DB project Manager

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mgt637_u1ar_806.pdf

Organizational systems

There are three main types of organizational systems: o Functional o Matrix o Projectized In functional organizations, people are organized by teams that complete similar tasks. For example, an IT organization may be structured into teams based on technology or application (Web team, SAP team). People are assigned to projects generally on a part-time basis, but they do not formally report to the project manager in any way. In projectized organizations, people belong to project teams and report directly to the project manager. When the project is completed, the team is disbanded. A research & development organization may be organized in this manner. A matrixed organization is a blend of the other two styles. People report to both a functional manager and a project manager. They have project tasks as well as ongoing operational activities. There is considerable variability in this organizational style. The majority of companies are structured with some sort of matrixed system. The type of organizational system in place will affect how the project manager functions. In functional organizations, where there is a strong departmental decision-making structure, the project manager may not be able to go directly to the decision-maker. Instead, the project manager may need to walk the organization chart so peers are discussing and deciding upon scope, issues, and resources. The project manager will have very little authority to make decisions and must focus on building strong upward relationships. Decisions may take longer to be reached in this type of structure. In projectized organizations, the project manager will have much stronger authority for decision-making, and will be more likely to be able to go directly to the decision-maker. Regardless of the organizational system, though, the project manager will only be successful when she builds strong consensus-based relationships with the key stakeholders.

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