Human reliability analysis in a manufacturing plantoluwafemi45
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Homework #2: Project Proposal
Students will develop an individual project that employs tools and techniques learned in the course.
This may include the modification of an existing HRA method or the development of a new HRA
method applied to a chosen domain problem. Students are not expected to collect or analyze data,
but will be required to detail a HRA data collection and analysis plan and suggest implementation
strategies, similar to the structure of a funding proposal for an exploratory project. Any topic can
be chosen, as long as the existence of human reliability issues can be cited.
The project proposal, which is due at the beginning of the course, is not expected to have details
related to the application of HRA tools and techniques that will be learned later in the course.
However, the student is expected to discuss a human error issue that negatively impacts human
health, safety, and/or performance in a particular domain and has not yet been appropriately
The project idea is expected to mature and develop over the course of the semester with some later
modifications to account for knowledge gained through lectures, reading, and discussions. This
will allow students to receive feedback on their proposed topic as the course progresses.
The 1000 word proposal should include the following five items. Please include section sub-
headers for each item.
1. Problem Statement – what is the human error and why is it important?
o A problem can be defined as important if it has a measurable impact on a critical
outcome (financial, health and well-being, performance, etc.). Justify the problem
importance and its relevance to human error.
o Provide at least two sources with citations to justify problem importance (newspaper
articles, journal papers, documented initiatives, industry white papers, government
documents, verbal or written statements by key stakeholders, etc.). The sources must
include a statistic and/or a subjective statement of importance.
o Provide a two-sentence concise summary of your problem statement. Please note that
the required justification is separate from the two-sentence summary.
Example Template: Humans fail to [problem] resulting in [important human
error outcome]. The criticality of this problem has been verified by [source]
through [specific qualitative/quantitative source content].
2. Why hasn’t someone found a solution previously?
o Discuss challenges and any prior attempts (not necessarily HRAs) to address the
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3. Focus– what is the problem focus?
o Select one interaction category or a hybrid of two categories and justify the relevance
to the problem statement.
REQUIRED: Human-Human, Human-Group, Human-Organization, Human-
o Select one human theoretical category or a hybrid of two categories and justify the
relevance to the problem statement
REQUIRED - Select only one level of cognition as the foundation for your
human process: Low level cognition (memory, sensory processing, etc.); High
level cognition (decision making and problem solving).
OPTIONAL – Interaction of cognitive level (low/high) with other theoretical
categories may be appropriate for the selected problem focus, although this is
not required: Sociological (relevant for simple human interactions, excluding
human-artifact); Organizational (relevant for more complex sociological
structures, human-org interaction).
o Provide at least two sources with citations to justify the connection of the problem focus
(interaction category and human theoretical category) presented in #3 to the problem
statement presented in #1. Examples of sources include newspaper articles, journal
papers, documented initiatives, industry white papers, government documents, verbal
or written statements by key stakeholders. The sources must include a statistic and/or
a subjective statement of relevance.
o Provide a two-sentence concise summary of your problem focus. Please note that the
required justification is separate from the two-sentence summary.
Example Template: The problem focus is a [category] interaction between
[stakeholders and/or processes and/or components], driven by [human
theoretical category], resulting in [human error outcome defined in #1]. The
existence and criticality of the problem focus has been verified by [source]
through [specific qualitative/quantitative source content referencing problem
o Note: Individual theories are not required to be listed here. Theories will be addressed
in Homework 3.
o Note: The two sources required for #1 and #3 can be the same. However, they must
independently address the justification of the problem statement and problem focus.
4. Project Goals (high level discussion) – what do you hope to gain from this HRA?
o How will the analysis potentially help to address the identified problem focus?
5. What sources of information will you use for your project (be specific)?
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o List and justify the use of at least two sources (stakeholders and/or data) that will be
used to detail the processes associated with this human error. The sources must be
specific to the focus identified in #3 (human interaction and human theories). For
example, if your problem is focused on decision making (high level cognition) in a
team environment (human-group interaction), then you need sources (stakeholder
interviews, team protocols, meeting notes, etc.) to detail the specific decisions that are
required in this context and the decision criterion (input).
Source examples include instructions manuals, protocols, flowcharts,
organizational charts, guidelines, and any other documentation of the process.
Include justification for the relevance of data and/or stakeholder sources to the
focus identified in #3.
Include titles, organizational affiliation, and any other relevant information for
stakeholders who will be utilized for the project.
o Describe how you will access and utilize the selected sources.
o Note: The data and stakeholder sources can overlap with the sources identified in #1
and #3 if the requirements for #5 are independently addressed by the source.
o Note: You may use yourself as one of the sources if you have direct knowledge of a
process or component that is not publically documented. However, you cannot be listed
as a primary source to satisfy the aforementioned two source minimum requirement.
You many only use yourself as a supplemental source. Non-publically documented
sources are only relevant for topics that involve confidential information or the use of
internal resources from an organization.