Suppose the equilibrium quantity in the market for widgets is 200 per month when there is no tax

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1. Suppose the equilibrium quantity in the market for widgets is 200 per month when there is no tax. Then a tax of $5 per widget is imposed. As a result, the government is able to raise $740 per month in tax revenue. We can conclude that the equilibrium of widgets has fallen by how much? 

 

John is considering starting a t-shirt company. To do so would require the purchase of a machine to imprint the t-shirts. Cost = $50,000 with no resale value. A corporate "friend" has promised John a one-year contract for 20,000 shorts, if his price is "right". The marginal cost of producing a t-shirt is $1.50. 

a. What is the lowest price John can offer for this contract? 

b. At the end of the one-year contract, what will his "friend" offer John as the price for an extension of the deal? 

 

 

 

2. Now, assume that John (from the question above) left a job at which he made $65,000 per year. To pay for the machine, John borrowed $40,000 from the bank at an interest rate of 7%. The balance of the purchase price ($10,000) came from John's personal savings account, where it has been earning 3%. If he charged $5.00 per shirt for the first year's contract, what was his accounting profit? What was his economic profit?

 

 

3. Marginal Analysis

 

Number of workers Total cost

0 50

1 110

2 160

3 200

4 240

5 250

6 260

7 280

8 310

9 350

10 400

 

If hiring the 7th worker increases total product by 5 units and the price of each unit is $2, should he/she be hired? Why or why not? 

  • 6 years ago
Suppose the equilibrium quantity in the market for widgets is 200 per month when there is no tax
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