# In A Study Of The Effects Of Stress On Illness, A Researcher Tallied The Number Of Colds

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Answer to the following questions: 0. In a study of the effects of stress on illness, a researcher tallied the number of colds...
0. In a study of the effects of stress on illness, a researcher tallied the number of colds people

contracted during a 6-month period as a function of the amount of stress they reported during

that
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0. In a study of the effects of stress on illness, a researcher tallied the number of colds people

contracted during a 6-month period as a function of the amount of stress they reported during

that same time period. There were three stress levels: minimal, moderate, and high stress. The

sums of squares appear in the following ANOVA summary table. The mean for each condition and the number of subjects per condition are also noted.

Source df SS MS F

Between groups 22.167

Within groups 14.750

Total 36.917

Stress Level Mean N

Minimal 3 4

Moderate 4 4

High 6 4

a. Complete the ANOVA summary table.

b. Is Fobt significant at a = .05; at a = .01?

c. Perform post hoc comparisons if necessary.

d. What conclusions can be drawn from the F-ratio and the post hoc comparisons?

e. What is the effect size, and what does this mean?

f. Graph the means.

12. A researcher conducted an experiment on the effects of a new “drug” on depression. The

researcher had a control group that received nothing, a placebo group, and an experimental

group that received the “drug.” A depression inventory that provided a measure of depression

on a 50-point scale was used (50 indicates that an individual is very high on the depression vari-

able). The ANOVA summary table appears next, along with the mean depression score for each

condition.

Source df SS MS F

Between groups 1,202.313

Within groups 2,118.00

Total 3,320.313

“Drug” Condition Mean n

Control 36.26 15

Placebo 33.33 15

“Drug” 24.13 15

a. Complete the ANOVA summary table.

b. Is Fobt significant at a = .05; at a = .01?

c. Perform post hoc comparisons if necessary.

d. What conclusions can be drawn from the

F-ratio and the post hoc comparisons?

e. What is the effect size, and what does this mean?

f. Graph the means.

14. A researcher has been hired by a pizzeria to determine which type of crust customers prefer.

The restaurant offers three types of crust: hand-tossed, thick, and thin. Following are the mean number of 1-inch pieces of pizza eaten for each condition from 10 subjects who had the oppor-

tunity to eat as many pieces with each type of crust as they desired. The ANOVA summary table also follows.

Source df SS MS F

Subject 2.75

Between 180.05

Error 21.65

Total 204.45

Crust Type Mean n

Hand-tossed 2.73 10

Thick 4.20 10

Thin 8.50 10

a. Complete the ANOVA summary table.

b. Is Fobt significant at a = .05; at a = .01?

c. Perform post hoc comparisons if necessary.

d. What conclusions can be drawn from the F-ratio and the post hoc comparisons?

e. What is the effect size, and what does this mean?

f. Graph the means.

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