mid term



These questions have multiple parts so  be sure to answer all parts of the question.  Your answers should be a  minimum of 1 page long per question. 

The exam  will be submitted as a paper and be in APA format, typed in 12 font  Times New Roman, and shall not have been turned in previously to any  other instructor for any other course or assignment.  Each  Question is a minimum of 1 page long and this does not include the  bibliography or source page for that question. All sources used should  be on a Bibliography at the end of the exam document.  It is to be  submitted as a Microsoft Word Document. The research paper  shall be an individual effort and not a group project.  Since criminal  justice is a social science, the writing requirements of the American  Psychological Association, otherwise known as the APA, will be in effect  for the research paper assignment.

  1. Spiritual  and natural explanations have always been important in the criminal  justice system.  Discuss each and the role they play.  Give 2 examples  of each.
  2. How has  the recent research on the effects of specific deterrence verses  perceptual deterrence changed the way the entire concept of deterrence  is viewed? What additional studies should be conducted to clarify the  issue?
  3. What body types have been found to be more associated with crime?  What do you believe is causing this to happen?
  4. Explain the research in the “Delinquency Areas” of Chicago and discuss the results.
  5. Discuss Merton’s five modes of adaption and give an example of each.
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