Personality - Psychology Majors - MUST BE DONE IN 2 HOURS FROM ACCEPTING PROJECTtchantelle20g4
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The psychoanalytic theory all makes sense for the most part. The list of all of the defense mechanisms stands out to me, especially the displacement mechanism. I can highly relate that to myself and others during college. Since I’m currently rooming with five other guys, things can get a little tense and we all like to take anger out at the gym, instead of beating each other up. So I can see how people can use the displacement mechanism as a way to defend themselves and others from anxiety.
If I had to define myself with one of the big fives, I would choose the agreeable category. I pretty much agree with everything as long as it makes sense, and I normally try to see other people’s viewpoints on debatable situations. I normally never tell someone that they are wrong because we all have our opinions on a matter (and within reason, there is never a wrong answer on debates), and I suppose that’s why my suitemates like to say that I’m “super chill”. And if I had to describe my suitemates, I would argue that they are agreeable, with some being extraverts.
If I were to define myself based off of what William Sheldon thought, which was that people had predetermined personalities based off of body size, then I would be considered as an introvert. While I do believe that I “think outside the box” sometimes, I believe that there is a better, more accurate way to describe me. This is where anyone can clearly see the disadvantages of Sheldon’s theory; it is based off of physical appearance as opposed to what I truly think of myself. I can’t imagine Sheldon’s theory having any advantages over the big five. Our textbook even states that “well-controlled studies later found the correlations between Sheldon’s body types and personality traits to be weak or nonexistent”, which further indicates the unreliability of using the approach.
I believe that personalities are very little “biologically fixed”, and most of personalities are constructed through the surrounding environment. Environmental factors like parenting, neighborhood, and friends can shape someone’s character.
Lilienfeld, S. O. (2011). Psychology: From inquiry to understanding. Boston: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon.
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