AMERICA HISTORY (H101)

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AnExampleofaSolidChapterEssay11.doc

Note: In this example, students were required to only discuss five events--you must discuss eight!!

Chapter 30 deals with the effects of the Cold War and decolonization after World War II. It highlights the struggles between the U.S. and the Soviet Union as both emerged as war victors and global super powers. It also highlights the ideological conflicts between the two nations and the source of their differences. The chapter ends with a discussion of the Vietnam war.

     The first event that I deem to be most important in chapter 30 is the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. This event was the climax of tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. When Cuba began its  socialist regime the U.S. looked down upon it and tried to put an end to it in an attempt to prevent the spread of communism. Cuba developed a relationship with the Soviet Union after they embraced the notion that the U.S. would not let them govern themselves in peace. The Soviet Union took advantage of this situation by secretly shipping missiles to Cuba. When the U.S. found out, they ordered Russia to withdraw the missiles or prepare for war. With tensions at their height and the world holding its breath the Soviet Union agreed to withdraw its missiles and the U.S. withdrew theirs from Turkey. This is important because this is the closest the world had come to all-out nuclear war. Additionally, it is a defining moment in the Cold War.

             The second event that I deem to be most important is the Vietnam War that took place between 1965-1975. The war began as an offensive to prevent the spread of communism and was influenced by the fabricated Gulf of Tonkin incident. By 1965 there were over 200,000 American military personnel in Vietnam. The war became the first majority televised war in history. The war’s brutal jungle fighting and use of volatile chemicals like Napalm and …