Running head: Land Use Change
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Land Use Change 2
The concept of sustainability is an approach that is very wide. Everybody is talking about
this concept, especially in an era where problems caused by different human activities are in
need of serious solutions (Herremans, & Reid, 2002). Sustainability directs attention towards
sustaining the requirements of the present short of interfering with the capability of generations
to come to sustain their requirements as well. There are three pillars that make up the concept of
sustainability. These pillars are economic, social and environmental. Informally, the pillars are
known as profit, people, and the planet.
To understand the concept of sustainability, one has to look at some of its characteristics.
The concept has two characteristics. The first characteristic is that sustainable development is
people-centered. It means that it has the goal of improving the quality of human life. Still, under
this characteristic, the concept is conservation-based since it is organized by the need to
recognize the ability of nature to offer life-supporting services and resources (Dixon & Fallon,
1999). Through this perspective, it means that sustainable development is after advancing the
quality of life even as things are living in the bounds of the carrying capacity important for
maintaining the ecosystem.
The second characteristic of the concept of sustainability is that sustainable development
becomes an established concept. This concept symbolizes benchmarks of behavior and judgment
that are to be followed since human society and community are trying to fulfill its needs of well-
being and survival (Marshall & Toffel, 2005).
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Land Use Change 3
The general definition of sustainability must be appropriately understood to have a more
operational concept of sustainability that can be recommended when it comes to daily life as well
as detailed consequences. There needs to be a close interaction between people and the
The community under consideration is a Northern Maine community. Northern Maine is
located in the Northeastern part of the country. This region is covered by 3.5 million acres of
forest, and it is bordered by Canada to the West and North. There are many parts of the state of
Maine that are thinly populated. Some of the individuals here are private industrial owners and
private individuals. There are also the state government agencies in the area. The area of
Northern Maine that I am considering is between the town of Mount Katahdin and Monson.
While heading to Northern Maine, down this route, there are neither supplies nor towns.
This place will be transformed to become a modern town. This means that different
housings are to be constructed. There will be the construction of a big shopping mall, single-
family houses (free-standing) and various types of multi-user (attached) dwellings. When it
comes to the infrastructure, essential facilities will have to be built, such as power supplies,
sewers, electricity grids, telecommunication, water supplies, and tunnels.
Impact of your community on land, wildlife, wilderness, and wetlands/how community will
affect each component
Another name for Northern Maine is The Northern Woods. This is because a significant
portion of the area is covered by forest. There has been only a small settlement in the area. The
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You may want to mention that
the community will be home
to 100,000 people, per week
five. [Tiffany Janson]
The sections in this report
are: land use, water, waste,
and energy. This is your
introduction. So you need to
add a sentence here stating
that you will provide plans for
all of these. You mention
them but you need a little
more detail. Give a preview of
your plans. Add in a sentence
or two introducing your plans
for land use, water, waste and
energy. [Tiffany Janson]
3. This is a very
straightforward and effective
introduction. Well done.
Continue to work on writing
thesis statements. I think this
page provides a good
Land Use Change 4
area had been reclaimed by wilderness. Building a new community in the area will call for
clearing some parts of the forest. This is necessary in order to make room for construction of
housing, a mall, and infrastructures. Doing this will affect the land negatively. There are some
modifications that will also have to be carried out on the landscape of the area so to have a look
of a town. Constructing structures and specific infrastructures, such as roads, sewers, and power
grids among others will interfere with the natural setting of the land (Randolph, 2004).
The forest in Northern Maine is home to various wildlife. Among the wildlife are white-
tailed deer, moose, black bears, otter, mink, marten, weasel, bobcat, coyotes, red fox, fisher,
porcupine, muskrat, red squirrel, snowshoe hare, and different varieties of birds. The natural
habitat of this wildlife will have to be affected by building the community in the area. Most of
the wildlife will have to be pushed deeper into the forest, that is, far away from the community.
There are other organisms that will lose their lives in the course of clearing the forest to create
room. Road construction and vehicle traffic in the area may lead to the killing of some
organisms, such as through car collision or while they are trying to cross the road that has been
constructed. \There will be a disruption in the migration patterns and foraging of wildlife.
The wilderness is an area that has usually been designated for preservation, especially in
its natural condition. Northern Maine had been reclaimed by wilderness. The land has been in its
natural state for a long time. However, this will have to change in some parts of the area. The
wilderness is usually biologically intact. However, after the construction begins, most of the
things are going to change about the area. The natural land will have to undergo a number of
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1. clearing some parts of
Will you need an EIS
performed on your
community? If the project
involves federal land or
funding then NEPA applies
and an EA/EIS may be
needed. The impacts, or
absence of impacts, would be
determined by an EA/EIS.
Questions to consider: What
types of housing materials will
you use (wood, brick,
concrete, metal, stucco, vinyl,
cob, earth, etc.)? Consider
the local resources available
at your location. Where will
the materials be sourced
from? Are the materials
renewable? How will the local
economy be affected by your
choices? [Tiffany Janson]
What major laws are in place
that protect resources,
ecosystems and organisms?
(Hint: the Endangered
Species Act would be one law
that could be discussed in the
Land Use section.) Take a
look at this list:
4. pushed deeper into the
forest, that is, far away from
How can you minimise the
impact to the wildlife?
Consider the following:
1. Concentrated/vertical city
designs verses sprawl. 2.
Wildlife corridors and bridges
to reduce deaths and
fragmenting. 3. Legal
expansion or hunting, for
example). [Tiffany Janson]
5. Road construction
You'll need to go into greater detail about your roads and transportation
systems. Most of the fossil fuels (and greatest source of pollution) in the US
are used in transportation. Please consider the following questions: How do
your roads affect wildlife? How do they affect water run-off and infiltration?
What is their albedo? Do they use non-renewable resources? Do they use
local resources? Do they require the use of heavy equipment? How much
maintenance do they need? Are they convenient for walking and biking (side-
walks and bike paths)? Are mass transit systems integrated? How is
vegetation integrated? Here is a short blog that might be helpful:
to-sustainable-road-design/ [Tiffany Janson]
typo [Tiffany Janson]
Land Use Change 5
With the construction of roads and urban development, some parts of the wetland in the
area will have to be affected negatively. Some of the activities will cause water dredging,
channelization, filling, destabilization of water delivery system, and excessive use of water in the
area. Also, there will be contamination as a result of the pollution of some wetland areas, due to
agricultural runoff and other activities. These activities will have to be limited so as not to cause
much pollution. The population that will be in the area will fully rely on the few sources of water
supplies for their daily activities. This means that there will be excessive use of water in the area.
To ensure sustainability of the land, wetlands, and wildlife in the area, there needs to be
the implementation of sustainable land management. This is about practicing and using
technologies that integrate the management of land, biodiversity, water, and other environmental
resources (Carter, 2002; Bindraban, Stoorvogel, Jansen, Vlaming, & Groot, 2000). This means
that the strategy will touch on land, wildlife, wilderness, and wetlands. Sustainable land
management in the new community will make it possible to meet the needs of humans while
making sure that the long-term sustainability of livelihood and the ecosystem. This means that
resources that are on the land will be put to good use. There will be minimum exploitation,
destruction, disruption, and killing of wildlife. All activities that are concerned with the
management of land will be covered by the sustainable land management. The use of land, as
well as developments that take place on the land, will be managed in the right way (Euliss Jr,
Smith, Wilcox, & Browne, 2008). This will be necessary to ensure a sustainable community.
How the community will not contribute to climate change
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1. agricultural runoff
How can agricultural runoff be
minimised? Consider buffer
strips and other methods.
Discuss soil and agriculture in
this section. A sustainable
community must attempt to
produce as much of its own
food as possible (crops and
animal products). This cuts
down of fossil fuels used to
transport foods and it also
benefits the community
economically. How will you
manage this? How will your
community provide 100,000
people with local and
sustainable food? How will
you maintain the health of the
soil? [Tiffany Janson]
Here you are covering the
"why" or the goals but not the
actual "how" of sustainable
land use. For this Capstone
Project, you really need to
focus on the how. With this
course you really want to
explore the nuts and bolts of
sustainable designs. So that
being said... How will your
community change the land
use? How will wildlife be
affected? How will wetlands
be affected? Be detailed and
Then, how can you reduce
the impacts? Think walkable
urban designs, wildlife
crossing, buffer zones, etc.
Land Use Change 6
Sustainable management will help prevent climate change. This will be possible through
being energy efficient, making use of renewable power, trimming wastes that will be produced in
the area, ensuring those who are polluting the environment are paying or being fined, getting
every member of the community informed, and making sure that organizations advocating
sustainable development are supported.
Laws and regulation
Different laws will be implemented and adhered to with the intention of promoting
sustainable development and preventing climate change. The Pollution Prevention Act will be
employed to control different types of pollution. The Clean Air Act will be used to regulate
operations of power plants in the community. Other laws are those touching on green living and
Discussion surrounding economics
The plan relating to creating the new community will benefit the area economically. The area will develop, and there will be the availability of employment since there will be different infrastructures requiring a workforce. Also, there will be the production of different products because farming will be practiced. Different kinds of facilities will be brought closer to the people who are already living in the area. There will be a community economic development. This will encourage using local resources in a manner that promotes economic opportunities while enhancing social conditions in a way that is sustainable.
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What laws are in place that
ecosystems and organisms?
Take a look at this list:
What are the costs involved?
Who pays for it (Federal or
Can you find an example of
another city working towards
sustainability and discuss
their costs and economic
plan? [Tiffany Janson]
A sustainable community
must attempt to produce as
much of its own food as
possible (crops and animal
products). This cuts down of
fossil fuels used to transport
foods and it also benefits the
How will you manage this?
Land Use Change 7
Bindraban, P. S., Stoorvogel, J. J., Jansen, D. M., Vlaming, J., & Groot, J. J. R. (2000). Land
quality indicators for sustainable land management: proposed method for yield gap and
soil nutrient balance. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 81(2), 103-112.
Carter, M. R. (2002). Soil quality for sustainable land management. Agronomy Journal, 94(1),
Dixon, J. A., & Fallon, L. A. (1999). The concept of sustainability: origins, extensions, and
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Land Use Change 8
usefulness for policy. Society & Natural Resources, 2(1), 73-84.
Euliss Jr, N. H., Smith, L. M., Wilcox, D. A., & Browne, B. A. (2008). Linking ecosystem
processes with wetland management goals: charting a course for a sustainable future.
Wetlands, 28(3), 553-562.
Herremans, I. M., & Reid, R. E. (2002). Developing awareness of the sustainability concept. The
Journal of Environmental Education, 34(1), 16-20.
Marshall, J. D., & Toffel, M. W. (2005). Framing the elusive concept of sustainability: a
Randolph, J. (2004). Environmental land use planning and management. Island Press.
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Who is the publisher?
Is this a book? Which page
did you refer to? [Tiffany