Personality Research Paper Outline

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PSY-255 Personality Research Paper Outline

Topic: Trait Theory

Thesis Statement: This paper is going to discuss trait theory as proposed by Gordon Allport, with an explanation of why this theory is relevant to personality psychology as supported by current research discussing cardinal, central and secondary traits, as well as the influence of phenotypes on personality development.

Introduction: Trait theory proposes that one’s personality is relatively stable over time, and one is predisposed to be certain way regardless of any given situation or environment. These traits can vary from person to person, however, it is assumed that individual differ because of their genetic or biological differences (McLeod, 2017). Gordon Allport found an English-Language dictionary containing more than 4,000 words, that would later describe three different levels of personality including cardinal, central and secondary traits (Cherry, 2017). Allport believed that both external and internal phenotypes influenced one’s personality and behaviors.

1st Main Point: That Serves to Prove Your Thesis: Cardinal Traits-These are the traits that someone is known for. They have become core characteristics of what this individual is like when people describe him or her. Researcher often feel that these traits become synonymous with these traits, such as “narcissistic”.

· 1st piece of research That Supports this Main Point (citation)

· How does this article support this main point (key ideas)

Harris, E. G., & Mowen, J. C. (2001). The Influence of Cardinal-, Central-, and Surface-Level Personality Traits on Consumers' Bargaining and Complaint Intentions. PSYCHOLOGY AND MARKETING, (11). 1155.

· 2nd piece of research That Supports this Main Point (citation)

· How does this article support this main point (key ideas)

Ünsar, A. S., & Karalar, S. (2013). The effect of personality traits on leadership behaviors: A research on the students of business administration department. Economic Review: Journal of Economics & Business / Ekonomska Revija: Casopis Za Ekonomiju I Biznis11(2), 45. Retrieved from https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edb&AN=94624665&site=eds-live&scope=site

2nd Main Point: That Serves to Prove Your Thesis: Central Traits-These form the basic foundation of who we are. Traits such as being honest, kind, intelligent, mean, or aggressive.

· 1st piece of research That Supports this Main Point (citation)

· How does this article support this main point (key ideas)

Wallace, J. (1966). An abilities conception of personality: Some implications for personality measurement. American Psychologist21(2), 132-138. doi:10.1037/h0023298

· 2nd piece of research That Supports this Main Point (citation)

· How does this article support this main point (key ideas)

3rd Main Point that Serves to Prove your Thesis: Secondary Traits-Traits that are related to our beliefs, and attitudes. These are influenced by others.

· 1st piece of research That Supports this Main Point (citation)- What makes people lie, and bully? Why are some people influenced by others to be a certain way? Are they really a bully, or just acting like one? Are these features of their personality lasting? Can they change?

· How does this article support this main point (key ideas)- implications for why some compulsively bully.

John C. Mowen, a., & Nancy Spears, a. (1999). Understanding Compulsive Buying among College Students: A Hierarchical Approach. Journal Of Consumer Psychology, (4), 407. Retrieved from https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.1480442&site=eds-live&scope=site

· 2nd piece of research That Supports this Main Point (citation)

· How does this article support this main point (key ideas)

Conclusion What Have You found in your research and how does this apply to your thesis:

References:

Cherry, K. (2017). What is the trait theory of personality? Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/trait-theory-of-personality-2795955

McLeod, S. (2017). Theories of Personality. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/personality-theories.html