PHI 208 Week 5 quiz (all correct)

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4.3 (139)

PHI 208 Week 5 quiz (all correct)

Question 1.                        This is the name of being aware of one’s appearance in relation to position, light, who is watching, etc.

                                                 habitual body monitoring




 Question 2.                       This is one way that men can contribute to the destruction of sexual objectification of women


                                                 they can be kind to women

                                                 they can tell women that they are attractive

                                                 they can stop seeking attention

                                                 they can stop evaluating women based on their looks


Question 3.                        In the video “Sexism in the News Media 2012” some newscasters blame military women for this


                                                 being killed in combat

                                                 being raped

                                                 not being able to have children

                                                 being war heroes

 Question 4.                       According to Gilligan, stages five and six of Kohlberg’s analysis of moral development involve


                                                 an egocentric understanding of fairness

                                                 shared conventions of societal agreement

                                                 a logic of equality and reciprocity

                                                 a disposition of emotional affectivity

 Question 5.                       What does Noddings say about male versus female language when opposing war?


Women are more likely to become emotional rather than rational when discussing such matters

 Women and men use approximately the same types of language when discussing the horror of death

  Men are more likely to speak in the abstract about violence; women are more likely to refer to their own hands on in helping victims of violence

 Women feel that language is irrelevant; it is actions that count

 Question 6.                       According to Held, feminist theories of self


                                                 pit humans against one another in competition

                                                 relate the individual to universal humankind

                                                 examine what it means to be a woman in a horrific male-dominated world

                                                 see the self as related to specific humans in relationship

Question 7.                        Which of the following are question in the Bechdel test


Is there more than one female character?

 Do they speak to each other?

 When they speak to each other, do they talk about something other than a man?

  all of the above


Question 8.                        According to psychiatric studies, which of the following has been discovered about the relationship between criminal violence and childhood abuse?


                                                 Criminal violence follows childhood abuse equally in males and females

                                                 Women are more likely to commit criminal violence if the childhood abuse was at a younger age

                                                 When criminal violence follows childhood abuse it is almost always in males

                                                 No correlation has been found at all between criminal violence and childhood abuse


Question 9.                        In Held’s article, a thinker named Annette Baier claims that the history of Western ethical thought does not take into account feminine aspects because


                                                 The great moral theorists were men who had little intimate interaction with women.

                                                 The great moral theorists were often loving husbands.

                                                 The great moral theorists hated women.

                                                 The great moral theorists

Question 10.                      Held claims that this abstract concept has guided the development of Western ethics


                                                 The man of reason

                                                 The feminist woman

                                                 The child of love

                                                 The mother of care

Question 11.                      What does Noddings have to say about essentialism about gender?


                                                 It is the clearly false view that men and women have essences

                                                 It is problematic because it has been associated with creation and because it has always favored males over females

                                                 It wrongly assumes that God could not have made us in ways that were contrary to our ‘essential nature’

                                                 Culture is irrelevant; all of our behaviors are innate


Question 12.                      How have historians tended to treat typically male tendencies versus typically female tendencies?


                                                 Historians value female tendencies more highly because it is childbearing and childrearing that enable the group to survive

                                                 Female traditions have been emphasized because they reflect keep aesthetic refinement and sophistication

                                                 Male tendencies, like mathematics, warfare, and even singing have been prized more highly

                                                 No correlation has been found at all between criminal violence and childhood abuse


Question 13.                      What does Noddings say about women’s feelings about the death of the body?


                                                 Women, more than anyone, just want to know that the soul of their child has gone to heaven

                                                 Women know the preciousness of the body because they create them and care for them

                                                 Women are happy not to have to deal with the messiness of dead bodies

                                                 Men tend to be more sensitive to the death of the body since they are the ones that have to risk their own lives in war


Question 14.                      This is the name of the female goddess to which young girls are dedicated and then forced into prostitution in India







Question 15.                      According to Held, the following have been aligned with femininity in the history of Western thought





                                                 all of the above

Question 16.                      According to Caroline Heldman, which of the following is a question that applies to her sexual object test?


                                                 Does the image show people having sex?

                                                 Does the image show a person as something that can be bought or sold?

                                                 Does the image display a full image of a woman?

                                                 Does the image display violence against people in the image?

Question 17.                      What does Nel Noddings say about rates of violent crime among men and women?

Men are naturally much more violence prone than women

 Women commit nearly as much crime as men do; gender differences here are illusory

  Men can be socialized not to commit crime, as seen in many eastern societies

  There has been no clearly demonstrated relation between gender and crime rates



Question 18.                      According to Colin Stokes, in this film all the heroic, wise, and villainous characters are female

                                                 The Little Mermaid

                                                 Star Wars

                                                 The Wizard of Oz

                                                 Les Miserables


Question 19.                      Held uses this example to talk about the political distinctions that separate men and women in the realms of the public and the private

                                                 a business man going out for cocktails

                                                 a mother nursing her child

                                                 a city planner developing a building

                                                 a mother homeschooling her children

 Question 20.                     This is the name for prostitutes in India who have been dedicated to a female goddess















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    PHI 208 Week 5 quiz (all correct)

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