Management Information Systems

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Discussion1

The first article has information about the Healthcare Information Systems. It described how tends in Healthcare Information Systems has evolved from paper-based systems to more complex data systems. The primary form of information systems in Healthcare was in paper form, eventually, it evolved into paperless using computers but were available locally (Ngafeeson, 2014). Later these systems were made available globally where patients can also access and view their medical files. In recent days these data are being used for medical research purposes and help in achieving medical advancements (Ngafeeson, 2014).

The second article described how information systems can help emergency services in case of a crisis. In crisis management, it is important to have an authentic and accurate information system (Vichova, Hromada, & Rehak, 2017). The decisions that are made in such situations should minimize the loss of human lives. The author evaluated the management information systems of the Fire Rescue Services in the Czech Republic called Joint Rescue System (Vichova, Hromada, & Rehak, 2017).

The third article is about the impacts of management information systems in school administration. Information systems have completely changed the ways of teaching, administration and providing literature to students in education systems (Shah, 2014, p). The use of management information systems has increased exponentially because they have shown such effective results. Information systems made the teaching and learning process easy (Shah, 2014). They also provided administrators with easy ways to analyze and implement policies effectively. Information systems have vastly changed the ways that an educational institution can provide literature to their students.

Overall, taken any kind of organization use of management information system will provide advantages. They make decision making easy and effective. All three articles have described how MIS has its impacts on three different types of organizations.

Discussion2

Information Systems mainly consists of four high level components, which is comprised of technologies, processes, procedures, and people. But a ‘Management Information Systems’ is distinct from regular information systems, which can be defined as a system that provides information to support managerial functions like planning, organizing, directing, and controlling. Also, it collects information in a systematic and a routine manner which is in accordance with a well-defined set of rules. In addition to those, it also includes files, hardware, software and operations research models of processing, storing, retrieving and transmitting information to the users. MIS analyses other information systems which are applied in operational activities in the organization. In other words, the term MIS is commonly used to refer to the group of information management methods tied to the automation or support of human decision making, e.g. Decision Support Systems, Expert systems, and Executive information systems.

I have read three articles about ‘Management Information Systems’ and they all were similar in nature, focusing about how MIS has helped new world in managing information by introducing right technology, processes, and people and how they come together to solve problems utilizing new techniques and strategies.

According to first article, it gave a wide idea about various characteristics of MIS which includes, Management orientation, Management Direction, Integration, Common Data flow, Heavy planning elements, Flexibility, and its ease of use. According to second and third articles, it helped in understanding Management Information Systems (MIS) and their role in today’s organizations. Also showed skill to Identify how MIS shapes and controls current (or prospective) jobs and how to use this insight to improve your own job performance and satisfaction and enhance our career prospects. These articles made me familiar with the major trends in MIS and MIS infrastructures (Cloud, Big Data, ERPs, outsourcing) and how these evolutions will affect workplaces and business strategies.