Reasonable Suspicion and Probable Cause

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Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read Fourth Amendment: Search and Seizure (Links to an external site.), The Difference Between the 5th and 6th Amendment Right to Counsel (Links to an external site.), Probable Cause and Reasonable Suspicion (Links to an external site.), Saul Ornelas and Ismael Ornelas Ledesma, Petitioners v. United States (Links to an external site.), and Pre-Trial Motions (Links to an external site.).

Knowing the distinctions between reasonable suspicion and probable cause are essential, foundational aspects of criminal justice, just as mens rea and actus reus were in your studies last week. Reasonable suspicion is an objective belief by an officer that an investigation needs to be conducted into a potential crime. Probable cause is the standard required for arrest. Keep these distinctions clear in this week’s presentations and in your criminal justice career. Support your responses with credible sourcing, either from the required readings this week, or from independent research that you conduct in the Ashford University Library or online, and properly cite any references.

Two commonly confused concepts in criminal law are reasonable suspicion and probable cause. In your initial post of 300 words:

  • Define and evaluate both of these significant legal terms, and utilize pertinent U.S. Supreme Court opinions to justify your answers.
  • Address what happens in court to a criminal case when an officer does not possess reasonable suspicion or probable cause.


Part two

Prior to beginning work on this video presentation, read Fourth Amendment: Search and Seizure (Links to an external site.), The Difference Between the 5th and 6th Amendment Right to Counsel (Links to an external site.), Probable Cause and Reasonable Suspicion (Links to an external site.), Saul Ornelas and Ismael Ornelas Ledesma, Petitioners v. United States (Links to an external site.),https://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/95-5257.ZD.html and Pre-Trial Motions (Links to an external site.).

The fourth, fifth and sixth amendments are the most important of the Bill of Rights which affect criminal law, prosecutions, and defenses in the United States. Consider the protections against unreasonable searches and seizures, the right to remain silent, the right to due process, the right to counsel, and the right to a speedy trial as the “Holy Grail” of constitutional protections for those accused of a crime.

Create a five- to eight-slide PowerPoint explaining the sixth amendment. Additionally, provide 50 to 75 words of explanations for each of your PowerPoint slides in the discussion area, just as you would present an oral presentation explaining the slides on the topics listed. In your PowerPoint slides and discussions,

  • List the requirements of the sixth amendment.
  • Define the key term to have the assistance of counsel for his defense, and explain its meaning in relation to both custodial interrogation and at trial.
  • Detail what the remedy is for a defendant when a motion is granted for violation of the sixth amendment.

In all presentations, support your observations using a minimum of two scholarly and/or credible sources either from the required readings this week or from independent research that you conduct in the Ashford University Library or online, and properly cite any references.

Making your PowerPoint (or equivalent) Presentation

You may wish to include visual enhancements in your presentation. These may include appropriate images, a consistent font, appropriate animations, and transitions from content piece-to-content piece and slide-to-slide. (Images should be cited in APA format as outlined by the Ashford Writing Center’s Tables, Images, & Appendices (Links to an external site.) resource.) The Where to Get Free (and Legal) Images (Links to an external site.) guide provides assistance with accessing freely available public domain and/or Creative Commons licensed images. It is recommended that you access the Ashford Writing Center’s How to Make a PowerPoint Presentation (Links to an external site.) and Simple Rules for Better PowerPoint Presentations (Links to an external site.) which provide useful assistance with creating successful PowerPoint presentations.

Part 2: Your computer screen video recording (Screencast) of a PowerPoint (or equivalent) presentation:

  • Take photos of key points in each exercise, and place them in PowerPoint using appropriate titling and transitions.
  • Write speaker’s notes as a script for your presentation at the bottom of each slide.
  • Use Screencast-O-Matic to record your presentation and voice. (You will need either a laptop’s built-in microphone or an external microphone headset to record your voice).
  • Using the screen cast software package, obtain a link to share with others.

Posting:

  • Paste your video link, and post your PowerPoint file within your initial post in this discussion forum.
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