Summary about " Religion, Culture, and Nursing "

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Chapter 13: Religion, Culture, and Nursing

Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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Religion, Culture, and Nursing

As an integral component of culture, religious, and spiritual beliefs, influence a client’s explanation of the:

Cause(s) of illness

Perception of its severity

Decisions about healing intervention(s)

Choice of healer(s)

 

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2

Dimensions of Religion #1

Five major dimensions of religion:

Experiential—emotion and/or feeling about purpose in life and connection with a higher power

Ritualistic—religious practices

Ideologic—shared beliefs of members

Intellectual—cognitive understanding

Consequential—adherence to the prescribed standards of conduct

 

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Dimensions of Religion #2

Religious Dimensions in Relation to Health and Illness

Determine the dimensions important to the client for mutual goal setting and priorities.

Determine what a given member of a specific religious affiliation believes to be important.

Obtain accurate information.

Understand religious virtues of clients.

Assist clients to cope with differences between their own behaviors and the norms of their religion.

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Religion and Spiritual Nursing Care

Nurses endeavor to provide holistic health care, in which the needs of the total person are recognized.

Religion is an organized system of beliefs about the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, often including the belief in or worship of a Supreme Being.

Spirituality is a person’s personal effort to find meaning and purpose in his or her life. It is more focused on individual growth, more subjective, more emotionally based, and rising from personal experience.

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Question #1

Is the following statement true or false?

Religion addresses questions related to what is true and right.

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Answer to Question #1

True

Rationale: Religion addresses questions related to what is true and right and helps individuals determine where they belong in the scheme of their life’s journey.

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Spiritual Nursing Care #1

Spiritual intervention is as appropriate as any other form of nursing intervention and recognizes that the balance of physical, psychosocial, and spiritual aspects of life is essential to overall good health.

Spiritual distress is disruption in the life principle that pervades a person’s entire being and that integrates and transcends the person’s biologic and psychosocial nature.

Cultural assessment includes assessment of religious and spiritual issues.

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Spiritual Nursing Care #2

Spiritual Nursing Care for the Dying or Bereaved Client and Family

Death practices

Preparation of the body

Funeral practices

Taboos

Unexpected and violent death

Death of a child

Bereavement, grief, mourning

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9

Question #2

Is the following statement true or false?

While attention to a client’s spiritual needs is always important, most clients view religion as a private matter, especially at a time of crisis.

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Answer to Question #2

False

Rationale: The goal of spiritual nursing care is to assist clients in integrating their own religious and spiritual beliefs into the ultimate reality that gives meaning to their lives in relation to the health care crisis that has precipitated the need for nursing care.

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Religious Trends in the United States and Canada #1

The United States and Canada are cosmopolitan nations to which all of the major and many of the minor faiths of Europe and other parts of the globe have been transplanted.

Religious identification among people from different racial and ethnic groups is important because religion and culture are interwoven.

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12

Religious Trends in the United States and Canada #2

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13

Contributions of Religious Groups to the Health Care Delivery System

Many religious denominations own and operate health care institutions and make significant fiscal contributions that help control health care costs.

Roman Catholic Church affiliated hospitals, health related centers, charities

Jewish hospitals, day care centers, extended care facilities, and organizations

Lutheran, Mennonite, Methodist, Muslim, and Seventh Day Adventist groups, also own and operate hospitals and health care organizations

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14

Question #3

The second most popular religious affiliation identified by individuals in the United States is:

Christianity

Judaism

Islam

Atheism, Agnosticism, no affiliation

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Answer to Question #3

D. Atheism, Agnosticism, no affiliation

Rationale: In the United States, Christianity is the most popular religious affiliation identified (at 78.5%). Second to that, at 17.3%, is the category Atheism, Agnosticism, no affiliation.

Worldwide, Islam is second to Christianity (at 19.6% and 33%, respectively).

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16

Health-Related Beliefs and Practices of Selected Religions #1

Health-related beliefs and practices of select religions are important to understand, especially considering the diverse religious groups in the United States and Canada.

A brief overview of the following religions can be found in the text:

Amish

Baha’i International Community

Buddhist Churches of America

Catholicism According to the Roman Rite

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Health-Related Beliefs and Practices of Selected Religions #2

A brief overview of the following religions can be found in the text (cont.):

Christian Science

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

Hinduism

Islam

Jehovah’s Witnesses

Judaism

Mennonite Church

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Health-Related Beliefs and Practices of Selected Religions #3

A brief overview of the following religions can be found in the text (cont.):

Mennonite Church

Native North American Churches

Protestantism

Seventh-Day Adventists

Unitarian Universalist Church

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