English Essay

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DRUG COURTS

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DRUG COURTS

Drug Court Effectiveness

Sean Markl

American International University

Drug Court Effectiveness

The main function of a drug court is to prevent and discourage use, selling of, or distributing illegal drugs by offenders. By utilizing drugs courts in ways such as deterrent, prevention, and treatment to curb nonviolent offenders can be a crucial step in rehabilitation for the majority. “Drug courts were designed to put treatment and rehabilitation ahead of punishment” (Emigh,2018). By putting treatment and rehabilitation ahead of prison or jailtime, many offenders are set on a path to recovery that reduces recidivism. Most states have set up these specific courts to deal with nonviolent offenders.” The Carroll County Drug Treatment Court operates in the Circuit Court for Carroll County and has been specifically designed and staffed to supervise non-violent, drug dependent defendants who have been referred to a comprehensive and judicially monitored program” (Drug Treatment Court, n.d.).With education, funding, and overcoming challenges drug court programs can save lives and reduce incarceration involving nonviolent drug offenses. Drug courts that are ran effectively, can curb drug use and distribution with insight and prevention.

Federal and state funding for drug courts is detrimental to the success of these programs. While federal funding is crucial it is also up to individual states to warrant funding in order to maintain these programs.” Drug court funding must be spent on drug court operations and services. per Government Code Section 30025 (f)(7)(H) as added by AB 118, the Drug Court Subaccount shall be used to fund the costs of drug court operations and services as those costs are currently permitted and described by statute and regulation” (California,2019). All grants and funding procured are to be provided for the purposes of maintaining and operating drug courts policies, procedures, and activities solely. Each individual state or municipality can chose how drug courts are run, but they all maintain the same goal of treatment and rehabilitation as opposed to jail time.

While funding is an issue, also commitment to utilizing and maintaining these programs can

ensure success also. Some program challenges include identifying and promptly entering drug

courts, participation, and the difference between health and safety needs versus court

requirements, incentives, and training and team duties. (ABA, 2018). Providing law enforcement

and the justice system with timely, and effective communication can reduce backlogs and

improve drug court functionality. By promoting a public health approach drug courts promote

recovery and prevention over jail time in most instances. By monitoring and making constant

changes to keep up with different caseloads and types of offenses. Successful completion of the

drug court program can lead to improved communities and decreased criminal activity.

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Figure 1. Graduating successfully from Drug Court. “From National Drug Court Institute,” by

National Association of Drug Court Professionals, 2019. (https://www.ndci.org/ ). Copyright 2019 NDCI References

ABA (2018, August 4). State, federal drug courts recommend best practices to improve outcomes in criminal justice system. Retrieved from https://www.americanbar.org/news/abanews/aba-news-archives/2018/08/state_federal_drug/

California, S. O. (2019). Drug Court Programs. Retrieved from https://www.dhcs.ca.gov/individuals/Pages/Drug-Court-Programs.aspx

Drug Courts. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/ondcp/ondcp-fact-sheets/drug-courts-smart-approach-to-criminal-justice

Emigh, M. (2018, November 09). The Efficacy of Drug Courts. Retrieved from https://www.ebpsociety.org/blog/education/271-efficacy-drug-courts

National Association Drug Court Professionals. (2019). National Drug Court Institute. Retrieved from https://www.ndci.org/

Figure 1. Graduating successfully from Drug Court. “From National Drug Court Institute,” by

NDCI 2019, (https://www.ndci.org/ ). Copyright 2019 NDCI