Civilization history

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 Each reply to a classmate should be 100 words or more. Response stating that “I agree” with a post is inadequate without adding more information. A student will not receive full credit for responses to classmates that are not substantive responses. 


Response 1:

 

In greek society, the people revolved around religion, although it wasn't a strict one. People weren't ruled by kings or leaders majority of places, but they did tend to follow their preiest or preistess and follow what they said on behalf of the gods. If you were more skilled in specialized practices, or more educated, since it was an oligarchy society (where the power lies in the small, wealthy elites), you would of course be ranked higher than slaves and peasants, but merchants and such typically weren't ruling forces.

The Roman and the Han Empires shared many similarities, despite the fact that they developed separately from each other. Both Roman and Han Empires experienced social unrest during their collapse. Nomadic invasions pestered both Roman and Han empires.  Both empires developed strong bureaucracies that allowed them to establish a long period with effective centralized rule. There were a lot of positive things that came from both empires. The road network facilitated it and so did the Mediterranean, which made it easy to shuttle goods throughout the Empire through sea. Sea trade was less expensive than land trade and the fact that Rome was more of a naval empire than the Han DynOne key difference from the Han was an extensive institution of slavery, in which slave laborers were used in large numbers to produce goods. The factor that contributed to the collapse of both the Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty is that wars with invaders from neighboring lands weakened both empires. The Han Dynasty declined due to internal political disputes among people in power and rebellion form peasants that were tired of heavy taxation. The Han Dynasty of China was the second imperial dynasty. It was a well organized bureaucracy based upon Confucian ideas and education. Roman Empire was a well organized bureaucracy founded on Roman law and classical learning.


Response 2:

 

The Greek contribution to the creation of Western Civilization equals that of the Jews and the Christians. In the addition to the concept of democratic government, the Greeks were most recognized for their love of the fine arts and their search for wisdom, which they called philosophy. Power is what created the arts and literature of the Greek world and made it as amazing as it is today and for the last twenty-five centuries. While philosophy was very popular in the Greek world, not all the Greeks could find the answers they were looking for in philosophy and turned to religion. Greek religion was different from most in the way that it believed that human beings were only second to the gods themselves but that "man is a measure of all things" (pg. 109). The confidence they felt towards themselves was visible through their art, philosophy, and religion. The Greeks used their priests as informal leaders which led their gods and goddesses to be merely symbolic at the end of the day. The Greeks' ability to showcase the harmony and symmetry of the human form while still maintaining realism was what made the art so beautiful and distinct. 

The Roman empire was prone to corruption, as was the Hans empire. In the Roman empire, while men from independent farming families were forced to participate in military service, larger landowners bought up a lot of the land and created estates from it. That in turn caused  a decline in the economic well-being of Rome and the Roman people because of the loss of food production and the farming jobs lost for the Roman people. The Han government forced peasant families to provide men for labor and for service in the military. Both empires failed due to financial burdens and the reliance of outsiders that people were unsure that they could trust. 

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