Which one of the following is an advantage of corporations relative to partnerships and sole

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1. (TCO A) Which one of the following is an advantage of corporations relative to partnerships and sole proprietorships? (Points : 5)
Reduced legal liability for investors
Harder to transfer ownership
Lower taxes
Most common form of organization


2. (TCO A) The Dividends account _____. (Points : 5)
is increased with a debit
is decreased with a credit
is not an expense account
All of the above


3. (TCOs A, B) Below is a partial list of account balances for Kerner Company:

Cash $10,000
Prepaid insurance 1,000
Accounts receivable 5,000
Accounts payable 4,000
Notes payable 6,000
Common stock 2,000
Dividends 1,000
Revenues 30,000
Expenses 25,000

What did Kerner Company show as total credits? (Points : 5)
$43,000
$41,000
$42,000
$44,000


4. (TCOs B, E) A small and private company may be able to justify using a cash basis of accounting if it has _____. (Points : 5)
sales under $1,000,000
no accountants on staff
insignificant receivables and payables
all sales and purchases on account


5. (TCO D) Two companies report the same cost of goods available for sale, but each employs a different inventory costing method. If the price of goods has increased during the period, then the company using _____. (Points : 5)
LIFO will have the highest ending inventory
FIFO will have the highest cost of goods sold
FIFO will have the highest ending inventory
LIFO will have the lowest cost of goods sold


6. (TCOs A, E) Equipment with a cost of $192,000 has an estimated salvage value of $18,000 and an estimated life of 4 years or 12,000 hours. It is to be depreciated by the straight-line method. What is the amount of depreciation for the first full year, during which the equipment was used 3,300 hours? (Points : 5)
$48,000
$52,500
$49,500
$43,500


7. (TCOs D, G) Joyce Corporation issues 1,000 ten-year, 8%, $1,000 bonds dated January 1, 2007, at 102. The journal entry to record the issuance will show a _____. (Points : 5)
debit to Cash of $1,020,000
debit to Discount on Bonds Payable for $20,000
credit to Bonds Payable for $1,020,000
credit to Cash for $1,000,000


8. (TCO C) Accounts receivable arising from sales to customers amounted to $80,000 and $70,000 at the beginning and end of the year, respectively. Income reported on the income statement for the year was $240,000. Exclusive of the effect of other adjustments, the cash flows from operating activities to be reported on the statement of cash flows is _____. (Points : 5)
$240,000
$250,000
$310,000
$230,000


9. (TCO F) Which one of the following is not a tool in financial statement analysis? (Points : 5)
Horizontal analysis
Circular analysis
Vertical analysis
Ratio analysis


10. (TCO F) Comparisons of data within a company are an example of the following comparative basis. (Points : 5)
Industry averages
Intercompany
Intracompany
Interregional


11. (TCO F) Which one of the following is not a characteristic generally evaluated in ratio analysis? (Points : 5)
Liquidity
Profitability
Marketability of the product
Solvency


12. (TCO F) Short-term creditors are usually most interested in assessing _____. (Points : 5)
solvency
liquidity
marketability
profitability


13. (TCO F) Return on common stockholder's equity ratio is affected by _____. (Points : 5)
net income
dividend paid to preferred stock, if any
leverage (debt-to-assets ratio)
All of the above


14. (TCO G) The present value of a bond is a function of which factors below? (Points : 5)
The market interest rate
The length of time until the amounts are received
The dollar amounts to
be received
All of the above

1.

(TCO A) Below you will find selected information (in millions) from Coca-Cola Co.’s 2012 Annual Report:

Income Taxes Payable

$471

Short-term Investments and Marketable Securities

8,109

Cash

8,442

Other non-current Liabilities

10,449

Common Stock

1,760

Receivables

4,812

Other Current Assets

2,973

Long-term Investments

10,448

Other Non-current Assets

3,585

Property, Plant and Equipment

23,486

Trademarks

6,527

Other Intangible Assets

20,810

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

53

Accumulated Depreciation

9,010

Accounts Payable

8,680

Short Term Notes Payable

17,874

Prepaid Expenses

2,781

Other Current Liabilities

796

Long-Term Liabilities

14,736

Paid-in-Capital in Excess of Par Value

11,379

Retained Earnings

55,038

Inventories

3,264

Treasury Stock

35,009





Other information taken from the Annual Report:





Sales Revenue for 2012

$48,017

Cost of Goods Sold for 2012

19,053

Net Income for 2012

9,019

Inventory Balance on 12/31/11

3,092

Net Accounts Receivable Balance on 12/31/11

4,920

Total Assets on 12/31/11

79,974

Equity Balance on 12/31/11

31,921


Required:
1. Using the information provided prepare a Balance Sheet. Separate the current assets from non-current assets and provide a total for each. Also separate the current liabilities from the non-current liabilities and provide a total for each.
2. Using the Balance Sheet from your answer above, calculate the Current Ratio and Return on common stockholders’ equity ratio. (Make sure to show all your work).

(Points : 36)



2.
(TCO B) The following selected data was retrieved from the Wal-Mart, Inc. financial statements for the year ending January 31, 2013:




Accounts Payable

$38,080

Accounts Receivable

6,768

Cash

7,781

Common Stock

3,952

Cost of Goods Sold

352,488

Income Tax Expense

7,981

Interest Expenses

2,064

Membership Revenues

3,048

Net Sales

466,114

Operating, Selling and Administrative Expenses

88,873

Retained Earnings

72,978

Required:

Using the information provided above:
1. Prepare a multiple-step income statement
2. Calculate the Profit Margin, and Gross profit rate for the company. Be sure to provide the formula you are using, show your calculations, and discuss your findings/results.

(Points : 36)



3. (TCO C) Please review the following real-world Hewlett Packard Statement of Cash flows and address the 2 questions below:
Cash flow from operating activities

In millions

In millions



For the year ended 2012

For the year ended 2011

Net (loss) earnings

$(12,650)

$7,074

Depreciation and amortization

5,095

4,984

Impairment of goodwill and purchased intangible assets

18,035

885

Stock-based compensation expense

635

685

Provision for doubtful accounts

142

81

Provision for inventory

277

217

Restructuring charges

2,266

645

Deferred taxes on earnings

(711)

166

Excess tax benefit from stock-based competition

(12)

(163)

Other, net

265

(46)

Accounts and financing receivables

1,269

(227)

Inventory

890

(1,252)

Accounts payable

(1,414)

275

Taxes on earnings

(320)

610

Restructuring

(840)

(1,002)

Other assets and liabilities

(2,356)

(293)

Net cash provided by operating activities

10,571

12,639

Cash flows from investing activities:





Investment in property, plant, and equipment

(3,706)

(4,539)

Proceeds from sale of property, plant, and equipment

617

999

Purchases of available-for-sale securities and other investments

(972)

(96)

Maturities and sales of available-for-sale securities and other investment

662

68

Payments in connection with business acquisitions, net of cash acquired

(141)

(10,480)

Proceeds from business divestiture, net

87

89

Net cash used in investing activities

(3,453)

(13,959)

Cash flow from financing activities:





(Payments) issuance of commercial paper and notes payable, net

(2,775)

(1,270)

Issuance of debt

5,154

11,942

Payment of debt

(4,333)

(2,336)

Issuance of common stock under employee stock plans

716

896

Repurchase of common stock

(1,619)

(10,117)

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

12

163

Cash dividends paid

(1,015)

(844)

Net cash used in financing activities

(3,860)

(1,566)

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

3,258

(2,886)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

8,043

10,929

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$11,301

$8,043

Required:

1) Please calculate the percentage increase or decrease in cash for the total line of the operating, investing, and financing sections bolded above and explain the major reasons for the increase or decrease for each of these sections.

2) Please calculate the free cash flow for 2012 and explain the meaning of this ratio.

(Points : 36)



4. (TCO D) You are CFO of Goforit, Inc., a wholesale distribution company specializing in emerging technologies. Your CEO is a brilliant marketer, but relies on you to explain issues and choices in accounting and finance. She has heard from other members of a CEO organization to which she belongs that a company’s net income can vary widely depending on which accounting choices are made from the “GAAP menu.”

Assuming the goal is to maximize net income, choose an accounting treatment from each of the following scenarios, and explain to your CEO why the choice will produce the desired effect on reported Net Income for the current year. Include in your answer the effect of the choice on both the income statement and balance sheet.

Required:
a. Goforit carries significant electronics inventory in a competitive environment where prices are actually falling. Which inventory valuation method would you choose—LIFO, FIFO, or average cost? Assume that unit purchases exceed unit sales.

b. Goforit has a large investment in warehouse equipment including conveyor belts, forklifts, and automated packaging systems. Which depreciation method would you choose: Straight line (SL) or double declining balance (DDB)?

(Points : 36)



5. (TCO F) Please review the following real-world ratios for Johnson & Johnson and Pfizer for the year ended 2012 and address the 2 questions below.
Ratio Name

Johnson & Johnson

Pfizer







Profit margin

16.1%

24.7%

Inventory turnover ratio

3.1

1.7

Average collection period

59.4 days

69.1 days

Cash debt coverage ratio

.27

.16

Debt to Total assets

46.6%

127.5%

Required:

1) Please explain the meaning of each of the Pfizer ratios above.

2) Please state which company performed better for each ratio. 

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