# Deductive and inductive

Dariix

In Chapter 3, you have read about the two types of human reasoning, "deductive" and "inductive." Deductive reasoning relies on logical  relationships between claims and tells us, given what we know or assume  to be true, what must necessarily be true. Consider the following example of a deductive argument in the form of modus ponens:

Premise 1: If it is raining outside, then I have an umbrella.

Premise 2: It is raining outside.

Conclusion: Therefore, I have an umbrella.

Kris Barton & Barbara G. Tucker: Inductive Reasoning ______________________________________________________

For this assignment, you will be demonstrating your understanding of deductive and inductive reasoning. First, create your own example of each  of the three deductive argument forms discussed on pp. 45-46: modus  pones, modus tollens, and hypothetical syllogism. I gave an example of  one, modus ponens, above, about it raining outside and me having an  umbrella. That's exactly what I'm asking you to do. Don't use my example  or an example from the book or internet. Just think of your own example  to show you can create the argument forms. It is only necessary to create one  example of each argument. Please state the argument so that the logical  form is apparent rather than discussing your argument in a passage. You  may use this format:

1. premise

2. premise

3. conclusion

Your examples should look just like my example of modus ponens above, only with your own original content. To show your understanding of inductive  reasoning, answer the following using the reading in the textbook and  the link provided above:

1. What is inductive reasoning?

2. How does inductive reasoning differ from deductive reasoning?

3. What is a generalization?

4. What is causal reasoning?

5. What is sign reasoning?

6. What is analogical reasoning?

7. Describe a situation where you have used one of the types of inductive reasoning that you defined in questions 2-5.
To be clear, your submission to this  dropobox should include:

1) one original example for each of the three  deductive argument forms, and

2) your answers to the seven questions  above.

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