Order 856358: How did the Cold War affect the politics of Germany and Italy?

First Year Politics Course PO51009D

UK and European Comparative Governance and Politics Module Guide

2017-2018

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Unit Description

This unit introduces students to the comparative approach to politics and government, in addition to establishing a foundation for the understanding of the politics and governance of three key European states: the UK, Germany, and Italy. The first half of the unit is focused on the UK, while the second half concentrates on the other two countries at the unit’s core. Some reference will be made in both parts of the course to the politics of the European Union and the Cold War. Students will not only build an essential foundation for studying the politics of the UK/EU polity in which we live, but will also develop their knowledge of the use of comparative methods for the study of politics.

Teaching arrangements

Lectures and seminars

The lectures are held in both the Spring and Autumn term at 9am on Fridays.

Seminar attendance is compulsory. You can check which module you have been assigned to on-line at: https://mytimetable.gold.ac.uk/SWS/2016-17/login.aspx

Feedback / Office hours

All the staff teaching on this module have regular office hours in term time. You are welcome to talk to us about any aspect of the module. Our office hours are on the VLe.

Aims and Learning Outcomes

Aims

The aims of this unit are to:

· introduce the politics and governance of the UK, Germany, and Italy since 1945

· familiarise students with the comparative method in political science

Learning outcomes

After completing this unit, students will be able to:

· demonstrate foundation knowledge and understanding of the political systems of the UK, Germany, and Italy

· demonstrate foundation knowledge and understanding of the political history of the European Union and the Cold War

· show familiarity with a range of secondary source materials

Advice

Please see the unit lecturers/tutors if you have any problems or just want a chat about the unit – we are really happy to see people! Details of when, where and how to get hold of us are on the first page.

Assessment

This course is assessed by two coursework essays of 2,000- 2,500 words, each worth 50% of the total. Details of the arrangements for the submission of the coursework essays can be found in the Student Handbook. Students may be required to give short presentations in the seminars, depending on the seminar tutor.

Virtual Learning Environment (VLE)

This unit has a site on the college’s Virtual Learning Environment which contains:

· PowerPoint lecture slides (posted on the VLE before the lecture to aid note- taking)

· Facts and figures on general election results, major office holders and party leaders, that you will find a useful resource for the course.

There is also a Politics Virtual Office on the VLE which contains material such as citations guides so that your essays are properly referenced.

Reading

The lecture programme can only offer a number of angles on what is a wide-ranging subject area. It is therefore very important that students read as widely as possible. There are plenty of sources of information for this course. For the first half of the course, students may find it useful to look at:

· R. Grayson, British Politics: a beginner’s guide, One World, 2010

· R. Leach et al, British Politics, Palgrave, 2011

· R. Heffernan et al., (eds), Developments in British Politics 10, Palgrave, 2016. For the second half of the unit, students are recommended to purchase the following:

· D. P. Conradt, The German Polity (Houghton, Mifflin, Harcourt, 9th edn., 2009 (previous editions by Longman)

· G.K .Roberts, German Politics Today. 3rd Edition (Manchester University Press, 2016)

· John Foot, Modern Italy, Second Edition (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014)

· James L. Newell, The Politics of Italy, (CUP, 2010)

Useful comparative analyses of the whole unit are:

· Y. Mény and A. Knapp, Government and Politics in Western Europe: Britain, France ,

Italy, Germany (Oxford University Press, 1998).

· M. M. L. Crepaz and J. Steiner, European Democracies, (Longman, London, Sixth Edition, 2009).

And good historical overviews of Europe since 1945 are:

· Tom Buchanan, Europe’s Troubled Peace 1945-2000, Blackwell, 2012 (second edition).

· Tony Judt, Postwar. A History of Europe since 1945, William Heinemann, 2005.

Lecture Topics

Part 1: Britain and the EU

1. Introduction: the study of British politics

2. Building post-war Britain 1: from war to welfare, 1939-51

3. Building post-war Britain 2: ‘consensus’ to crisis, circa 1951-1979

4. Building post-war Britain 3: Thatcherism, 1979-97

5. Britain since Thatcher: from New Labour to the Coalition, 1997-

Reading week

6. ‘The Westminster Model’ and its decline

7. Parties and voting

8. Theories of representation: Women and ethnic minorities in British Politics

9. Participation, pressure groups and social movements

10. Britain in the world

Part 2: Germany and Italy

11. Building post-war democracies 1: Fascism and Nazism

12. Building post-war democracies 2: Germany and Italy, 1945-55

13. Building post-war democracies 3: European integration and consolidation of democracy 1955-90

14. Germany and Italy, 1989-2014

15. Comparative institutions and constitutions

Reading week

16. Comparative governments

17. Comparative political cultures

18. Comparative parties and party systems

19. German Federalism vs Italian Regionalism

20. Comparative social movements

Seminars

Attendance in seminars is compulsory. The seminars enable students to discuss the topics covered in the lectures and give short presentations if required by the seminar tutor. Where short presentations are required, questions and suggested reading can be found on the VLE.

Essay Questions

Each essay contributes 50% to your overall assessment. Do not write your name on it, only your student number.

Essays should include a full bibliography of works consulted or referred to in the essay. Reference should be in either the Harvard or MHRA format – both of which are available in the ‘Citations’ section of the Politics Virtual Office on the VLE. Works

should be placed in alphabetical order and give details of author(s), title, publisher and date of publication. You must also cite your sources and ensure that any quotations are referenced by page location. Essays must be expressed in your own words and incorporate your own ideas. Plagiarism - the presentation of another person's thoughts or words as your own - must be avoided. You should consult the section on assessed coursework in the Student Handbook for further guidance.

Essay questions are available on the VLE

Lecture Programme & Reading List

PART ONE: THE UK

1. Introduction: the study of British politics

No seminar reading

If you have time, and especially if you are unfamiliar with British politics, it would be worth reading a good overview, such as Richard Grayson’s, British Politics: a beginner’s guide, One World, 2010.

2. Building post-war Britain 1: from war to welfare, 1939-51

Seminar Reading

Kevin Jeffreys, ‘Rebuilding Post-war Britain: Conflicting Views of the Attlee Governments, 1945-51’, new perspective, 3(3), March 1998. Available at

<http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/~semp/conflict.htm>

Further reading

Paul Addison, The Road to 1945 (1994).

Brian Brivati & Harriet Jones eds., What Difference did the War Make? (1993). Angus Calder, The People’s War (1992).

Peter Hennessy, Never Again: Britain, 1945-1951 (1992).

Kevin Jefferys, The Churchill Coalition and Wartime Politics, 1940-45 (1991). B Jones et al., Politics UK, 7th edn, Ch. 2

R Leach, et al, British Politics 2nd edn., Ch. 2

Kenneth O. Morgan, Britain since 1945: The People’s Peace (2001), Chapters 1-3

3. Building post-war Britain 2: consensus to crisis? circa 1951-1979

Seminar reading

Dennis Kavanagh, ‘The Postwar Consensus’, Twentieth Century British History, 3(2), 1992

Further reading

Anthony Butler, ‘The End of the Post-war Consensus: Reflections on Scholarly Uses of Political Rhetoric’, Political Quarterly, 64(4), 1993

Colin Hay, ‘The Winter of Discontent Thirty Years On’, The Political Quarterly, 80(4), October-December 2009

Kevin Hickson, ‘The Postwar Consensus Revisited’, Political Quarterly, 75(2), 2004 Kenneth O. Morgan, Britain since 1945: The People’s Peace (2001), Chapters 4-8. David Dutton, British Politics Since 1945: The Rise and Fall of Consensus (1991).

Harriet Jones & Michael Kandiah eds., The Myth of Consensus: New Views on British History, 1945-64 (1996).

R Leach, et al, British Politics 2nd edn., Ch. 2

David Marquand & Anthony Seldon eds., The Ideas that Shaped Post-war Britain (1996).

H. Pemberton and L. Black., ‘The Winter of Discontent in British Politics’, British Academy Review, 13, June 2009. Available at:

<http://www.britac.ac.uk/pubs/review/13/index.cfm>

4. Building post-war Britain 3: Thatcherism, 1979-97

Seminar reading

Daniel Wincott, ‘Thatcher: Ideological or Pragmatic’, Contemporary Record, 4(2), November 1990

Further reading

Andrew Gamble, Britain in Decline (1990).

Andrew Gamble, The Free Economy and the Strong State (1988). Ian Gilmour, Dancing with Dogma: Britain under Thatcherism (1993). Stuart Hall & Martin Jacques, New Times (1989).

Dennis Kavanagh & Anthony Seldon eds., The Thatcher Effect (1989

Peter Kellner, ‘Why the Tories were Trounced’, Parliamentary Affairs 50, 4 (1997), pp.

616-630.

R Leach, et al, British Politics 2nd edn., Ch. 2 and 21

Margaret Thatcher The Downing Street Years and The Path to Power (1993 & 1995). Hugo Young, One of Us: A Biography of Margaret Thatcher (1993).

5. Britain since Thatcher: from New Labour to the Coalition, 1997-

Seminar reading

Andrew Chadwick & Richard Heffernan, The New Labour Reader (2003), Introduction

Further reading: New Labour

Andrew Chadwick & Richard Heffernan, The New Labour Reader (2003).

John Callaghan, Steven Fielding & Steve Ludlam eds., Interpreting the Labour Party: approaches to Labour politics and history (2003)

James Cronin, New Labour’s Pasts (2004).

Anthony Giddens, The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy (1998).

Philip Gould, The Unfinished Revolution: How Modernisers saved the Labour Party

(1999).

Richard Heffernan, New Labour and Thatcherism: Political Change in Britain (2001). B Jones et al., Politics UK, 7th edn., Appendix

Simon Jenkins, Thatcher and Sons: A Revolution in Three Acts (2007).

Further reading: the Coalition

Tim Bale, The Conservative Party from Thatcher to Cameron (Updated and Revised Paperback) (Cambridge: Polity Press) (2011)

Andrew Denham, Peter Dorey, Mark Garnett (eds.) From Crisis to Coalition: The Conservative Party, 1997-2010 (2011)

Simon Griffiths, ‘What was Progressive in Progressive Conservatism?’, Political Studies Review (January 2014)

Richard Hayton, Reconstructing Conservatism, (MUP), 2013

R. Heffernan et al. (eds.), Developments in British Politics 9, 2011, Introduction Heppell, T. and Seawright, D. (eds.), (2012) Cameron and the Conservatives: The Transition to Coalition Government (Basingstoke: Palgrave).

Simon Lee and Matt Beech (eds.), The Conservatives under David Cameron: Built to Last? (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), 2009

Simon Lee and Matt Beech, The Cameron-Clegg Government: Coalition politics in an age of austerity (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), 2011

Donald Sassoon, ‘European Social Democracy and New Labour: Unity in Diversity?’,

Political Quarterly, 70, s1 (1999), pp. 19-36.

6. The Westminster Model and its decline

Seminar Reading

Dunleavy, Patrick (2006) The Westminster model and the distinctiveness of British politics. In: Dunleavy, Patrick, Hay, C.,Heffernan, R. and Cowley, P., (eds.), Developments in British politics 8. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, UK, pp. 315-341.

Further reading

R Brazier, Reshaping the British Political System 2008

V Bogdanor, The Coalition and the Constitution, Hart, 2011, ch. 7

P. Dorey, Policy Making in Britain: An introduction, Sage, 2014 (second edition), ch. 6 J Mitchell, 'The Westminster Model and the state of the unions', Parliamentary Affairs

63 (1), 2010, pp. 85-8.

M Flinders, ‘The Half-hearted Constitutional Revolution’, in Patrick Dunleavy et al (eds.),

Developments in British Politics 8, 2006

A Gamble, 'Remaking the Constitution', in P Dunleavy et al (eds), Developments in British Politics 7.

David Judge, Political Institutions in the United Kingdom, Ch. 1 & pp. 24-32. D Kavanagh et al., British Politics, Ch. 3.

R Leach, B Coxall & L Robins, British Politics 2nd edn., Ch. 18.

Michael Moran, Politics and Governance in the UK 2nd edn., Ch. 6,9. D Oliver, Constitutional Reform in the United Kingdom, Chs.1, 2 & 3.

D. Richards, ‘Changing patterns of executive governance’, in R. Heffernan et al. (eds.),

Developments in British Politics 9, 2011

R.A.W. Rhodes, Understanding Governance.

R.A.W. Rhodes and Mark Bevir, Interpreting British Governance.

D Richards & M J Smith, Governance and Public Policy in the UK, pp.4 & 47-9.

M Russell, ‘Constitutional politics’, in R. Heffernan et al., (eds.), Developments in British Politics 9.

Various authors, ‘Special issue: Constitutional Affairs in Parliamentary Affairs 62, 4, 2009

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7. Elections and voting: who do we vote for and why?

Seminar reading

D Denver, ‘Elections and Voting’, in R. Heffernan et al., (eds.), Developments in British Politics 9, Palgrave Macmillan 2011

Further reading

J Bartle and S Laycock, ‘Elections and Voting’, in Patrick Dunleavy et al (eds.),

Developments in British Politics 8, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006

H Clarke, D Sanders, M Stewart, and P Whiteley, Performance Politics and the British Voter, 2009

D Denver, 'The results: How Britain voted', Parliamentary Affairs 63 (4), 2010, pp. 588- 606

D Denver, Elections and Voters in Britain, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, pp. 18-25.

G Evans and P Norris (eds.), Critical Elections: British Parties and Voters in Long-Term Perspectives 1999

B Jones et al., Politics UK, 7th edn, 2010, 6-11 & 21.

Dennis Kavanagh and Philip Cowley, The British General Election of 2010 (Palgrave, 2010)

D Kavanagh et al., British Politics, Ch.20

R. Leach et al, British Politics, Ch 5

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8. Theories of representation: Women and ethnic minorities in British Politics

Seminar reading

R Campbell et al. (2010) 'Do women need women representatives?', British Journal of Political Science 40, pp. 171-94.

Further reading

V Bryson, Feminist Debates, Palgrave Macmillan, 1999

R Campbell, “The Politics of Diversity” in R. Heffernan et al., (eds.), Developments in British Politics 9

S Childs, J Lovenduski & R Campbell, Women at the Top, Chapters 2 & 3, 2005 Hansard Society, Changing Numbers, Changing Politics?, 2005. Available at:

<http://www.hansardsociety.org.uk/blogs/downloads/archive/2007/08/23/Wo men-at-the-Top-2005.aspx>

R Leach et al., British Politics, 2nd edn. 2011, Ch. 22. J Lovenduski, Feminizing Politics, Polity Press, 2005

J Mansbridge, Should Blacks Represent Blacks and Women Represent Women? A Contingent "Yes". The Journal of Politics, 61 (3), 1999, pp. 628-657

A Philips, The Politics of Presence, Clarendon Press, 1995

HF Pitkin, The Concept of Representation, University of California Press, 1967 B Sones, M Moran & J Lovenduski, Women in Parliament, The New Suffragettes, Politicos, 2005

W Stokes, Women in Contemporary Politics, Polity Press, 2005

9. Participation, pressure groups and social movements

Seminar reading:

W Grant, ‘Pressure politics: A politics of collective consumption?’ Parliamentary Affairs 58 (2), pp. 366-79

Recommended reading

T Bentley, Everyday Democracy, Demos, 2005. Available at:

<http://www.demos.co.uk/files/everydaydemocracy.pdf> I Budge et al., The New British Politics, 4th edn, Chs. 13, 17 & 18.

R Heffernan, ‘Pressure group politics’, in R. Heffernan et al., (eds.), Developments in British Politics 9.

B Jones et al., Politics UK, 7th edn., Chapters 9, 10 & 11. R Leach et al., British Politics, 2nd edn. 2011, Ch. 8.

M Moran, Politics and Governance in the UK, 2nd ed. 2011, Ch. 8. W Grant, Pressure Groups and British Politics.

G Jordan, 'Politics without parties: a growing trend?', Parliamentary Affairs, July 1998. The Power Commission, Power to the People: The Report of Power: An Independent

Inquiry into Britain’s Democracy, The POWER Inquiry, 2006. Available at:

<http://makeitanissue.org.uk/devlog/2007/01/the_power_commission_was_est ab.php>

G Stoker, Why Politics Matters, Palgrave Macmillan 2006

G Stoker, “Anti-Politics in Britain” in R. Heffernan et al., (eds.), Developments in British Politics 9

Unlock Democracy, Taking the Initiative: The Case for Citizen-Led Decision Making, 2007.

Available at: <http://www.unlockdemocracy.org.uk/wp- content/uploads/2007/08/text.pdf>

10. Britain in the world: Empire, Europe and globalization

Seminar reading:

Michael Moran, Politics and Governance in the UK (2015), Ch. 11

Recommended reading

I. Bache & Andrew Jordan eds., The Europeanization of British Politics (2006).

T. Buchanan, Europe’s Troubled Peace 1945-2000, Blackwell, 2012 (second edition).

P. Dorey, Policy Making in Britain: An introduction, Sage, 2014 (second edition), ch. 7 B Jones et al., Politics UK, 7th edn., Chapter 2, 25 and 27

A. Gamble, “And Another Thing ... The Legacy of Empire” in B Jones et al., Politics UK, 7th edn

A. Gamble, “Britain in the World” in R. Heffernan et al. (eds.), Developments in British Politics 9, 2011

T. Judt, Postwar. A History of Europe since 1945, William Heinemann, 2005. D Kavanagh et al., British Politics, chs. 6-9 and 31

R. Leach et al., British Politics, chs. 15 and 24

N. Rees, “European Integration and the European Union” in B Jones et al., Politics UK, 7th edn., Ch. 27

L. Thorlakson, “Britain’s Place in the European Union” in in R. Heffernan et al. (eds.),

Developments in British Politics 9, 2011

PART TWO: GERMANY AND ITALY

11. Building post-war democracies 1: Fascism and Nazism

Recommended reading

D. P. Conradt, The German Polity, Longman, 2009, pp. 1-16.

G. K. Roberts, German Politics Today, MUP, 2016, pp. 1-23.

James L. Newell, The Politics of Italy. Governance in a Normal Country, CUP, 2010. pp. 9- 46.

Further reading

D. Sassoon, Contemporary Italy. Introduction and chs 1-4, 5, 8

Martin Bull and James Newell, Italian Politics: Adjustment under Duress, London: Polity, 2005, Chs 1 & 2

M. Fulbrook (ed.), German History since 1800, Arnold, 1997, Chs. 8-15; 16-17.

J. Stephenson, ‘The rise of the Nazis: Sonderweg or spanner in the works?’, in M. Fulbrook (ed.), German History since 1800, Arnold, 1997, pp. 318-65.

G. Martel (ed.), Modern Germany Reconsidered 1870 –1945, Chs. 1, 2, 6, 9, 10, 12.

M. Roseman, ‘National Socialism and modernisation’, in R. Bessel (ed.), Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, Cambridge University Press, 1996, pp. 197-229.

G. Smith, Democracy in Western Germany, Dartmouth, 1990, pp. 1-43.

M. Fulbrook, Germany 1918-1990. The Divided Nation, Fontana, London 1991, pp. 129- 348.

Carl Levy, 'From Fascism to “Post-Fascists”: Italian Roads to Modernity', in R. Bessel (ed.), Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany: Comparisons and Contrasts, CUP, 1996, pp. 165-196.

R. Absalom, Italy since 1800. A Nation in the Balance? Longman, 1995. Chs 1-7, 12

M. Clark, Modern Italy, 1871-1995. 2nd Edn. Longman, 1996. Parts 1-4

G. Nowell-Smith, ‘Italy: Tradition, Backwardness and Modernity’ in Z. G. Barański and R. Lumley (eds), Culture and Conflict in Postwar Italy, Macmillan, 1990.

Koff & Koff, Italy: From the First to the Second Republic. Routledge, 2000. Ch. 3

P. O’Dochartaigh, Germany since 1945, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, pp. 1-36.

12. Building post-war democracies 2: Germany and Italy 1945-55

Recommended reading

M. Roseman, ‘Division and stability: the Federal Republic of Germany, 1949-1989’, in M. Fulbrook (ed.), German History since 1800, Arnold, 1997, pp. 365-90.

G. K. Roberts, German Politics Today, 2016, pp. 36-51.

Klaus Larres and Panikos Panayi (eds.), The Federal Republic of Germany since 1949, Longman, London, 1996, pp. 3-34; 74-168.

Paul Ginsborg, A Contemporary History of Italy. Society and Politics 1943-1988, Penguin, 1990, Chapters 3-6.

H. Partridge, Italian Politics Today. Manchester UP, 1998. Ch. 1, 6, 7, 8

Erik Jones and Gianfranco Pasquino (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics, OUP, 2015, pp. pp. 255-267.

13. Building post-war democracies 3: European integration and consolidation of democracy 1955-90

Recommended Reading

D. P. Conradt, The German Polity, 2009, pp. 17-40.

Geoffrey K. Roberts, German Politics Today, mUP, 2016, pp. 1-23.

P. McCarthy, The Crisis of the Italian State. From the Origins of the Cold War to the Fall of Berlusconi. Macmillan, 1995. Esp. chs 1, 2, 8

C. Duggan, ‘Italy in the Cold War Years and the Legacy of Fascism’ in C. Duggan and C. Wagstaff (eds), Italy in the Cold War. Politics, Culture & Society, 1948-58. Berg, 1995.

D. W. Ellwood, ‘Italy, Europe and the Cold War: The Politics and Economics of Limited Sovereignty’ in C. Duggan and C. Wagstaff (eds), Italy in the Cold War. Politics, Culture & Society, 1948-58. Berg, 1995.

Paul Ginsborg, A Contemporary History of Italy. Society and Politics 1943-1988, Penguin, 1990, chapters, 7-11.

Erik Jones and Gianfranco Pasquino (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics, pp. 268-308.

G. J. Glaessner German Democracy, pp.43-64.

Further reading

G J Glaessner, Germany Democracy, Berg, 2005, pp.1-10

M. Fulbrook (ed.), German History since 1800, Arnold, 1997, pp. 365- 476.

P. Pulzer, ‘Model or Exception - Germany as a Normal State?’, in Gordon Smith et.al. (eds.), Developments in German Politics 2, Macmillan, 1996, pp. 303-16.

G. Smith et al. (eds.), Developments in German Politics 2, Macmillan, 1996, pp. 194-232.

K. Larres and P. Panayi (eds.)., The Federal Republic of Germany since 1949, Longman, 1996, pp. 191-208.

P. Ginsborg 'Explaining Italy's crisis' in S. Gundle & S. Parker (eds), The New Italian Republic. Routledge, 1996, pp.19-39.

D. Sassoon, Contemporary Italy. 2nd Edn. Longman, 1997. Ch. 5

Martin Bull and James Newell, Italian Politics: Adjustment under Duress, London: Polity, 2005, Ch 1

R. Absalom, Italy since 1800. A Nation in the Balance? Longman, 1995. Ch. 12

M. Clark, Modern Italy, 1871-1995. 2nd Edn. Longman, 1996. Part 4: ch. 20

S. Gundle & S. Parker (eds), The New Italian Republic: From the Fall of the Berlin Wall to Berlusconi. Routledge, 1996.

P. McCarthy, The Crisis of the Italian State. From the Origins of the Cold War to the Fall of Berlusconi. Macmillan, 1995. Ch. 8

H. Partridge, Italian Politics Today. Manchester UP, 1998. Ch. 8

Anna Cento Bull and Adalgisa Giorgio (eds.), Speaking Out and Silencing. Culture, Society and Politics in Italy in the 1970s, Legenda, London, 2006.

14. Germany and Italy, 1989-2016

Recommended Reading

Tom Buchanan, Europe’s Troubled Peace 1945-1950, (Blackwell, 2012), Chapter 11, 12. Tony Judt, Postwar. A History of Europe since 1945 (William Hennemann 2005).

C. Levy, 'Racism, Immigration and New Identities in Italy', in A. Mammone, E. G. Parini and G. A. Veltri (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Italy. History, politics, society, Routledge, 2015, pp. 49-63.

Special Section; The State of Italy- A Conference held at the Watson Institute for International Studies 29-30 October 2013, Brown University’, Journal of Modern Italy, 19, 4, 2014, pp. 375-423.

A. Mammone and Giuseppe A. Veltri (eds.), Italy Today. The Sick Man of Europe, Routledge, 2010.

A. Mammone, Ercole Giap Parini, and Giuseppe A. Veltri (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Italy. History. Politics, Society, Routledge, 2015.

John Foot, Modern Italy, Second Edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, pp. 235-247. James L. Newell, The Politics of Italy, CUP, 2010, Chap 1.

David P. Conradt, The German Polity, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2009, Chap. 2.

J. K. Anderson, ‘Modell Deutschland: from the Bonn to the Berlin Republic’, in S. Colvin and M. Taplin (eds), The Routledge Handbook of German Politics & Culture, Routledge, 2015 pp. 71-84.

M. Cotta & L. Verzichelli, Political Institutions in Italy, OUP, 2007, pp. 255-261.

G. Roberts, German Politics Today, MUP, 2016, Chapters 2, 10-11.

S. Green et .al., The Politics of the New Germany, Routledge, 2007.

P. O)’ Dochartaigh, Germany since 1945, Plagrave Macmillan, 2004, pp. 178-257.

M. G. Schmidt, Political Institutions in the Federal Republic of Germany, OUP, 2007, Chapters 6-7.

D. Conradt, The German Polity, Longman, 2009, Chapters 7-9. James L .Newell, The Politics of Italy, CUP, 2010, Chapters 2-4.

Erik Jones and Gianfranco Pasquino (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics, OUP, 2015, pp. 309-340.

15. Comparative Institutions and Constitutions

Recommended Reading

Conradt, The German Polity, Longman, 2009, Chapters 7-9.

G. K. Roberts, German Politics Today, 2016, Chapters 3, 7-8.

James L. Newell, The Politics of Italy, CUP, 2010, Chapters 2-4. John Foot, Modern Italy, Second Edition, Chapter 2.

Ercole Giap Parini, and Giuseppe A. Veltri (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Italy, Routledge, Chapters 8, 18.

Eric Langenbacher, ‘The Political and Constitutional Order’, S. Colvin and M. Taplin (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of German Politics & Culture, Routledge, 2015, pp. 87-104.

Erik Jones and Gianfranco Pasquino (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics, OUP, pp. 71-131.

Further Reading

M. G. Schmidt, Political Institutions in the Federal Republic of Germany OUP, 2003, Chapters 2-4.

G. K. Roberts, German Politics Today, Manchester University Press, 2009. Chapters 3-7.

K. H. Goetz 'Government at the Centre' in S Padgett et al. (eds) Developments in German Politics 3, 2003, pp. 17-37

D. Sassoon, Contemporary Italy. 2nd Edn. Longman, 1997. Ch. 11 and Ch. 12

R. J. Dalton, Politics in Germany, Harper Collins, 1993, second edition, pp. 349-53.

G. J. Glaessner German Democracy, Berg, 2005, ch.5

W. E. Paterson and D. Southern, Governing Germany, Blackwell, 1991, chs 3 & 6.

G. Smith et. al. (ed.), Developments in German Politics 2, Macmillan, 1996, chs. 2 & 7.

G. Smith, Democracy in Western Germany, Dartmouth, 1986, ch. 2.

D. Hine, Governing Italy, Oxford UP, 1993, Ch. 5 and 6

P. Furlong, Modern Italy: Representation and Reform. Routledge, 1994. Ch. 3-6

H. Partridge, Italian Politics Today. Manchester UP, 1998. Ch. 2 and 4

C. Levy, Italian Regionalism: History, Identity and Politics, Berg, 1996.

Martin Bull and James Newell, Italian Politics: Adjustment under Duress, London: Polity, 2005, Chs 3-6.

M. Cotta & L. Verzichelli, Political Institutions in Italy, OUP, 2007, pp. Chapters, 4-6, 8.

16. Comparative Governments

Recommended Reading

D. P. Conradt, The German Polity, Houghton Miflin Harcourt, 2009, Chapters 7-9.

G. K. Roberts, German Politics Today, MUP, 2016, Chapters 3, 7-8.

James L. Newell, The Politics of Italy, CUP. 2010, Chapters 2-4.

Erik Jones and Gianfranco Pasquino (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics, OUP, 2015, pp. 71-131.

Further reading

M. G. Schmidt, Political Institutions in the Federal Republic of Germany, OUP. 2007, Chapters 2-4,

K. H. Goetz 'Government at the Centre' in S Padgett et al. (eds) Developments in German Politics 3, 2003, pp. 17-37

G. K. Roberts, German Politics Today, Manchester University Press, 2009, pp. Chapters 3-8.

G. Andrews Not a normal country: Italy after Berlusconi, Pluto Press, 2005, pp.17-40

P. Ginsborg Silvio Berlusconi, Verso, 2004, chapter 5

C. Clemens and W. Paterson, The Kohl Chancellorship, Frank Cass, 1998

W. E. Paterson and D. Southern, Governing Germany, Blackwell, ch. 7.

G. Smith, Democracy in Western Germany, Dartmouth, 1990, ch. 2.

G. Smith “The Resources of a German Chancellor”, West European Politics, vol. 14, no. 2, 1991

J. Foot Modern Italy Palgrave, 2003, 164-173

P. Furlong, Modern Italy: Representation and Reform. Routledge, 1994. Ch. 5

P. Ginsborg ‘The ambitions of Silvio B’ New Left Review 21, 2003, pp.21-64

D. Hine, Governing Italy, Oxford UP, 1993, Ch. 7

H. Partridge, Italian Politics Today. Manchester UP, 1998. Ch. 2

Martin Bull and James Newell, Italian Politics: Adjustment under Duress, London: Polity, 2005, Chs 3-6.

M. Cotta & L. Verzichelli, Political Institutions in Italy, OUP, 2007, 4-6, 8.

20

17. Comparative political cultures

Recommended Reading

D. P. Conradt, The German Polity, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2009, Chapter 4.

G. K. Roberts, German Politics Today, MUP, 2016, Chapter 3.

John Foot, Modern Italy (Second Edition), Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, pp. 39-46; 180-196. James L. Newell, The Politics of Italy, CUP, 2010, Chapter 5.

Sarah Colvin and Mark Taplin (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of German Politics & Culture, Routledge, 2015, pp. 147-162; 181-197; 230-249.

Erik Jones and Gianfranco Pasquino (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics, OUP, 2015, pp. 3-70; pp. 409-464;pp. 608-644; pp. 668- 684

Further Reading

D.P. Conradt (1989), ‘Changing German political culture’ in G. A. Almond and S. Verba (eds.), The Civic Culture Revisited, Newbury Park: Sage, pp. 212-72.

J. Kocka, ‘The difficult rise of civil society: societal history of modern Germany’, in M. Fulbrook (ed.), German History since 1800, Arnold, 1997, pp. 493-511.

P.H, Merkl, ‘A New German Identity’ in G. Smith et. al (eds.), Developments in German Politics, Macmillan, 1992, pp. 327-48.

R. J. Dalton, Politics in Germany, HarperCollins, 1993, pp. 107-200.

John Dickie, ‘Imagined Italies’, in D. Forgacs and R. Lumley (eds.), Italian Cultural Studies: An Introduction, Oxford University Press, 1996.

P. Ginsborg, ‘The political culture of Italy’, Modern Italy, 1,1, pp. 3-17.

R. D. Putnam, (1993), Making Democracy Work. Civic Traditions in Modern Italy, Princeton University Press.

S. Green, The Politics of Exclusion: Immigration, Residence and Citizenship Policy in Germany, 1955-2002, Manchester University Press, 2003.

E. Nathans, The Politics of Citizenship in Germany, Berg, 2004, pp. 235-264.

M. Minkenberg, ‘The politics of citizenship in the new republic’, West European Politics, 26:4, 2003, pp. 219-240.

S. Green et. al, The Politics of the New Germany, Routledge, Chapter 6.

K. Calavita, Immigrants at the Margins: Law, Race and Exclusion in Southern Europe, CUP, 2005.

‘Italy’s “Second-Generations’: The Sons and Daughter of Migrations, Bulletin of Italian Politics, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2010, pp. 5-120, http://www.gla.ac.uk/bip

22

18. Comparative parties and party systems

Recommended Reading

D. P. Conradt, The German Polity, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2009, Chapters 5, 6.

G. K. Roberts, German Politics Today, MUP. 2016, Chapters 4, 5.

John Foot, Modern Italy, Second Edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, pp. 197-247.

James L. Newell, The Politics of Italy, CUP, 2010, Chapters 5, 7.

Andrea Mammone, Ercole Giap Parini, and Giuseppe A. Parini (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Italy, Routledge, 2015, Chapter 13-17.

Sara Colvin and Mark Taplin (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of German Politics & Culture, Routledge, pp. 105-118.

Erik Jones and Gianfranco Pasquino (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics, OUP, 2015, pp. 173-254.

Further reading

Martin Bull and James Newell, Italian Politics: Adjustment under Duress, London: Polity, 2005, Ch 3.

M. G. Schmidt, Political Institutions in the Federal Republic of Germany, OUP. 2007, Ch. 5.

G. K. Roberts, German Politics Today, Manchester University Press, 2000, pp. 80-9.

G. Smith 'The “New Model” Party System' in S Padgett et al. (eds) Developments in German Politics 3, 2003, pp. 82-100

D. Sassoon, Contemporary Italy. 2nd Edn. Longman, 1997. Ch. 14

G. J. Glaessner Germany Democracy, Berg, 2005, pp.101-122

P. Pulzer, ‘Political Ideology’, in G. Smith et.al. (eds.), Developments in German Politics, Macmillan, 1992, pp. 303-26.

G. Smith, Democracy in Western Germany, Dartmouth, 1990, chs. 3 &5.

W. E. Paterson and D. Southern, Governing Germany, Blackwell, 1991, ch. 7.

R. J. Dalton, Politics in Germany, HarperCollins, 1993, second edition, pp. 278-326.

G. Braunthal, Parties and Politics in Modern Germany, Westview, 1996.

D. Hine, Governing Italy, Oxford UP, 1993, Ch. 3.

S. Gundle & S. Parker (eds), The New Italian Republic. Routledge, 1996. Parts II and III

P. Allum, ‘The Changing Face of Christian Democracy’, in C. Duggan and C. Wagstaff (eds), Italy in the Cold War. Politics, Culture & Society, 1948-58. Berg, 1995.

C. Shore, Italian Communism. Pluto, 1990.

H. Partridge, Italian Politics Today. Manchester UP, 1998. Chs 4, 5 and 8

S. Waters, '”Tangentopoli” and the Emergence of a New Political Order in Italy', West European Politics, (1994), vol. 17, no. 1: 169-82.

V. Bufacchi & S. Burgess, Italy Since 1989: events and interpretations, Macmillan, 1998

West European Politics, vol. 20, no. 1 (1997) Crisis and Transition in Italian Politics.

Special Issue.

M. Cotta & L. Verzichelli, Political Institutions in Italy, OUP, 2007, Chapters 1-3.

Journal of Modern Italian Studies, ‘Mapping Contemporary Catholic Politics, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2016, pp. 399-510.

19. German Federalism and Italian Regionalism

Recommended Reading

D. P. Conradt, The German Polity, Ninth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2009, Ch. 9.

G. K. Roberts, German Politics Today, MUP. 2016, Chapter 6.

James L. Newell, The Politics of Italy, CUP, 2010, Chapter 3.

Further Reading

John Foot, Modern Italy, Second Edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, pp. 60-62; 123-128. Plus: the further readings in Lecture 15.

20. Comparative social movements

Recommended Reading

D. Della Porta, Social movements, political violence and the state: a comparative analysis of Italy and Germany, Cambridge, 1995, pp. 25-47

James L. Newell, The Politics of Italy, CUP. 2010, Ch. 6.

D. P. Conradt, The German Polity, 2009, Chapters 4 & 5

Andrea Mammone, Ercole Giap Parini, and Giuseppe A. Veltri (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Italy. History, Politics, Society, Routledge, 2015, Chapters 4 (Carl Levy) and 19.

Erik Jones and Gianfranco Pasquino (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics, OUP, 2015, pp. 645-667.

Further reading

K-W Brand 'The Political Culture of the New Social Movements' in D Berg-Schlosser and R Rytlewski (eds.) Political Culture in Germany, Macmillan, 1993, pp.116-125

A H Cooper, Paradoxes of Peace: German Peace Movements since 1945, University of Michigan Press, 1996, pp. 275-285

R Koopmans Democracy from Below: New Social Movements and the Political System in West Germany Westview Press, 1995

R Schmidt “From 'Old politics' to 'new politics': three decades of peace protest in West Germany' in Contemporary Political Culture, Sage, 1989, pp. 174-198

A Scott Ideology and the New Social Movements, Unwin Hyman, 1990, chapter 4

P. Ginsborg, Silvio Berlusconi, Verso, 20004, pp.168-174

P. Ginsborg, A History of Contemporary Italy, Penguin, 1990, chapter 9

D. Della Porta, Social movements, political violence and the state: a comparative analysis of Italy and Germany, Cambridge, 1995, pp. 85-95

S. Tarrow 'The Phantom at the Opera: Political Parties and Social Movements of the 1960s and 1970s in Italy' in RJ Dalton and M Kuechler (eds.) Challenging the Political Order: New Social and Political Movements in Western Democracies Polity, 1990, pp.251-276

S. Tarrow Democracy and Disorder: Protest and Politics in Italy 1965-1975, 1989, Oxford University Press