PartI. Use the traditional and modern squares of opposition to determine whether the following arguments are valid or invalid. For those that are invalid, name the fallacy that is committed.
1. All teenage smokers are persons who jeopardize their health. Therefore, some teenage smokers are persons who jeopardize their health.
2. No werewolves are creatures that lurk around in the daytime. Therefore, some werewolves are not creatures that lurk around in the daytime.
3. It is false that some cities in Japan are high crime areas. Therefore, some cities in Japan are not high crime areas.
4. All current residents of Atlantis are people with gills. Therefore, it is false that some current residents of Atlantis are not people with gills.
5. Some Miami policemen are not officers involved in drug trafficking. Therefore, no Miami policemen are officers involved in drug trafficking.
6. It is false that all opponent of school prayer are people who object to a moment of silence. Therefore, no opponents of school prayer are people who object of a moment of silence.
7. No palm trees indigenous to the Arctic are natural habitats for rodents. Therefore, it is false that all palm trees indigenous to the Arctic are natural habitats for rodents.
8. No vampires are avid connoisseurs of garlic bread. Therefore, it is false that some vampires are avid connoisseurs of garlic bread.
9. It is false that some juvenile killers are not criminals who deserve to be tried as adults. Therefore, it is false that no juvenile killers are criminals who deserve to be tried as adults.
10. It is false that some lung cancer vaccines are readily obtainable inoculations. Therefore, some lung cancer vaccines are not readily obtainable inoculations

 

 

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