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NRSE 4550 – Evidence-Based Nursing

August 2012 Ohio University© Page 1 of 2

Quantitative Research

Written Critique of a Nursing Research Article

The criteria listed below are less detailed than what you will find in the chapters of your textbook. However, this

is an excellent list of some of the main aspects to consider when doing a critique. You may want to make a copy

of this handout so that you can use it as a worksheet when reading the various textbook chapters. You could think

about these criteria as some of the main points about research that you should understand.


1. Is the purpose of the study presented?

2. Is the significance (importance) of the problem discussed?

3. Does the investigator provide a sense of what he or she is doing and why?

Problem statement

1. Is the problem statement clear?

2. Does the investigator identify key research questions and variables to be examined?

3. Does the study have the potential to help solve a problem that is currently faced in clinical practice?

Literature review

1. Does the literature review follow a logical sequence leading to a critical review of supporting and conflicting prior work?

2. Is the relationship of the study to previous research clear?

3. Does the investigator describe gaps in the literature and support the necessity of the present study?

Theoretical framework and hypotheses

1. Is a rationale stated for the theoretical/conceptual framework?

2. Does the investigator clearly state the theoretical basis for hypothesis formulation?

3. Is the hypothesis stated precisely and in a form that permits it to be tested?


1. Are the relevant variables and concepts clearly and operationally defined?

2. Is the design appropriate for the research questions or hypotheses?

3. Are methods of data collection sufficiently described’?

4. What are the identified and potential threats to internal and external validity that were present in the study?

5. If there was more than one data collector, was inter-rater reliability adequate?

NRSE 4550 – Evidence-Based Nursing

August 2012 Ohio University© Page 2 of 2


1. Are the subjects and sampling methods described?

2. Is the sample of sufficient size for the study, given the number of variables and design?

3. Is there adequate assurance that the rights of human subjects were protected?


1. Are appropriate instruments for data collection used?

2. Are reliability and validity of the measurement instruments adequate’?

Data analysis

1. Are the statistical tests used identified and the values reported?

2. Are appropriate statistics used, according to level of measurement, sample size, sampling method, and hypotheses/research questions?


1. Are the results for each hypothesis clearly and objectively presented?

2. Do the figures and tables illuminate the presentation of results’?

3. Are results described in light of the theoretical framework and supporting literature?


1. Are conclusions based on the results and related to the hypotheses’?

2. Are study limitations identified?

3. Are generalizations made within the scope of the findings?

4. Are implications of findings discussed (i.e., for practice, education, and research)?

5. Are recommendations for further research stated?

Research utilization implications

1. Is the study of sufficient quality to meet the criterion of scientific merit’?

2. Does the study meet the criterion of replicability?

3. Is the study of relevance to practice?

4. Is the study feasible for nurses to implement?

5. Do the benefits of the study outweigh the risks?