Figure 2-41. Example of the development of target selection box azimuth limits ............................. 2-71 Figure 2-42. Example of the development of target selection box range limits ................................ 2-72 Figure 2-43. Example of an impact area ........................................................................................... 2-73 Figure 2-44. Example of the development of target selection box range limits ................................ 2-74 Figure 2-45. Example of computing safety data ............................................................................... 2-75 Figure 2-46. Example of a Safety T .................................................................................................. 2-76 Figure 2-47. Example of the LDA and the NHA ................................................................................ 2-77 Figure 2-48. Example exclusion areas M28A1/A2 ............................................................................ 2-78 Figure 2-49. Example of an impact area ........................................................................................... 2-79 Figure 2-50. Example of azimuth limits ............................................................................................. 2-80 Figure 2-51. Example of fire missions for Safety T ........................................................................... 2-80 Figure 2-52. Example of a Safety T .................................................................................................. 2-81 Figure 2-53. Example LDA, NHA, and Exclusion Areas I and II ....................................................... 2-82 Figure 3-1. Test station diagram ......................................................................................................... 3-3 Figure 4-1. Example 1 Cluster method testing station .................................................................... 4-4 Figure 4-2. Example 2 Cluster method testing station .................................................................... 4-4 Figure 4-3. Test stations “round-robin” guideline .............................................................................. 4-65 Figure 5-1. Test station diagram ......................................................................................................... 5-3

Contents

vi TC 3-09.8 15 November 2013

Figure 6-1. 13D/P test station diagram ............................................................................................... 6-3 Figure 7-1. Sample test station diagram ............................................................................................. 7-3 Figure B-1. PCR range table ............................................................................................................... B-1 Figure D-1. Five elements of accurate predicted fire are met ........................................................... D-30 Figure D-2. Accurate predicted fire requirements not met ................................................................ D-34

Tables Table 1-1. FA gunnery tables .............................................................................................................. 1-5 Table 1-1. FA gunnery tables (continued) ........................................................................................... 1-5 Table 1-2. Section/Team qualification criteria ..................................................................................... 1-7 Table 2-1. Manual safety computation .............................................................................................. 2-12 Table 2-2. Construction of a basic safety diagram ........................................................................... 2-14 Table 2-3. Low angle procedures ..................................................................................................... 2-16 Table 2-3. Low angle procedures (continued) .................................................................................. 2-17 Table 2-4. Tables and addenda required for safety computations ................................................... 2-20 Table 2-5. Low angle procedures using a GFT with GFT setting applied ........................................ 2-21 Table 2-5. Low angle procedures using a GFT with GFT setting applied (continued) ..................... 2-22 Table 2-5. Low angle procedures using a GFT with GFT setting applied (continued) ..................... 2-23 Table 2-6. Examples of low angle safety .......................................................................................... 2-23 Table 2-7. Ballistic Data for Safety Computations ............................................................................ 2-27 Table 2-8. Ballistic Data for Safety Computations ............................................................................ 2-32 Table 2-9. Procedures to determine maximum effective illumination area ....................................... 2-34 Table 2-10. High angle safety procedures ....................................................................................... 2-36 Table 2-10. High angle safety procedures (continued) ..................................................................... 2-37 Table 2-11. Examples of high angle safety ...................................................................................... 2-39 Table 2-12. Manual minimum QE computations ............................................................................... 2-46 Table 2-13. RFT minimum QE computations .................................................................................... 2-46 Table 2-14. RFT example for howitzer platoon ................................................................................. 2-46 Table 2-15. Manual armed VT minimum QE computations .............................................................. 2-48 Table 2-16. RFT minimum QE computations .................................................................................... 2-48 Table 2-17. Intervening crest, option 1 ............................................................................................. 2-50 Table 2-18. Intervening crest, option 2 ............................................................................................. 2-51 Table 2-19. M28A1/A2 (combined) safety …