Projcet paper

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FIRST:

The chart attached below can help you synthesize your sources. Please download the chart, fill it in.

The first attached file is the chart.

SECOND: 

So...start thinking about your thesis statement by writing out a few attempts. 

Begin by looking back at all your your previous notes, your source evaluations, your synthesis chart, etc., and then start trying out some ideas for possible thesis statements.  Usually, it takes several "tries" to get a thesis that will work for your paper!

Use a word file and write some thesis statment tries about the questions.

The question, sources and draft is the second attached file.

Third:

Write a outline of the paper.

So consider your purpose, audience, and context and answer those questions: What's your main goal in your writing--what do you want readers to feel, think, or do? Who is your audience? How familiar will they be with your topic? With your research? How much detail will you need to provide? How can you guide your readers through your writing?

Here are a few possible organizational structures you could use, but feel free to come up with something else that would work for your rhetorical situation:

  • A traditional thesis-and-support organization pattern.  If your main purpose is to persuade your audience—to get your readers to buy into the "validity" of your answer--then a thesis-and-support structure might be especially useful. 

    Such a structure might look like the example flowcharts in The Norton Field Guide (blue book: p. 179; yellow book: p. 177-178). Using those example patterns, you would state your thesis in the introduction, and you would probably explain your personal connection to the research question/topic fairly early in your paper. Then you would organize your body paragraphs around reasons -- reasons why you're answering your question the way you are.  Your support for your reasons would come from your sources and from your own experiences. 

    An example of this kind of pattern would be the organization of the student sample paper assigned for you to read this week ("Organ Sales Will Save Lives").

  • A narrative organization pattern. If your intention is to inform and perhaps even “entertain” your readers, or if you want to emphasize your personal reactions and reflections, a narrative structure might work well for you.

    Such a structure could essentially tell the story of your research process. Your paper would probably begin by describing the question and why you're interested in it.  Then it would narrate your process of finding and contemplating an answer with the help of your sources, your personal experiences, and your observations. Your thesis -- your answer to your question -- could appear at the beginning of your paper, or even at the end.  

    An example of this kind of pattern would be the organization of the essays you were assigned to read last week ("Is Google Making Us Stupid" and "The Case for Single-Child Families").

  • An IMRaD organization pattern.  If your main intention is to educate your readers or to present a detailed account of your research methods--especially field-research methods--an IMRaD structure might be a good choice for you. IMRaD is an organizational pattern that’s often used in the sciences and social sciences, and it employs specific headings to help readers make sense of a writer/researcher’s overall project. 

    IMRaD stands for Introduction-Methods-Results-Discussion. This structure might be especially useful if you used field research to explore your question. Under the heading "Introduction," you might explain your research question and why you care about it. Under "Methods," you might describe how you went about collecting information from interviews, questionnaires, periodical sources, etc. Under "Results," you might explain what you found out. Under "Discussion," you might explain what your findings mean to you personally, what your answer or thesis is.

    For more information on IMRaD, see p. 311 of the blue edition of The Norton Field Guide. Also see the sample scholarly paper--on the topic of Kilbourne's Killing Us Softly video series--available above as an example of an IMRaD structure.

Your task now is to begin sketching out an organization pattern -- an outline or some other written/visual plan -- for your paper.  You can make the outline formal (with Roman numerals, for example) or informal (web, cluster, etc.).  In either case, you should make it clear which kind of organization pattern you plan to use. Try also to be specific: give details about what you'll focus on and say in each paragraph or in each major portion of your paper.

The third attached file is sample of IMRaD paper.

 

For this paper, we'll once again use the MLA system of acknowledging sources.

Remember, MLA style calls for you to cite your sources in two places:

  1. within your sentences (called a brief in-text citation) and
  2. in a list of works cited at the end of your text (called a Works Cited page)

There should be only three to five sources that you'll cite in your paper, but you'll need to cite them in both of the places mentioned above. 

Let's consider in-text citations first:  

Just as in Project #2, when you refer to an author's ideas within your Project #3 paper, you’ll usually need to use what the Norton Field Guidecalls a “signal phrase” – a phrase that tells readers who’s saying what. The difference now is that with Project #3, depending on the type of source you're using, you may need to add page numbers in parentheses--so that readers know exactly where to find the idea you're referring to.

Please read thoroughly the assigned pages from your textbook so that you can make your in-text citations reliable and helpful to readers!
There is a video about in-text citations:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3aN_OSMbnsI

 

The last page of your paper should be labeled Works Cited.  You should have a total of three to five citations listed:one for each of your sources.The citations should be listed alphabetically.

Citing articles
Because your articles will most likely have come from one or more of the online databases offered through our library, you'll follow the citation practice described under "Article Accessed Through a Database" in The Norton Field Guide.

Here's the pattern for citing such a source:

ARTICLE ACCESSED FROM A LIBRARY DATABASE

Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Name of Periodical, Volume, Issue, Date, Pages. Name of Database. DOI or URL. Accessed Day Month Year.

EXAMPLE

Barlow, Fiona. “Nature vs. Nurture is Nonsense: On the Necessity of an Integrated Genetic, Social, Developmental, and Personality Psychology.” Australian Journal of Psychology, vol.71, no.1, 17 Jan. 2019, pp. 68-79. EBSCOhost, DOI: 1111/ajpy.12240. Accessed 1 Apr. 2019.

If you accessed an article from something other than the library's online databases, please follow the instructions in The Norton Field Guide for citing other kinds of articles.

Finnaly:

The fourth and fifth attached file is the sample of whole work combind. Please follow the instuction and submit work as the sample format on time(before Sunday 18:00pm)

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