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250 WORDS EACH QUESTIONS


QUESTION 1. As defined by Merriam-Webster dictionary women’s rights are legal, political, and social rights for women equal to those of men.   

For this discussion I will primarily evaluate women’s rights in the United States. Many places in the world are drastically different from the United States when it comes to this topic.

The women’s rights movement in the United States started early in the 19th century. In a short time American women began to realize in order for things to change they needed the right to vote. The women’s rights movement grew out of the anti-slavery movement.

In the early colonies American women could not own property. In 1839 Mississippi was the first state that allowed women to own property with the permission of their husbands. Slowly laws were passed that allowed women to keep their earnings and own property in their name.

In 1920 the nineteenth amendment to the constitution was passed. This gave women the right to vote. In 1923 the initial draft of an equal rights amendment was established it stated, “Men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction.”

The equal pay act was not passed by congress until 1963. This act promised equitable wages for the same work, regardless of the race, color, religion, national origin or sex of the worker. 

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act passed in 1964. This made employment sex discrimination illegal.

In 1972 Title IX passed which prohibits sex discrimination for all federal supported educational programs.

These are just a few of the highlights in the women’s rights movement in the United States. All of these improvements to women’s status came easier after they gained the right to vote. Without the ability to vote women would not be able to elect officials into public office who hold beliefs or core values beneficial to them.

In 2019 the women’s rights movement continues to grow. Part of this is due to women who are in elective offices. There are currently 127 women in the United States Congress, 25 women in the United States Senate, and 102 women in the United States House of Representatives. Not to mention women who are elected in local government offices.

One area of the women’s rights movement that has been hindered is sports equality for professional female athletes.

Earlier this year (2019) the entire Women’s United States Soccer Team filed a gender discrimination lawsuit. The lawsuit was filed against the United States Soccer Federation. The United States Women’s Soccer Team’s argument was that they play more games than the United States Men’s Soccer Team and are more successful than them. However the United States Women’s Soccer Team is paid less than the United States Men’s Soccer Team. The United States Women’s Soccer Team described this as, “Institutionalized gender discrimination.”

The Americans on the women’s soccer team feel this discrimination has affected their pay, where they play their games, how often they their games, how they practice, the medical care players receive, and how they travel to games.

American female professional tennis star Venus Williams and others challenged the governing body of Wimbledon, professional tennis’ premier tennis match, for equal prize money for the female and male champions in 2005. Williams’ plea was denied. In 2007 Wimbledon changed their policy and started paying both male and female champions equal prize money. This is a rare case where a female professional athlete can earn as much as her male counterpart. 

Women’s rights have come a long way over the years and will continue to make progress. Today women work jobs that were once considered male professions only. There are no signs of the women’s rights movement reversing to times early in the United States history.    

Sources:

mervosh, sarah. (2019, March 8). 8 Times Women in Sports fought for equality.The New York Times. Retrieved from nytimes.com/2019/0

milligan, susan. (2017, January 20). stepping through history.U.s. News & World Report.


QUESTION 2. 


Edwin Almodovar-Oyolaweek 1
Edwin Almodovar-Oyola(Sep 7, 2019 12:24 PM) - Read by: 1Reply to This Message Reply

First off, with the way society is now. I still am just shocked to think that back then woman’s rights wasn’t even thought about. Women’s rights are basically their social, political, legal rights to be viewed as equals two men in America (Women's rights 2013). There has been a lot of progress and changes starting from the 1700s all the way to the 2000s. I had to do a little bit of research with us initial for him to learn a lot more in reference to how women were treated back then and how they slowly fell equal. Around the 1770s, The colonies made a degree in which women cannot on properties. Around that same time they also took away women’s rights to vote. It’s the little things that you notice that start showing a change. In the early 1800s, there was a woman who received a patent with a new method of weaving straw with silk. This slowly showed the change that the US was coming to because they were giving women their recognition. In 1872, there was a female presidential candidate in the United States that was nominated by the national radical reformers. That same year female federal employees were guaranteed equal pay under new laws. Obviously one of the biggest changes was the 19th amendment that was ratified in 1920 the insured women the right to vote. And then later on came the equal rights amendment that also introduced a new way of looking at things. It stated “ men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States in every place subject to its jurisdiction.”. Another legal action was the title seven of the civil rights act of 1964 that prohibited sex discrimination in employment. Although women were given the right to vote before and were slowly being treated better, unfortunately up until 1964 jobs can do as they please in reference to discrimination. So this act was a key act into even furthering the progress in reference to women rights. The pregnancy discrimination act of 1978 also was a head turner because it band discrimination against pregnant women in workplaces. This is huge because nowadays you have military service members as well as law enforcement agents who are pregnant and don’t have to feel any fear of discrimination. Lastly, one other act that I would like to speak on that I feel is huge for women in the United States is the violence against women act funds services of 1994. This allowed women to look for civil rights remedies in reference to gender related crimes. Something that unfortunately women are still dealing with nowadays. I can go on and on about small and big impacts that forced a change with women’s rights but that will be a 10 page paper. There was a timeline that I saw in which pretty much every single year a new case happen or new laws were passed that made women feel safer and more equal. I do not think that things are done in reference to women’s rights as I feel like there could be more progress. I want to end my note with my opinion that I do not think that women’s rights are at risk of being reversed. I think things can only get better as society is maturing and changing throughout the years and realizing that women’s rights are a key factor in what makes America different than other countries. Slowly, you can notice other countries starting to put more impact when it comes to women's rights. You have countries like poland that just changed the way childbirth was treated in that country. There will no longer be any neglect of women in hospitals, ill children and better prenatal care as well as post care (Saurabh 2017). I want to believe this is due to USA, and their change of the women's rights.

Women’S Rights. (2013). Retrieved from http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/sharpesi/women_s_rights/0

“Stepping Through History.” U.S. News & World Report, U.S. News & World Report, www.usnews.com/news/the-report/articles/2017-01-20/timeline-the-womens-rights-movement-in-the-us.

Saurabh Rambiharilal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, & Jegadeesh Ramasamy. (2017). Childbirth rights for pregnant women: Success for poland and inspiration for other nations. International Journal of Preventive Medicine8(1), 42–42. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_244_15

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