Cicely Tyson - Civil Rights - 3 Part Assignment

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CicelyTyson1933-.pdf

CICELY TYSON (1933- ) DECEMBER 5, 2013 /  CONTRIBUTED BY: ELWOOD WATSON

Critically acclaimed actor Cicely Tyson was born in Harlem, New York City, New York on December 19,

1933. She is the daughter of William and Theodosia Tyson. Her father was a carpenter and her mother

was a domestic. Her parents were immigrants from Saint Kitts and Nevis in the West Indies.

After graduating from Charles Evans High School in Manhattan in 1951, Tyson landed a position as a

secretary for the American Red Cross. Unsatisfied with the work, she enrolled in the Barbara Watson

Modeling School to pursue a career in modeling.

By the late 1950s, Tyson had become one of the top black models in the United States. Her face appeared

on the cover of black oriented magazines such as Ebony and Jet. While waiting in the offices of Ebony

magazine she was encouraged to audition for a role in the film The Spectrum, which discussed conflicts

between dark and light skinned blacks. Tyson won the role but The Spectrum was never completed due

to financial problems. This experience however persuaded Tyson that she should pursue a career in

acting.

Tyson began her career on the stage. In 1961, she appeared in the original cast of French playwright

Jean Genet’s The Blacks which became the longest running non-musical of the decade with over 1,400

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SUBJECTS: African American History, , People

TERMS: 20th Century (1900-1999), , Gender - Women, , Civil Rights - NAACP, , United States - New York, , Sororities-Delta Sigma Theta, , North America-St. Kitts and Nevis, , Occupation - Entertainer - Actor, , Media - Television and �lm

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CITE THIS ARTICLE IN APA FORMAT:

Watson, E. (2013, December 05) Cicely Tyson (1933- ). Retrieved from https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-

history/tyson-cicely-1933/

SOURCE OF THE AUTHOR'S INFORMATION:

http://www.biography.com/people/cicley-tyson-9512950 November 20, 2013,  Gale Contemporary Black Biography.

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performances. In 1963, at the insistence of academy award winning actor George C. Scott, she became a

part of the cast of East Side/West Side of which Scott was the star.

By the mid-1960s and early 1970s, Tyson was a frequent guest star on television appearing in I-Spy,

Naked City, The Nurses, The Bill Cosby Show and a number of other programs. Her movie career

progressed more slowly. Like many black performers of her generation, Tyson was leery of the

“blaxploitation” films of the era and held out for a film that promoted positive images of African

Americans.

That film came in 1972 when she was cast in the role of Rebecca Morgan in Sounder. The film examined

the life of a black family in the Depression-era South with dignity and compassion. Tyson’s performance

garnered positive reviews from critics and she was nominated for both an academy award and a golden

globe award. In 1974, she broke new ground for black actors when she received an Emmy award for her

portrayal of the character Jane Pittman, based on a novel written by Ernest J. Gaines. Her performance

made her one of the premier actresses of her generation.

Tyson appeared as Coretta Scott King in the 1978 movie King opposite actor Paul Winfield. Other

acclaimed movie roles included Roots, The Marva Collins Story, When No One Would Listen, and The

Oldest Living Confederate Widow Tells All. The latter performance in 1994 earned her a third Emmy

award.

In 1994, Tyson starred in the short lived television series, Sweet Justice, opposite Little House on The

Prairie star Melissa Gilbert. Other performances that year included Because of Winn-Dixie and Diary of

A Mad Black Woman. It was also during this year that she was honored at Oprah Winfrey’s Legends

Ball.

Fiercely guarded about her privacy, little is known of Tyson’s personal life. She was briefly married to the

late jazz trumpeter Miles Davis in 1981. The couple divorced in 1988. She is also committed to

community involvement. She founded the Dance Theater of Harlem along with Arthur Miller. She is also

a member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority.

In 2010, Tyson was the recipient of the Spingarn Medal from the NAACP. Three years later in 2013,

Tyson received a Tony award for her Broadway performance of Carrie Watts in The Trip To Bountiful.

She won the Drama Desk Award as well as The Outer Critics Circle Award for the role as well. Cicely

Tyson continues her acting career.

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