Response to DQ1A

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Respond to the below person's DQ.  Write as if you are directly speaking to them. Provide additional insight or thoughts or offer a different approach.  Use in text citations and APA formatting.

 

This learner gained a wealth of knowledge that contributed to the unique nature of American violence from the article The Effects of Immigrant Concentration on Changes in Neighborhood Crime Rates. The Article examines the intensity of immigrant and magnitude to which it is associated with a reduction in crime rates in a neighborhood in the city of Los Angeles. “This study showed “the link between within-neighborhood changes in crime and immigrant settlement patterns in LA, net the effects of population and housing characteristics traditionally correlated with crime” (Macdonald, J. M., Hipp, J. R., & Gill, C, 2013, p. 209). The study itself revealed that with an increased focus on immigrants in neighborhoods there was a sizeable decline in the rate of crime.

 The insight this learner gained in regarding urbanization and the increasing number of people that live in urban neighborhoods of the city of Los Angeles is that this increase acutely decreased crime rates. In a neighborhood with a predominantly Latino and African American community both violent crimes (aggravated assault homicide, robbery, and rape) and neighborhood crime were reduced the first by 40.9% and the second by 35.7%. (Macdonald, J. M., Hipp, J. R., & Gill, C, 2013).  This reduction of crime is uncommon due to the fact that social and physical disorder in urban neighborhoods that may go unchecked has a possibility of leading to increases in more serious crime. In society, today urbanization is considered an originator of crime. When looking at the “Broken windows” urban areas with signs of declining physical indicates that those in the neighbor done care about crime in their community. This study showed that urbanization doesn’t breed crime but rather the opposite in some cases (Raudenbush & Sampson, 2001).

  When this learner looked at the statistical data in relations to the size of the study’s population within the community the insight this learner gained about the size of the population is that the size seems to have a notable effect on the level of crime in the community. “The geographic dispersion of immigrant concentrations in Los Angeles neighborhoods between 1990 and 2000 indicating that the growth in Hispanic/ Latino residents and immigrants was not uniform across Los Angeles” (Macdonald, J. M.,Hipp, J. R., & Gill, C, 2013, p. 201). For geographic areas, the study relayed on 19 unique geographic areas that police allocation and planning decisions were the day. Had the study been done on a large community the effect may be different.  

 The changing demographics and urbanization impacts the U.S. criminal justice system is a number of ways.  According to the article “Prominent perspectives of neighborhood dynamics of crime have suggested that immigration is either spuriously related to crime, or increases crime through the process of population turnover”. (Macdonald, J. M., Hipp, J. R., & Gill, C, 2013, p. 193-194). With crime being an all too common thing in society, urbanization, when you come right down to it, brings with it some resources of crime to occur. The changing demographics and urbanization affected not only the structure but also the functions of a community.  As society ensures continuous changes immigrants this brings with it issues of increasing crime rates. While the articles study in the relationship between immigrant concentration and neighborhood crime rates showed many different results outside Los Angeles the changing neighborhood patterns of crime need more study Macdonald, J. M., Hipp, J. R., & Gill, C, 2013).

 References:

Raudenbush, S. & Sampson, R. (2001). Disorder in Urban Neighborhoods— Does It Lead to Crime?. National Institute of Justice. Retrieved 22 June 2016, from http://www.scholar.harvard.edu/files/sampson/files/2001_nij_raudenbush.pdf

Macdonald, J. M., Hipp, J. R., & Gill, C. (2013). The effects of immigrant concentration on changes in neighborhood crime rates. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 29(2), 191-215. 

    • Posted: 3 years ago
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