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The Theory of Human Becoming: Rosemarie Rizzo Parse

Chapter 19

Overview of Rosemary Parse’s Humanbecoming Theory

Four essential ideas are reflected in the concepts, assumptions, and propositions:

The human–universe mutual process

The co-constitution of health

The multidimensional meanings the indivisible human gives to being and becoming

The human’s freedom in each situation to choose alternative ways of becoming

Major Themes of Parse’s Humanbecoming Theory

Meaning is the linguistic and imagined content of something and the interpretation that one gives to something

Meaning is further defined by the concepts of imaging, valuing, and languaging

Major Themes of Parse’s Humanbecoming Theory

Rhythmicity is the cadent, paradoxical patterning of the human–universe mutual process

Rhythmicity is further defined by the concepts of revealing–concealing, enabling–limiting, and connecting–separating

Major Themes of Parse’s Humanbecoming Theory

Transcendence is defined by Parse as reaching beyond with possibles—the “hopes and dreams envisioned in multidimensional experiences powering the originating of transforming”

Transcendence is further defined by the concepts of powering, originating, and transforming

Major Principles of the Humanbecoming Theory

Three major principles of the humanbecoming theory flow from the themes

First principle proposes that persons structure or choose the meaning of their realities and that the choosing occurs at levels that are not always known explicitly

Major Principles of the Humanbecoming Theory

Second principle proposes that persons create patterns in life, and these patterns reveal something about their personal meanings and values

Second principle has three associated concepts: revealing–concealing, enabling–limiting, and connecting–separating

Major Principles of the Humanbecoming Theory

Third principle proposes that persons are always engaging with and choosing from infinite possibilities. The choices made by a person reflect that person’s ways of moving and changing in the process of becoming

Three concepts associated with principle include powering, originating, and transforming

Major Concepts of Nursing According to Parse

Person: an open being, more than and different than the sum of parts in mutual simultaneous interchange with the environment who chooses from options and bears responsibility for choices

Environment: in mutual process with the person

Major Concepts of Nursing According to Parse

Health: continuously changing process of becoming

Nursing: as a learned discipline the nurse uses true presence to facilitate the becoming of the participant

Assumptions of the Theory of Humanbecoming: Humans and Health

The human is coexisting while coconstituting rhythmical patterns with universe (coexistence, coconstitution, and pattern)

The human is open, freely choosing meaning with situation, bearing responsibility for decisions (situated freedom, openness, and energy field)

Assumptions of the Theory of Humanbecoming: Humans and Health

The human is continuously coconstituting patterns of relating (energy field, pattern, and coconstitution)

The human is transcending illimitably with possibles (pandimensionality, openness, and situated freedom)

Assumptions of the Theory of Humanbecoming: Humans and Health

Becoming is human–living–health (openness, situated freedom, and coconstitution)

Becoming is rhythmically coconstituting with humanuniverse (coconstitution, pattern, and pandimensionality)

Becoming is the human’s patterns of relating value priorities (situated freedom, pattern, and openness)

Assumptions of the Theory of Humanbecoming: Humans and Health

Becoming is intersubjective transcending with possibles (openness, situated freedom, and coexistence)

Becoming is the human’s emerging (coexistence, energy field, and pandimensionality)

Assumptions of the Theory of Humanbecoming as Synthesized

Humanbecoming is freely choosing personal meaning with situation, intersubjectively living value priorities

Humanbecoming is configuring rhythmical patterns of relating with the humanuniverse

Humanbecoming is cotranscending illimitably with emerging possibles

Propositions of the Theory of Humanbecoming

Humanbecoming is structuring meaning multidimensionally in cocreating paradoxical rhythmical patterns of relating while cotranscending with the possibles

Powering emerges with the revealing–concealing of imaging

Originating emerges with the enabling–limiting of valuing

Propositions of the Theory of Humanbecoming

Humanbecoming is the day-to-day creating of reality through the languaging of valuing and imaging as the paradoxical rhythmical patterns of revealing–concealing, enabling–limiting, and connecting–separating are powering ways of originating transforming

Transforming emerges with the languaging of connecting–separating

Brief Critique of the Theory of Humanbecoming

Internally consistent and congruent with conceptual and philosophical origins

Highly abstract and complex

Vocabulary presents a barrier to use

Supported by evidence

Has been used in a variety of settings

Parse’s Theory of Humanbecoming as a Framework for Nursing Practice

Three processes for practice have been developed from the concepts and principles in the humanbecoming theory:

Illuminating meaning is explicating what was, is, and will be; “explicating” is making clear what is appearing now through speech, silence, movement, and stillness of languaging

Parse’s Theory of Humanbecoming as a Framework for Nursing Practice

Synchronizing rhythms is dwelling with the pitch, yaw, and roll of the humanuniverse process; “dwelling with” is immersing with the flow of connecting–separating.

Mobilizing transcendence is moving beyond the meaning moment with what is not yet; “moving beyond” is propelling with envisioned possibles of transforming