1) John wants to train his dog, Spot, to shake hands. John decides to reward Spot with a treat every time Spot raises his paw. John hopes to increase Spot’s handshaking behavior by following the behavior with a reward. This is an example of

 

 

A. [removed] aversive conditioning

 

B. [removed] positive reinforcement

 

C. [removed] extinction

 

D. [removed] negative reinforcement

  

2) Philosophers who believe that truth can emerge from the careful use of reason are known as

 

 

A. [removed] Dualists

 

B. [removed] Rationalists

 

C. [removed] Nativists

 

D. [removed] Empiricists

  

3) The two branches of statistical methods are

 

 

A. [removed] quadratic; quantitative

 

B. [removed] informal; formal

 

C. [removed] quantitative; qualitative

 

D. [removed] consumer; quantum

  

4) In a topographical representation of the motor cortex, the homunculus is the largest area devoted to

 

 

A. [removed] arms and legs

 

B. [removed] the face

 

C. [removed] the tongue

 

D. [removed] the hands

  

5) What theorist presents a hierarchy of needs and motivations?

 

 

A. [removed] Abraham Maslow

 

B. [removed] Carl Jung

 

C. [removed] B.F. Skinner

 

D. [removed] Sigmund Freud

  

6) Which of the following would be a concern for a person during early adulthood?

 

 

A. [removed] Relationships

 

B. [removed] Midlife Crisis

 

C. [removed] Leisure-time activities

 

D. [removed] Civic responsibility

  

7) In operant conditioning, which of the following is accurate?

 

 

A. [removed] Any response that is followed by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated.

 

B. [removed] Any response that is followed by reward tends to become extinct.

 

C. [removed] Any response that is preceded by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated.

 

D. [removed] Any response that is followed by punishment is likely to not be repeated.

  

8) The child begins to initiate, not imitate activities; to develop a conscience; and to experience a sexual identity. The ______stage, as defined by Erik Erikson, involves the crisis of initiative versus guilt.

 

 

A. [removed] Infant

 

B. [removed] Preschooler

 

C. [removed] School-age child

 

D. [removed] Toddler

  

9) Which theorist is most associated with Social Learning Theory?

 

 

A. [removed] Carl Rogers

 

B. [removed] Albert Bandura

 

C. [removed] Rollo May

 

D. [removed] B.F. Skinner

  

10) Which of the following is one of the five subtypes of schizophrenia?

 

 

A. [removed] Delusional

 

B. [removed] Organized

 

C. [removed] Complex

 

D. [removed] Catatonic

  

11) The two psychologists credited with being the main founders of Industrial and Organizational Psychology are

 

 

A. [removed] Sherlin and Billingsly

 

B. [removed] Freud and Jung

 

C. [removed] Hebb and Skinner

 

D. [removed] Munsterberg and Scott

  

12) Culture-bound syndromes refer to

 

 

A. [removed] medical conditions found in geographic areas of the world

 

B. [removed] medical or psychic conditions limited to specific societies or cultural areas

 

C. [removed] cultural names for common conditions found around the world

 

D. [removed] medical or psychic conditions that are influenced by cultural factors

  

13) Environmental psychology can be defined as a behavioral science that investigates the interrelationships between

 

 

A. [removed] physical environment and human behavior

 

B. [removed] emotional motivations and human behavior

 

C. [removed] family dynamic and work behavior

 

D. [removed] biological causes of physiological disregard

  

14) Validity in testing refers to which of the following?

 

 

A. [removed] Test scores are stable

 

B. [removed] Different forms of the test can be used

 

C. [removed] The test is measuring what it set to measure

 

D. [removed] Whether the test is available in different languages

  

15) Most psychotherapists would describe themselves as being

 

 

A. [removed] Psychoanalytic

 

B. [removed] Behavioral

 

C. [removed] Cognitive

 

D. [removed] Eclectic

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