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Describe one evidence-based strategy for leading emergency preparedness.

The global COVID-19 pandemic presented specific challenges to several areas worldwide, including hot spots like New York City, which suffered over 22 000 deaths. As a result, new innovative strategies were created to include resource allocation of emergency workers. Specialty providers from other practice settings such as Neurosurgery, Radiology, Bariatric surgery, and General surgery were deployed to work at alternative sites, including mobile field hospitals. It is important to note that the deployed staff received the appropriate onboarding/training. Their practices received ongoing support and services, including telemedicine, to stay connected with their patients during their absence (Amos, et al., 2020). During a disaster, it is critical to the mission to determine the right resources are being used to ensure safety and mitigate further sentinel events.

Identify one evidence-based strategy for shaping healthcare system outcomes in a disaster.

Hanefeld et al. (2018) wrote people respond in different ways to disasters, and the sudden shock and response can determine the outcomes. One of the best strategies for shaping healthcare system outcomes in a disaster is to build a level of resistance from what individuals have learned from a previous crisis. It is integral to understand the overall capacity and abilities a system has in place to respond. For instance, the financial, political, information, and planning systems can independently influence if the response to the disaster is a success or not (Hanefeld, 2018). Building resistance can be achieved when each healthcare system strives to use each crisis as an opportunity to improve their responses in preparation for future disasters.

Examine the disaster risks for your local community. Identify two priority concerns. Describe the significance of these issues of concern.

The two disaster risks identified for the state of Alaska are earthquakes plus extreme cold and blizzards. According to the University of Alaska (2021), Alaska experiences over 20,000 earthquakes annually, more than any other state. It is estimated that an earthquake with a magnitude of 7 to 8 occurs yearly and 8+ on average every 13 years. The significant damage that can happen is costly due to poor infrastructure in some areas-especially remote villages. When there is an earthquake, tsunamis can be a concern depending on the time of the year and if people live near the coastline, which many do for sustenance purposes. Another disaster risk for Alaska is the long and harsh winters that create hazardous conditions such as white-out road conditions and avalanches. Unprepared people can be stuck for hours to days before help arrives and suffer frostbite, loss of limb, and possibly loss of life.

Identify one professional organization active in emergency preparedness or disaster response. Describe the services provided.

The American Red Cross (ARC) is a well-known non-profit organization that utilizes its volunteers to respond and provide relief to communities affected by local, state, and international disasters. In addition, the ARC offers Basic Life Support (BLS), First Aid, and many other training opportunities and certifications. The ARC also provides invaluable support for military families in need and assists with notifying service members of family emergencies when deployed overseas or in remote locations. Plus, therapy and other essential services to active duty, veterans, and military families (ARC, 2021).

Jan

References

American Red Cross (2021). Our work. https://www.redcross.org/about-us/our-work/disaster-relief.html (Links to an external site.)

Amos, J. et al. (2020). An innovative provider redeployment strategy during the covid-19 pandemic in New York City. Physician Leadership Journal, (7)6, 48-53. physicianleaders.org

Hanefeld et al. (2018). Towards an understanding of resilience: responding to health systems shocks. Health Policy and Planning, (33)3, 355-367. DOI: 10.1093/heapol/czx183

University of Alaska (2020). Overview: earthquakes and tsunamis in Alaska. Sea Grant Alaska. https://seagrant.uaf.edu/topics/environmental-hazards-alaskas-coasts/earthquakes-tsunamis/ (Links to an external site.)

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