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Running head: COLLEGE SPORTS TOWN AND PROFESSIONAL TEAM TOWN LIFE 1

COLLEGE SPORTS TOWN AND PROFESSIONAL TEAM TOWN LIFE 13

Abstract

The life in college sports town and the existing professional team is a research that aims at unearthing the possibilities of sports in a compact, global and urban surrounding. In this research, I will explore the areas of integration of these sports activities with another day to day functions, which is the backbone of life of the people living in the area. Even though there are opportunities for expanding these sports activities in the external environment, living at the town is very distinct between professional teams and college teams. I agree with the ISSP stand on athlete’s careers that historical in addition to socio-cultural contexts have influenced their career development. To live long in the field of sports, going through distinct phases and successfully undergoing both internal and external transitions is essential as focused on this paper (Adler, P. A., & Adler, P. (1991).

These changes have long term and post-career effects, disparities that have drawn a line between the two sports groups. In this research, I used personal interviews, questionnaires, as well as direct observation techniques to gather information. The data was collected from the inhabitants of four different sports towns irrespective of their differences in race, age, financial class gender and level of education (Adler, P. A., & Adler, P. (1991). The research aims at identifying the advantages that professional athletes have over the college students and minimizing the gap that exists between the two groups. Living in an ordinary neighborhood, it is clear that both entities are exposed to the same resources, and thus it will enable the team to take a course of action and live life to the fullest.

Introduction

With the dynamic urban population punctuated by longer life expectancy from technological revolutions, the day to day quality of life in towns is continuously under pressure. This transitions can be traced back to the famous Athens Charter where distinct programs like recreation, housing and mobility were incorporated in the lives of people residing in towns. These spatial planning has zoned out many areas in urban centers where the financially able live at the expense of the less fortunate (Adler, P. A., & Adler, P. (1991). In the process, weaker societal functions like sports and athletics have had a negative impact for a long time period. However, with increased focus in this area, more benefits in social as well as spatial terms are improving.

On the other hand, increased urban development as well as densification of towns and cities, sports facilities are increasingly getting under pressure. The lives of the team members are also influenced by these changes. For instance, the emergence of a wealthy class of merchants in town’s results in many of the sports activities to surround their aid. Most of the fields have been relocated to the end of cities because of the opportunities that are coming along with building construction. In this paper, I will describe the challenges that most of the college students face as they reside in urban areas. These challenges include unattractive architecture, poor living standards, private sports park and lack of benefits from their sports activities (Adler, P. A., & Adler, P. (1991).

Literature review

Sports changes

In the current era, sports are have become a core part of the urban population. Due to its complexity, the industry is continuously changing. From the inception of the mid-20th century, sporting activities have increasingly become famous. New sporting activities have been created which have become essential to the life of human being in the physical, spiritual and emotional part of their lives. This has, therefore, made them develop an interest in the activities. These new sporting ventures have given room for both talent development as well as earning a living through co-curricular activities (Adler, P. A., & Adler, P. (1991). As a result of this factor, most of the young people are relocating to urban areas where there are unlimited opportunities to grow their career. However, this interaction has increased the number of residents living in these urban areas. With the increased number of economic activities, the gap between the rich and the poor is continually growing, thus impacting the lives of these young college students.

The professional team is made up of people who have a long-time experience in this field, and this they earn a lump sum from their talents. With increased exposure in life and endless economic activities, most of them reside in the better areas of town. On the other hand, college teams are made up of students who do sports as a hobby. Most of them are not committed to full time to the task, and thus, it's not their main economic activity (Anderson, A., & South, D. (2000). As a result of this, most of them reside in the weak side of town. This has made the gap between the professional and the students to increase over time. Some of the games that have emerged of late require a lot of resources to run as well as manage. Therefore, they are only accessible by financially stable in society. This further increases the disparity between the two groups.

Imbalance in activities

Most of the students who take athletics as a hobby often balance three spheres of life. These areas are athletics, academics, as well as social life. All three spheres demand attention for proper functioning to take place. In the fields, most of these spheres often suffer because of time commitment that is required by the other areas (Anderson, A., & South, D. (2000). Every space needs attention, motivation as well as passion, which makes one of the spheres to be compromised. The primary mission of the students is to pursue their careers and gain the relevant skills required in the external world. The extracurricular activities have raised concerns over the years as to whether or not they are an obstacle to social life or not. I agree with Miller that then three-sphere of a college student is in many aspects similar, and they had impacts on the life of an athlete-student. Furthermore, the academic achievement of youths is linked to their emotional lives.

Social development and emotional stability

Human beings are social beings, and most of their lives are spent interacting with other entities. In sports and athletics, there are many occurrences that affect their emotions. In most cases, these feelings are channeled to the academic sector that ultimately affects not only emotional stability but also personal social development. According to Adler, the students who often participated in college athletics often experienced isolation from their peers that ultimately led to disengagement from academic issues (Anderson, A., & South, D. (2000). However, this perception has been increased by the fact that most of the students are advised not to fail in school, and that failure would ultimately result in a hard life thereafter. Since a lot of time is spent in both the academic and the athletic sphere, most of the students struggle to balance between the variables. In case poor performance is observed in the field of academics, the self-confidence wears away as the self-esteem lowers in the process (Anderson, A., & South, D. (2000).

In agreeance with Valente that there exists a negative relationship between the outcomes from academic activities as well as dispositional anxiety. Most of the research states that the athletes perform lower than the other students and when the athletic performance is much higher than the other spheres, it becomes increasingly challenging for them to be assimilated in the academic field (Anderson, A., & South, D. (2000). The personal development, as well as the social life of most of the student-athletes, is affected by varying topics of discussion between them and the elites. This further increases the gap between them and their college colleagues.

Different approaches to occasions

Students are often middle-aged individuals with varying demands in their lives. With the onset of their lives at this stage, they make most of the decisions based on their academic point of view. To an athlete student, most of the choices they make differ from the options that their other colleagues make. They stress more on co-curricular activities other than academic and social factors. They thus create variations in their life, unlike their colleague contrary to the societal demands, most of the student do not prioritize academics in their life. Compromising educational success often degrades their self-esteem and lowers their confidence in the educational sector (Broughton, E, 2001) Furthermore, and this imbalance also affects how they view themselves which influences how they relate with the other colleagues. I agree with Miler that although the students interact with themselves at the field, outside the sports field, the interactions are limited. It is clear that students often suffer from the balance of academic, social and athletic life, factors which differentiate them from professional athletics.

Methodology

Out my research through various methods applied, I was able to develop more results pertaining to the view of society concerning the living style of those people living in a college town and those living in a professional sports town. Methods carried out from my research were two personal interviews, open questionnaire to multiple college athletes current and former, and also direct observation. More positive results obtained through personal interviews and open questionnaire since I was able to deal with people directly hence being in a capacity of getting their own views (Broughton, E, 2001).

Questionnaire

This method was useful since I was able to measure the behaviors, attitudes, preference, opinion and motives of the enormous population. It was also cheaper and faster than other methods I applied. The primary type of questionnaire asked was open questions to collect data. Meaning the data collected was both qualitative and quantitative although qualitative was useful for this research. Through the open question, people were able to express what they think pertaining to the living style of people living in a college town and those living in Professional sports town (Broughton, E., 2001)

Direct observation

From this method, I decided to personally avail to the area of study and observe a number of people in the respective community directly. The video camera was mounted at the point of usage, which eventually helped in recording the interactions among a number of people interacting with each other. From the video recorded, I was able to analyze various traits of people and their view of idea concerning the topic (Caulfield, C. (2011). Direct interaction with people was another means of observation applied to monitor people views of the concept directly. However, from the direct observation, I was not allowed to interfere in the other party's norm interaction with the topic.

From this method, there was a considerable degree of commitment from my area of study since the number of population was high. Therefore, I was forced to fully spare my time and carry out this research accurately and come up with good quality results. The video recording was expensive though it was more advantageous since there was a permanent recording of my interaction with the people in that area (Caulfield, C. (2011).

Personal interview

In-depth interview was a preliminarily step in the research process, which helped in generating hypothesis concerning the topic. The two interviews that were conducted were informal; hence, it was entirely possible to be controlled by a specific set of detailed questions prepared beforehand. As a current student-athlete I was under strict guidelines of a pre-determined set of issues. The main aim of applying this method was to find how people think and how they react pertaining to the issue/topic of the college sports and professional team town lifestyle (Caulfield, C. (2011). From my interviews, I was able to encourage people to interact and freely talk about the overall subject. However, I collected points that become of interest to my research. I also allowed my respondent to express everything that they feel about the topic. Before I initiated the process of analyzing and interpreting the data, I had to go through thoroughly my transcript. This, therefore, took more hours of often in laborious work. From the type of interviews, decisions and behavior understudy was complex.

The result from the findings

In the area of study, I was able to assemble different views from different people. However, a significant number of people opted for a living style in Professional sports town. However, there was a small group of people who supported the residing form of those that live in the college town. I was, therefore, in a better position of analyzing my results and presented it in a balanced manner (Caulfield, C. (2011). Meaning I become a strong advocate of both lifestyles. Below entail findings that rose during my research at the area of study.

From my research, the level of development became a significant and important issue that people used while giving out their arguments concerning the subject. Both living styles become favorable to those accommodating around that town since I was able to get a number of people who helped in these areas. Therefore, they were arguing positioning themselves at personal experiences. Those who assisted in college town were able to secure various advantages in terms of development-wise. The level of education resources to those living in the college town was in high supply (Caulfield, C. (2011). Meaning these people were in a position of moving forward to their education sector. On the other hand, those who lived in the Professional sports town benefited in terms of sporting development and also they were in a position of developing their level of talents and hence promoting the development of the respective community economically.

Therefore, both living style in both towns has created a positive impact on the society and the nation itself. However, there will be imbalance level of development. For example, those living in the Professional sports town will not face development in terms of education since people around those towns will only focus in the sports and eventually end up foregoing the education level while those living in the college may only put more of their efforts in education and end up forgetting other essential activities such as sports activities. Therefore, these towns will bring up people who shall be deficient in sporting activities, eventually leading to reduced development in terms of sporting activities (Caulfield, C. (2011).

Living standards became other important issue used by those whom I personally interviewed while carrying out my research. Those who lived in the college town and in Professional village were able to experience a positive impact on their living standards. Since these people were focused on specializing on one thing that was available, this, therefore, made them end up being experts in those areas eventually they took an interest in (Ferris, Eric (2004). Finally, these people were able to impact their living standards by taking several activities and perform them in return of being compensated by those they have worked for. Out of this simple action, they were able to secure some cash to satisfy their need and eventually improving their living standards.

For example, those who lived in the professional sports town were able to specialize in sporting activities, which made them end up becoming experts in the sporting activities eventually. So they would end up in engaging in the sporting competition. In these competitions, they were able to secure some cash rewards which would help them to satisfy their future and current needs, the players are who I am referring to. (Ferris, Eric, 2004).

Discussion and conclusions

From my research, I found out that people were focused mainly on the level of development and their level of living standards. These two key issues have become critical factors as to where people would wish to live at a particular town. Development factor is a vast area to look into since many factors and sectors are involved. This includes personal development, economic development, education development and sporting development. Both people living in these two towns are able to experience various type of development; however, there will be imbalance level of development (Ferris, Eric (2004). Living standards are another crucial issue used by people while expressing their point. People opted to live in areas where there would be an improvement in their level of living standards. From my research, I was able to find out that in both towns, there was an improvement in the living standards of people. Meaning those who lived in these areas were able to add value in terms of their living standards.

Understanding people choices is a difficult thing to do until you carry out severe and essential research from them. Meaning you have to discuss one on one to obtain their views of the idea. This put me in a better position since I have been able to correct various opinions from people who lived in my area of study. I was able to interview a few people who had personal experience with the subject meaning I was in a position of collecting better quality data (Ferris, Eric, 2004).

From my research and direct finding from people, I have been able to assemble critical factors that relate to each other. The key elements include changes that arose to the people living in these two towns and a positive impact given out by people living in these two towns. Both pieces of research brought about issues concerning the living standards among people living in these two towns and also their level of development in the two cities.

Implication

The living style in both college town and professional sporting has resulted in various consequences to the society both positive one and negatives ones. A favorable impact is that they both promote a positive development to the organization and the economy. Meaning chances of new opportunities will arise hence increasing level of job opportunities to the economy (Kamens, D. H, 1971). Another favorable implication is that there will be an invention of new skills and innovating of new benefiting ideas among people. People will also be in a capacity of acquiring new knowledge and therefore end up solving various problems facing them in day to day life. Negative implication is that there will be imbalance level of development (Kamens, D. H, 1971). Also, there will be imbalance sharing of resources among people in society. This is because those living in the college town will have easy access to educational resources as compared to those living in the professional sporting town.

From my own view, I would encourage interaction among people living in the college town with people living in the professional sporting town. This will help in sharing of available resources hence putting a human being in a position of acquiring all different necessary skills available. Through this, there will be promotion balance development and sharing of resources across the economy (Kamens, D. H, 1971).

Out of imbalance level of development in the economy and sharing of resources, researches will be forced to come up with the better research results on how to eradicate this issue. This, therefore, put this subject into a position of developing a new direction for future research. Through this future research, there will be a high impact and positive results to the community and the economy itself.

References

Adler, P. A., & Adler, P. (1991). Backboards and blackboards: College athletes and role engulfment. New York: Columbia University Press.

Anderson, A., & South, D. (2000). Racial differences in collegiate recruitment, retention and graduation rates. In D. Brooks &R. Althouse (Eds.), Racism in college athletics (2nd ed., pp. 155-169). Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology, Inc.

Broughton, E. (2001, March 3-7). Counselling and support services for college student-athletes. Paper presented at the American College Personnel Association, Boston, MA.

Caulfield, C. (2011). Promoting academics: Student-athlete role models in the media. Black History Bulletin, 74(1), and 21-26.

Ferris, Eric (2004). "Academic Fit of Student-Athletes: An Analysis of NCAA Division 1-A Graduation Rates." Research in Higher Education: 555–575.

Kamens, D. H. (1971). The college charter and college size. Effects on occupational choice and college attrition. Sociology of Education, 44, 270-296.