A+ Solution UOP CHM/150 Qualitative Cation Tests Lab

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Qualitative Cation Tests

 

Peter Jeschofnig, Ph.D. Version 42-0194-00-01

 

Lab Report Assistant                                                                                              

 

This document is not meant to be a substitute for a formal laboratory report. The Lab Report Assistant is simply a summary of the experiment’s questions, diagrams if needed, and data tables that should be addressed in a formal lab report. The intent is to facilitate students’ writing of lab reports by providing this information in an editable file which can be sent to an instructor.

 

 

 

Observations                                                                                                             

 

Data Table: Qualitative Cation Tests

 

Name

 

Test Tube 1 (HCl)

 

NH3

Test Tube 2 (NaOH)

 

Excess

Aluminum 3+

 

 

 

 

Ammonium +

 

 

 

 

Calcium 2+

 

 

 

 

Copper 2+

 

 

 

 

Iron 3+

 

 

 

 

Lead 2+

 

 

 

 

Silver +

 

 

 

 

Zinc 2+

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name

 

Test Tube 3 (NH3)

 

Excess

Test Tube 4

confirmation

Aluminum 3+

 

 

 

Ammonium +

 

 

 

Calcium 2+

 

 

 

Copper 2+

 

 

 

Iron 3+

 

 

 

Lead 2+

 

 

 

Silver +

 

 

 

Zinc 2+

 

 

 

 

 

 

Questions                                                                                                                           

 

A.  Write net ionic equations for all reactions that produce a precipitate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B.   Identify the cations that precipitate with hydrochloric acid and dissolve in the presence of ammonia.

 

 

 

C.   Identify the cations that precipitate with hydrochloric acid and do not redissolve in the presence of ammonia.

 

 

 

D.  Identify the cations that precipitate upon addition of two or three drops of sodium hydroxide but redissolve upon addition of excess sodium hydroxide.

 

 

 

E.   Identify the cations that precipitate upon addition of two or three drops of sodium hydroxide and are not affected by additional sodium hydroxide.

 

 

 

F.    Identify the cations that precipitate upon addition of two or three drops of aqueous ammonia but redissolve upon addition of excess aqueous ammonia.

 

 

 

G.  Identify the cations that precipitate upon addition of two or three drops of aqueous ammonia and are not affected by additional aqueous ammonia.

 

 

 

H.  What simple test would distinguish Ag+ and Cu2+ ?

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    A+ Solution UOP CHM/150 Qualitative Cation Tests Lab
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