RESEARCH PAPER

profileter131313
POSSIBLETOPICSFORRESEARCHPAPER.docx

EARLY 20TH CENTURY (1900-1920):

Henry Ford

Albert Kahn (architecture)

LeRoy Winbush (graphic design)

Early modernism:

Rene Herbst (industrial design/furniture) early modernism

Eileen Gray (architect and furniture designer and a pioneer of modernism)

Le Corbusier

ART DECO:

Renee Lalique

Cassandre (Graphic designer)

Jean Puiforcat

Raoul Dufy

Reuben Haley

AVANT GARDE MOVEMENTS (EARLY 20TH CENTURY):

Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (Futurism)

Fortunato Depero (Futurism)

Marcel Duchamp (Dada)

Tristan Tzara

Gerrit Rietveld (De Stijl)

Theo van Doesburgh (De Stijl)

Wassily Kandiskly (abstact art)

El Lizzitsky (Russian constructivism)

Kasimir Malevich(Suprematism)

Alexandr Rodschensko (Russian constructivism)

Vladimir Tatlin (Russian constructivism)

BAUHAUS:

Walter Gropius

Laszlo Moholy-Nagy

Marcel Breuer

Marianne Brandt

Gunta Stolzl

Anni Albers

Herbert Bayer

Mies Van Der Rohe

Jan Tschichold (the new tyopography)

1930’S US - EARLY INDUSTRIAL DESIGN

Designers/stylists:

Harley Earl (GM)

Kem Weber

Raymond Lowey

Norman Bel Geddes

Walter Dorwin Teague

Henry Dreyfuss

Russel Wright

Manufacturers:

Homer Laughlin China Company (ceramics)

General Motors

MODERNISM (40’s-early 60’s):

Earl Tupper

Harry Bertoia

Isamu Noguchi (Japan/US)

Charles and Ray Eames

George Nelson

Dieter Rams (industrial design)

Advertisment:

M.F. Agha (Russin bornTurkish designer, art director, and pioneer of modern American publishing.)

Alexey Brodovitch (photographer in advertising)

Graphic design:

Thomas Miller

Milton Glaser

Paul Rand

Saul Bass

Alvin Lustig

Herbert Bayer

International Typographic Style (Swiss Graphic Design)

Helvetica

Max Bill

Adrian Frutiger

Armin Hoffmann

Early Infographics

Cranbrook Academy Design School

Black Mountain College

Design for social needs:

The ULM School

Tomas Maldonado

Otl Aicher

Gui Bonsiepe

Bruno Munari (graphic design)

Furniture:

Herman Miller

Knoll

Architecture:

International Style in architecture - Mies van der Rohe

Jean Prouve (architect and furniture designer)

Richard Neutra (Architecture)

Frank Lloyd Wright (architecture)

Le Corbusier (architecture)

Louis Kahn

1960’s - 70’s:

Design for social needs;

Buckminster Fuller (industrial design)

Victor Papanek (industrial design)

Protest movements

Pop art - Andy Warhol

Counter culture from the 60’s

Cuban poster Art Eduardo Muñoz, Sevrando Cabrera Moreno, Antonio Reboiro, Luis Vega de Castro, Eduardo Muñoz Bachs, Umberto Peña

Psychedelic poster art: Victor Moscoso, Mouse & Kelley, Family Dog Studios, etc. OSPAAAL;

Unimark International

Massimo Vignelli

Anti design - Italy -

Gaetano Pesce

Archigram

Archizoom

Super-studio (architecture)

Verner Panton (industrial and interior design)

Achille Castiglioni (industrial design)

Joe Colombo (industrial design)

George Nakashima (Japanese American)

Milton Glaser

Materials: History of plastics including Bakelite

Graphic Design:

Paula Scher

Pentagram

Verner Panton

Pin Push studio

Brutalism (Architecture)

POSTMODERNISM (end of modernism) -80’s-90’s-

Michael Graves

Philip Johnson

Anti-design movements

Memphis group - radical design (industrial design)

Ettore Sotsass (industrial design)

Andrea Branzi (industrial design)

Shiro Kuramata (industrial design)

Apple Macintosh (industrial design)

José Leonilson (Brazil art)

Keith Harring (graphic design/art)

Felix Gonzalez Torres (art) Cuban-born American visual artist.

DESIGN IN THE 90’s

Droog Design (industrial design)

Hella Jongerius (industrial design)

Eindhoven Design Academy (industrial design)

Tibor Kalman

Benetton Colors, M & Co.

Robert Stern

Philip Stark (industrial design)

Mark Newson (industrial design)

Ron Arad (industrial design)

Garouse & Bonetti

Campana brothers (Brazil industrial design)

Alexander Mcqueen (fashion)

Deconstructivism; Peter Eisenman; Rem Koolhas (architecture)

early computer aided design

Jean Nouvel;

Jasper Morrison.

The PC; The World Wide Web;

PC; Apple; Computer aided design (CAD). (industrial design)

MIT Media Lab; John Maeda

Zaha Hadid

Frank Ghery

Francis Bitonti

Nendo (industrial design)

Dirk Vander Kooij

Front Design (industrial design)

Studio Libertiny

Mathias Bengtsson;

Iris van Herpen;

Joris Laarman

Thomas Heatherwick

FEMALE DESIGNERS:

Eileen Gray (architect and furniture designer and a pioneer of modernism)

Charlotte Perriand France - designer furniture and interiors. Worked with Le Corbusier and Jean Prouve.

Margarete Schutte Lihotzky (ealry 20th century kitchen design)

Marianne Brandt (Bauhaus-worked in metal)

Gunta Stolzl (Bauhaus-worked with textiles)

Anni Albers (Bauhaus - color theory and textiles)

Eva Zeisel USA (industrial design and ceramics)

Florence Knoll (furniture)

Ray Eames (furniture, industrial design, architecure)

Esther Heath USA (ceramics in California)

Elsa Schiaparelli (fashion)

Coco Chanel (fashion)

Diane von Furstenberg (fashion)

Mary Quant (fashion 60’s-70’s)

Lucienne Day (textile)

Sonia Delaunay (textile, fashion, and set design)

Paula Scher (graphic design)

Margaret Calvert (graphic design)

Susan Kare (graphic designer - early interphase design)

Zaha Hadid (architecture and furniture) (80’s till recently)

Hella Jongerius (90’s)

Lella Vignelli (graphic)

Lina Bobardi (arch)

Maija Isola (textile - Marimekko)

Dorothy Liebes (Textile)

Emma Amos (textile - feminist) https://www.nga.gov/blog/emma-amos.html

BLACK AMERICAN DESIGNERS:

W.E.B. Du Bois

One of Chicago's leading black artists and designers in the 1920s and '30s, Charles Clarence Dawson

Aaron Douglas was a leading artist of the Harlem Renaissance, also known as the New Negro Movement.

Leroy Winbush graphic designer in 1930’s

Seymour Chwast supported the civil rights movement. Contributed to Push Pin Graphics

Emory Douglas - Bay Area -recognized for his graphic design for the Black Panther party’s movement for civil rights, against racism, oppression, and social injustice.

https://artsandculture.google.com/exhibit/african-american-culture-and-history-an-aiga-design-journey-aiga/tgIyec9ZBBG7IQ?hl=en

Ed Towles (graphic design)

Thomas Miller (graphic)

Emmett McBain (graphic)

Archie Boston (graphic)

Gail Anderson (graphic)

Scott Barrie (fashion)

Art Sims - well known for his poster designs for classic African-American films, including Do the Right Thing and The Color Purple

Freedom quilting bee (quilting cooperative in the 60's)

Rosie Lee Tompkins (textile)

MEXICAN MODERNISM:

Industrial Design:

Clara Porcet

Horacio Duran

Aurora Campos-Diaz

Oscar Hagerman

Felipe Derhingher (glass)

Graphic Design:

Taller Grafica popular

Leopoldo Mendez

Vicente Rojo

Azul Morris

Rafael Lopez Castro

Architecture:

Luis Barragan

Juan O’Gorman

Matias Goeritz

Mario Pani

Pedro Ramirex Vazquez

Felix Candela

Andres Casillas

Agustin Hernandez

Ricardo Legorreta

Javier Senosiain

ARGENTINIAN MODERNISM:

Hugo Kogan (ID)

Ivan Longhini (ID)

Juan Cavallero (ID)

Adrian Cohan (ID)

BRAZILIAN MODERNISM:

Oscar Niemeyer (arch)

Mendes da Rocha (arch)

Lina Bobardi (arch)

AFRICAN MODERNISM

Isaac Fola-Alade (arch)

Rinaldo Olivieri (arch)

Senegal - Jean Francois Lamoureux and Jean-Louis Marin

JAPANESE MODERNISM:

Sori Yanagi

KOREAN MODERNISM:

FINNISH / SCANDINAVIAN MODERNISM:

Tapio Wirkkala

Alvar Aalto - furniture, industrial design, architecture

Armi Ratia (textile - Marimekko)

Maija Isola (textile - Marimekko)

SPANISH MODERNISM:

Daniel Gil Pila

Diego Lara

ITALIAN MODERNISM:

Achille Castiglioni

Olivetti

Vespa

OTHERS:

You can also chose a product that you want to learn more about, for example telephones, the first computers, any object that is mass produced. Or certain magazines.

You can also talk about the history of a specific type of material, for example plastics, Bakelite.

(will continue to add)