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          According to Public Policy, for a condition to be converted into a problem people must have some value or standard by which the troubling condition is judged to be unreasonable or unacceptable and appropriate for government to handle. (Anderson, p. 90) An example would be destruction of property from weather that can’t be controlled and has affected the community. There are precautions that are taken and set in place in the event a problem like this arises. On the other hand, how problems are defined are always changing. Some problems that once were treated as a private issue, such as family/domestic violence now have statues on how the government should handle each case.

                The typical process of the policy adoption stage depends on what policy is preferred and can win approval. The policy adoption goes through a series of stages until they are either modified, accepted, bargained, and/or approved. Although private individuals and organizations also participate in making policy decisions, the formal authority is left to decide the rest with public officials, legislatures, executives, administrators, and judges. Policy decisions made by the legislatures are usually accepted as legitimate, as being made in the proper way and hence binding on all. (Anderson, p. 133)

The two case studies discussed shows how difficult certain policies can be when it comes to deciding on what action that represents the public’s best interest. The two policy adoptions Consumer Bankruptcy and The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act are different but rather similar when it comes down to being ongoing and difficult to implement because of the mixed views from the community and consumers.

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