Literature Support

Jessica D. Brossack

Grand Canyon University: HCA-699

November 13, 2019


Section B: Literature Support


Literature Support

Providing valid, applicable and relevant research to support evidence-based practice implementation or improvement in healthcare is a vital aspect in providing quality healthcare to both patients and healthcare practioners.

Description of Search Method(s)

In conducting my research to support my thesis of Healthcare Burnout, I started by refining my search to Google Scholar and searching through peer-reviewed articles. I then filtered my range further by only allowing articles that have been published in the last 10 years. While technology, especially in healthcare, can rapidly become obsolete with constant updates and upgrades, the behaviors of a person do not change as rapidly. This is how I determined that a 10-year publication span was would provide the most relevant information.

Once these criteria were established, I entered different combinations of search terms including ‘burnout’, ‘healthcare burnout’, ‘burnout intervention’, ‘preventing burnout in healthcare’, ‘burnout and patient safety’, and various combinations of those words along with each other. Once I found articles that I thought would be relevant from those searches, which I determined by scanning the abstract (if provided) and skimming through the headings and paragraphs of the papers, I book-marked each one to save for future, in-depth study.

Of those book-marked, I then had to make concessions for those articles that were only available for certain societies or subscriptions or were only available for a fee versus those that were available in the public domain, free of charge. I then had to determine if an article that was free would be as good as an article that may have cost upwards of $200.00 for a downloadable, printable copy. A few of the articles that required a membership or purchase to access I was able to input in to the Grand Canyon online student library and find there under the academic access rights.

Exclusions from my search criteria included anything published prior to 2009, any article or study that did not state that it was peer reviewed, or any article that did not fit my particular search criteria, or that I felt I had already gathered enough information on that portion of the research. At this point, I have found 3 articles that I feel will sufficiently outline what are believed to be the best interventions of healthcare burnout.

Summarization of Research

The first article I chose to include as a solution to healthcare burnout presents an overall discussion on the notion of burnout itself and how it relates to nurses, and whether any steps are being taken to combat that burnout. I believe it is an important article as it presents the issue as well as gives background on what exactly healthcare burnout is as it relates to the nursing profession, in this case, specifically in the field of oncology nursing (Henry, 2013). Oncology nursing is often a very difficult and emotionally draining profession as these nurses are often caring for patients that suffer “physical, emotional, spiritual, and existential suffering…and often leads to compassion fatigue” (McSteen, 2010). Compassion fatigue is term that in my research I have found to be almost interchangeable with burnout, and “occurs when caregivers unconsciously absorb the distress, anxiety, fears, and trauma of the patient” (Henry, 2013).

After giving a thorough description of compassion fatigue and healthcare burnout, Henry goes on to offer such interventions as employee assistance programs (EAP’s), help in the form of counseling with a psychologist, psychiatrist, or counsel with their particular religious representative or finally a support group. Henry cited this information based on a study conducted by Aycock and Boyle (2009) who examined existing management interventions. The study surveyed “231 Oncology Nursing Society chapter presidents with 103 responding” (Henry, 2013).

My second article is titled The Inevitability of Physician Burnout: Implications for Interventions by Anthony Montgomery. Here, Montgomery again discusses the problem healthcare workers experiencing burnout presents to the profession and further states that he feels “there is a disconnect between performance and physician health” (Montgomery, 2014). Here, Montgomery states that healthcare burnout is typically focused on “the individual physician with little attention given to the organizational and social context within which the physician is practicing” (Montgomery, 2014), and further states that a balanced work/life ratio would assist in alleviating the stresses of burnout and fatigue.

Finally, I reviewed an article titled Effectiveness of an Intervention for Prevention and Treatment of Burnout in Primary Health Care Professionals. Again, the authors open with the dangers of healthcare burnout as it relates to patient care and caregiver ennui in providing quality care. They then report their findings on a study they conducted with different forms of intervention and the resulting data of those studies (Gomez-Gascon,, 2013).


All three articles were written and submitted by authors for peer review to legitimate and certified entities after thorough review before publication. They were then pulled by myself from those peer-reviewed sources for their accuracy of information to my particular research topic and reviewed for applicability of that information.


Gomez-Gascon, T., Martin-Fernandez, J., Galvez-Herrer, M., Tapias-Merino, E., Beamud-

Lagos, M., & Mingote-Adan, J. C. (2013). Effectiveness of an intervention for prevention

and treatment of burnout in primary health care professionals. Retrieved November 13,

2019, from

Henry, B. J. (2013, July 27). Nursing Burnout Interventions: What is Being Done? Retrieved

November 13, 2019, from https://eds-a-ebscohost-[email protected]

McSteen, K. L. (2019, January 5). Compassion fatigue in oncology nursing: A witness to

suffering. Retrieved November 13, 2019, from

Montgomery, A. (2014, April 19). The inevitability of physician burnout: Implications for

interventions. Retrieved November 13, 2019, from