Above all, the Abbasid caliphate promised to provide
A) an enlarged empire.
B) religious equality. 
C) improved educational opportunities. 
D) realigned governmental bodies.
E) more religious leadership.

Sharia may be defined as
A) rules giving women inferior status.
B) examples set by Muhammad.
C) a private donation to charity.
D) sacred law.
E) pilgrimage.

Abbasid bureaucracy was directed by a sort of prime minister, or
A) emir.
B) kadi.
C) caliph.
D) Muezzin.
E) vizier.

Through the "Closing of the Gates," the Muslim ulama (religious scholars)
A) sought to close Islam to Christians and Jews.
B) convinced the majority of Muslims that God's laws had been made complete, so there was to be no further questioning.
C) rewrote religious laws to conform to their beliefs about God's will for his people.
D) brought the examples set by Muhammad to the center of Muslim religious belief.
E) seized power from the vizier, or prime minister.

The Muslim army under the Abbasids was
A) mainly Arab mercenaries.
B) international and well-respected.
C) mainly Persian slaves.
D) no match for Byzantine soldiers.
E) composed mainly of very young Arab men.

The most famous example of Muslim architecture in the world is the
A) Ka'ba.
B) Taj Mahal.
C) House of Wisdom.
D) Azhar Mosque.
E) University of Cairo Planetarium.

Which of the following statements best describes the network of trade that flourished from Muhammad's time up to about 1500?
A) Hindus and Muslims fought several major battles over control of the Indian Ocean trade.
B) Africa was less important than India but more important than Asia.
C) Europe and Asia were the largest consumers in the world.
D) Trade was responsible for a tremendous exchange of ideas as well as goods.
E) As a part of this vast trade network, Africa supplied pepper and spices to Asia.

The Qur'an allows but does not encourage a man to have how many wives?
A) three
B) five
C) two
D) four
E) an indefinite number

In Abbasid Muslim society, slavery was
A) unknown.
B) usually reserved for work in mines.
C) exceedingly harsh.
D) hereditary.
E) not uncommon but not usually a difficult life.

The world's various trading cities during the Abbasid caliphate, such as Córdoba, Madrid, and Baghdad, would best be described as
A) crime-ridden.
B) cosmopolitan.
C) culturally lacking.
D) religiously divided.
E) restrictive.


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