Please complete the attached file using Chapters 1 - 9 from the book "From the Folks who Brought you the Week-end"
Always give specific, historical examples to justify your arguments.
Read and follow the directions for each question carefully.
___ Eugene V. Debs a. IWW songwriter and martyr
___ Joyce Miller b. Founder of the United Farm Workers
___ Samuel Gompers c. President of the UAW
___ Joe Hill d. Socialist Party Presidential candidate and President of ARU
___ John L. Lewis e. CLUW President and first woman on the AFL-CIO’s executive bd.
___ A. Philip Randolph f. AFL’s founding President
___ Terrance Powderly g. Leader of the Women’s Emergency Brigade
___ Walter Reuther h. President of UMWA and founder of the CIO
___ Genora Johnson i. Founder of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
___ Cesar Chavez j. Head of the Knights of Labor
2. Chose 2 of the following labor disputes and describe (1) the events that took place; (2) the key persons or organizations involved; (3) the significance of the event in American labor history:
Seattle General Strike of 1919
Steel Strike of 1919
The Great Sit Down Strike of Flint
SWOC and Little Steel
3. Pick 1 of the following years that was pivotal in labor history. List the major labor-related events that took place and the impact it had.
___ Wagner Act
___ Taft-Hartley Act
___Yellow Dog Contracts
___ 14th Amendment
___ Sherman Act
___ War Labor Boards
___ Commonwealth v. Hunt
___ Clayton Act
___ Landrum-Griffin Act
a. 1914, after the Ludlow massacre; prohibited the use of anti-trust laws against peaceful and lawful strikes
b. 1842 Massachusetts Supreme Court ruling that overturned conspiracy charges against labor unions.
c. 1890, original intention of the law was to break up monopolies and trusts, but was mostly used against unions which were seen as conspiring to restrain free trade.
d. 1935, passed after the failure of NIRA Section 7(a) to be effective in the wake of the 1934 strike wave, this Federal law guarantees the right to form unions, engage in collective bargaining, and strike.
e. 1959, in reaction to corruption in labor unions, this law establishes a “workers bill of rights” and financial disclosure of union pension funds.
f. During World War One, it endorsed the 8-hour day, equal pay for women and union representation in defense contracts.
g. In 1886 the Supreme Court ruled that the term ‘person’ in this law applied to corporations, which in turn allowed it to be used to defend big business against labor unions.
h. 1947, limits the Wagner Act by outlawing secondary boycotts, bans the closed shop, allows states to pass “right to work” laws.
i. 1938, establishes overtime regulations and the minimum wage.
j. required workers to sign pledges that they did not belong to any union and would not engage in any union activities.
5. Complete the Chart: Compare and contrast K of L, AFL, IWW, and CIO in terms of their (1) types of members; (2) tactics; (3) key slogans, beliefs and ideologies. Show sufficient contrast among the four:
K of L
6. Describe how businesses have attacked labor unions. Give 5 specific & historical examples of tactics, laws or propaganda throughout American history.
___ TUEL & TUUL
___ National Trades Union
___ Daughters of St. Crispin
___ La Union de Jornaleros Unidos
___ National Labor Union
___ Treaty of Detroit
___ Women's Trade Union League
a. 1903, created to recruit women into the AFL
b. 1920s, left-wing association within and later separate from AFL, advanced industrial union organizing
c. 1911, migrant farm workers union formed in California
d. Union of tenant farmers in the South during the Great Depression
e. 1950 auto agreements that established COLAs, patterned bargaining, and multiyear contracts.
f. 1930s CIO organizing drives in the steel industry
g. 1972, coalition formed by African American trade unionists to address racism in labor
h. 1834, coalition of central labor federations in key cities
i. 1860s, first national union of women industrial workers
j. 1866, national network of local and national trade unions
8. Describe three female labor leaders and/or labor disputes involving women (do not use examples already used in question 1). Give 1 example of how the labor movement supported sexism and 1 example of how the labor movement supported and advanced equality for women.
9. Give 5 examples of corruption within the labor unions (i.e. unethical or illegal activity), including a brief description for each.
10. Some people say, "Nobody wins in a strike." Based on your reading of history, do you agree or disagree? Give two historical examples to support your opinion.
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