HSA 520 Midterm Exam New

  

Question 1
Risks of information science technologies include:
The use of mental communications
Cutting-edge performances
Glitches and loss of information
Processing human-to-systems networking
Question 2
Output information can be seen in the form of:
Software programs
Telecommunications
Hardware
Alerts/outcomes
Question 3
Information from the system that is used to make modifications in the input, processing actions, or outputs is referred to as:
Reporting
Processing
Acquisitions
Feedback
Question 4
The main components of a computer based information system are:
Hardware and software
Hardware, software, and telecommunications tools
Data input tools and output video components
The keyboard, monitor, mouse, and power source
Question 5
Integration of cognitive, communication, computer, library, and social sciences are features of:
Information science
Data science
Information system
Processing science
Question 6
Data are dirty when there are errors such as:
Duplicate entries
Incomplete or outdated records
Both duplicate entries and incomplete or outdated records
None of these are correct.
Question 7
When processing data into information, it is important that the data:
Have integrity and quality
Reflect human inconsistencies
Contain raw facts
Contain duplicate facts
Question 8
Data integrity can be compromised through:
Cleaning dirty data
Human error or hackers
Transmission errors
Human error or hackers and transmission errors
Question 9
Information science focuses on:
Individual and universal systems
Effectively linking people, information, and technology
Networking between systems
Organization and efficiency
Question 10
Secure, timely, relevant, and objective are some characteristics that define:
Infrastructure
Quality of information
Feedback
Analysis
Question 11
Although theoretical definitions of ethics vary, what identifies a common characteristic of ethics?
Goal oriented
Illogical
One acceptable option
Unfair
Question 12
Ethics is best described as:
A revolution in health care brought on by technologic change
Ever-changing principles that guide decision making
A goal-oriented approach to answering questions that potentially have multiple acceptable answers
Paradigmatic changes that involve rhythmic processes central to the healthcare system
Question 13
Which of the following is not true about social media?
Social media represents an instantaneous form of communication.
Social media promotes professional collegiality.
Social media posts may influence perceptions of professional image.
Social media posts are easily deleted by the person who initiated the post.
Question 14
The intent of HIPAA was to:
Curtail healthcare fraud and abuse, and enforce standards for health information
Guarantee the security and privacy of health information
Assure health insurance portability for employed persons
All of these are correct.
Question 15
Fair, equitable, and appropriate treatment in light of what is due or owed to a person is known as:
Beneficence
Nonmaleficence
Justice
Autonomy
Question 16
When healthcare agencies provide access to health information on websites they:
Are essentially practicing medicine
Expect people to follow the advice
Are responsible for actions that people take as a result
Must adhere to responsible information standards
Question 17
Two ethics approaches that emphasize considering human needs and the responsibility to meet needs are:
Virtue and care ethics
Bioethics and casuistry
Beneficence and care ethics
Principlism and antiprinciplism
Question 18
Practice-based ethics as described by Husted and Husted (1995), focuses on:
Bringing about human benefit
Normative approaches to ethics
Examining moral life
Understanding right or good action
Question 19
The presence of a moral dilemma creates:
A peaceful temperament
A specific action
An anticipated behavior
Uncertainty
Question 20
In which step in the model for ethical decision making would conflicting values be considered?
Examining the dilemma
Comprehending alternatives
Hypothesizing an argument
Evaluating outcomes
Question 21
Heuristic evaluation:
Observes the steps users are likely to take to use the interface to accomplish typical tasks
Detects problems early in the design process
Is the least expensive method
All of these are correct.
Question 22
Task analysis examines:
The number of tasks involved
How the user approaches the task in order to accomplish it
What the needed output is
All of these are correct
Question 23
Formal usability tests:
Involve observing the steps users take when using the interface to accomplish real-world tasks
Involve detecting problems early in the design process
Are required for credentialing
None of these are correct
Question 24
The users see the effects of their actions on the technology when you bridge the:
Gulf of execution
Gulf of understanding
Gulf of evaluation
Gulf of assessment
Question 25
The FITT model:
Observes the steps users are likely to take to use the interface to accomplish typical tasks
Encourages the evaluator to examine the fit between each two of the components: user and technology, task and technology, and user and task
Is the least expensive method
All of these are correct.
Question 26
What is an example of human-technology interfaces?
EMR
PCA pump
Telephones
All of these are correct
Question 27
Videoconferencing technology:
Is easy to use
Allows professionals to communicate more effectively and frequently with in-home patients
Must be used for telehealth
None of these are correct.
Question 28
Telehealth interfaces allow patients to:
Interact with a virtual clinician (actually a computer program)
Have tailored educational programming developed
Interact when they want
All of these are correct
Question 29
The first step in implementing an EHR into an organization is the vendor selection process. The other factor included in the first step is:
Validating that the system includes a complex treatment planning
Improving patient care outcomes
Accounting for long term optimization
Documenting the desired functions of the EHR
Question 30
The universal denominator in the development of EHRs is:
User friendliness
Patient safety
User friendliness and patient safety
None of these are correct.
Question 31
The universal denominator of the eight essential components of an EHR as defined by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) is:
Speed
Efficiency
Saving storage
Patient safety
Question 32
The EHR function that allows a clinician to enter medication and other care orders directly into a computer including laboratory, microbiology, pathology, radiology, nursing, supply orders, ancillary services, and consults is known as the:
Core care function
Physician interface
Order entry management
None of these are correct.
Question 33
Which statement is false?
EBP takes away from the critical-thinking skills used by healthcare professionals.
EBP enhances a professional's informed decision making.
EBP should be embedded in computerized documentation of a CIS.
Prompts in CIS can reinforce the habit of looking for supporting evidence for interventions rather than relying on recall of past practices
Question 34
A change management plan developed for implementing an EHR includes all of the following, except:
Disciplinary measures for addressing resistance by professionals
Involving subject matter experts to validate workflow
Hosting end user usability testing sessions
Formal training activities
Question 35
Positive impacts noted with using an informatics system to manage patients with chronic illness include:
Guidelines adherence
A decrease in emergency department visits
Improved provider documentation
All of these are correct.
Question 36
The benefits of EHR use recognized in early studies include all of these, except:
Increased delivery of guidelines-based care
Enhanced capacity to perform surveillance and monitoring for disease conditions
Reduction in medication errors
Improved workflow
Question 37
To become a successful owner of an EHR in the healthcare organization, it must be:
Used by the patient and family
Implemented in the materials management day-to-day operation
Implemented in the administration's day-to-day use
Part of the facility's long term vision
Question 38
The future of the electronic health record and interoperability has the potential to improve patient satisfaction because:
The patient will be treated by the same physician
There is no medical guessing of prior treatments
There is less reliance on a significant other
There is a timely comparison with the paper medical record
Question 39
What represents a copyright infringement?
A back-up copy of software that came with the computer
A purchased painting displayed in the owner's home
A copied document used without owner's consent
A download of purchased sheet music
Question 40
_______________________ combines reviews from multiple primary investigations in order to obtain consensus on a specific area of research.
Systematic review
Data review
Research validity
Research utilization
Question 41
The act of removing the outer package of a software CD obligates the user to abide by licensing restrictions, which is known as:
Shrink wrap license
Digital license
Copyright infringement
Both shrink wrap license and digital license
Question 42
To gain skill at using a database, a healthcare professional could:
Consult a reference librarian
Complete an online tutorial
Both consult a reference librarian and complete an online tutorial
None of these are correct.
Question 43
The most reliable source of research evidence for informing practice is:
Expert opinion
Qualitative research
Quasi-experimental research
Randomized controlled trials
Question 44
The method by which data collected during the course of a study is processed to identify trends and patterns of relationships is called:
Data analysis
Information literacy
Data processing
Clinical analysis
Question 45
According to Stetler et al (1998), the best quality evidence is:
Expert opinions
Meta-analysis
Individual experience
Program evaluation
Question 46
What is a digital movement with the aim of making a library of knowledge available to anyone with Internet access?
National Guideline Clearinghouse
Open Access Initiative
IOWA Model
Context of Care
Question 47
Sources of evidence for practice include:
Synthesis of knowledge from research
Retrospective or concurrent chart reviews
Clinical expertise
All of these are correct.
Question 48
Due to the wealth of information available and the multiple avenues to access it, healthcare professionals must question the ____________ of information.
Authenticity
Validity
Reliability
All of these are correct

   

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    • HSA 520 Midterm Exam Latest

      Question 1
      Risks of information science technologies include:
      The use of mental communications
      Cutting-edge performances
      Glitches and loss of information