Engineering essay

profileMahdi AlQurarini

ME290 Global Engineering Professional Seminar Engineering Standards and Professional Societies Lecture-1

ABET* requirement: General Criterion 3. Student Outcomes

7. an ability to acquire and apply new knowledge as needed, using

appropriate learning strategies

Engineering Standards and Professional Societies

*ABET (Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc.) is an organization that accredits post- secondary education programs.

Professional Organizations for Mechanical Engineers

• American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) • Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) • International Academy for Production Engineering (CIRP) • Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) • Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME) • American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-

Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) • Society for Experimental Mechanics (SEM) • Acoustical Society of America (ASA) • American Society for Nondestructive Testing (ASNT) • American Welding Society (AWS) • Association of Energy Engineers (AEE) • American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and many others.

Role of Professional Associations Most professional associations perform the following functions:

• Advocate on behalf of public policy or broad professional issues affecting members

• Circulate standards for professional preparation and practice • Provide educational training and professional development

programs • Publish and disseminate research, information and opinion • Assist members with career development issues • Create opportunities for professional peers to interact • Keep members up to date

Common Characteristics • Legally incorporated non-profit entities.

• Governing board of elected and/or appointed individuals.

• Operations are managed by volunteers. • Relatively small office staffs to provide administrative services.

• Funded primarily through member dues, institutional memberships, fees for programs/services, publications, and grants.

• Exercise of power limited to small number of members

• International participation.

• Online presence.

Benefits of Involvement

• Enhance one’s development • Administrative and professional skills • Gain new perspectives and knowledge • Develop leadership skills and orientation to the profession • Career placement opportunities

• Stronger sense of professional identity • Colleagues and professional networks • Exchange of ideas • Opportunities for continued interactions and get-togethers

• Make a contribution to the association

• Help and/or influence the profession and its direction • Shape professional practice and accreditation standards

Benefits of Student Membership

• Professional development

• Networking opportunities

• Seminars and conferences

• Education/training

• Exclusive online resources

• Discounted or free publications

• Resume building

• Job hunting

Example: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

Professional membership

Example: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

Student membership is possible

Engineering Standards

Some Definitions

Standard: A standard is a document that defines the characteristics of a product, process or service, such as dimensions, safety aspects, and performance requirements.

Code: Laws or regulations that specify minimum standards to protect public safety and health such as codes for construction of buildings. Voluntary standards are incorporated into building codes

Specification: A set of conditions and requirements of precise and limited application that provide a detailed description of a procedure, process, material, product, or service for use primarily in procurement and manufacturing. Standards may be referenced or included in specifications.

Technical Regulation: A mandatory government requirement that defines the characteristics and/or the performance requirements of a product, service or process (see also Regulation).

International Bodies

• The world's leading developers of International Standards: International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

• ANSI and (U.S. National Committee (USNC)) are the U.S. clearing house for Standards and a founding member of ISO.

Why Standards are Used?

• They provide a “Legal,” or at least enforceable, means to evaluate acceptability and sale-ability of products and/or services

• They can be applied globally

• Standards are a “COMMUNICATION” tool that allows all users to speak the same language when reacting to products or processes

• They, ultimately, are designed to protect the public from questionable designs, products and practices

• They teach us, as engineers, how we can best meet environmental, technical, health, safety, quality and societal responsibilities

International Standards

National Standards

Local Standards

Standards can be classified as local, national or international. Local standards are developed by companies when national or international standards are not available.

End of “Engineering Standards and Professional Societies”