MUSIC: THE MIDDLE AGES AND THE RENAISSANCE 1.In musical language, mezzo forte (mf) signals that the music's volume should be A.very loud. B.medium loud. C.medium soft. D.soft. 2.An example of a percussion instrument is the A.drum. B.violin. C.lute. D.shawm. 3.Harmony is used to support the melody by using A.chords. B.meter. C.tonic. D.monophonic chant. 4.Von Bingen's Play of Virtues is set to which of the following types of music? A.Harmonic B.Madrigal C.Orchestral D.Liturgical plainchant 5.A measured performance that adheres consistently to the duple meter would be read as A.1-2-3-4. B.1-2-3-4. C.1-2-3. D.1-2-3-4. 6.Roy will play a melody in triple meter and place the pulse of the meter on the first beat. Chuck will play the triple meter melody and place the pulse of the meter on the third beat. Who is playing the melody with the correct pulse? A.Chuck B.Neither is playing the melody correctly. C.Roy D.Both are playing the melody correctly. 7.The volume of sound is known as A.amplitude. B.dynamics. C.frequency. D.pitch. 8.Native American chant incorporates meaningless sung syllables that serve as a form of melodic instrument called A.drone bass. B.vocables. C.pulse. D.duple meter. 9.When a composer sets a single syllable of a word to several notes of music, he or she is using _______ style. A.cadence B.melismatic C.syllabic D.plainchant 10.By uniting words and music in their compositions, Renaissance composers brought the spirit of _______ to their work. A.protestantism B.humanism C.religion D.individuality 11.The texture of Gregorian chant is said to be A.heterophonic. B.polyphonic. C.monophonic. D.homophonic. 12.When a song's melody begins in the key of C major, it should end in the key of A.C major. B.F sharp. C.G. D.C minor. 13.In much church music into the nineteenth century, the soprano and alto part in a choir were sung by A.castrati. B.men singing falsetto. C.boys. D.nuns. 14.A capella choral music is meant to be A.sung without instrumental accompaniment. B.sung by women only. C.sung by men only. D.played in church on an organ. 15.What invention during the Renaissance period enabled people to purchase music for their own personal use? A.Faster delivery service B.Electronic recording devices C.Printing press D.Instruments for trained transcription workers 16.The basic framework for ordering music through time is the A.phrase. B.meter. C.syllable. D.value. 17.According to the textbook, the early Renaissance composer _______ was considered the best composer of his or her time. A.Josquin des Prez B.Hildegard von Bingen C.Baldassare Castiglione D.Palestrina 18.A structure of alternating sung lines among two or three singers in rhyme songs is called A.counterpoint. B.call-and-response. C.syncretism. D.intonation. 19.In plainchant, a sentence of text almost always ends with A.a minor chord. B.disjunct motion. C.cadence. D.the note D. 20.Until the sixteenth century, music was written primarily A.in the minor mode. B.for just one voice. C.for dance. D.in the major mode. MUSIC: THE BAROQUE ERA 1.The English opera Dido and Aeneas may be interpreted as a criticism of A.Adam and Eve. B.Napoleon and Josephine. C.Lancelot and Guinevere. D.King William and Queen Mary. 2.Another word for "round" is A.sarabande. B.gigue. C.rhapsody. D.canon. 3.The form of the melody called the bar form is represented by A.ABA. B.ABBA. C.AAB. D.ABB. 4.A _______ performance usually requires the musicians to embellish the part written for them. A.passacaglia B.canzona C.virtuoso D.transcripted 5.The first opera to win widespread acclaim was A.Purcell's Dido and Aeneas. B.Handel's Rinaldo. C.Monteverdi's Orpheus. D.Handel's Messiah. 6.The Baroque period began around the year A.1600. B.1750. C.1500. D.1050. 7.Music work performed in a series is called a/an A.allemande. B.suite. C.sonata. D.fugue. 8.The main theme of a fugue is called the A.episode. B.melody. C.subject. D.exposition. 9.The _______ is a musical form that utilizes multiple soloists. A.Gothic motet B.chorale prelude C.concerto grosso D.sarabande 10.The last movement of Bach's Cantata 140 is what texture? A.Polyphonic B.Homophonic C.A ritornello D.Atonal 11.Both the number and the complexity of different interlocking parts of the _______ contribute to its rhythmic complexity. A.arietta B.recitative C.African hocket D.doo wop style 12.The most popular oratorio is A.Aeneas. B.Orpheus. C.Messiah. D.Der Messias. 13.A style of vocal music that's a cross between singing and speaking is commonly referred to as A.pavane. B.polychoral. C.recitative. D.gigue. 14.A lyrical movement or piece for voice with solo accompaniment is called a/an A.chorus. B.aria. C.operetta. D.ostinato. 15.When instruments double the voices by playing the same notes sung by a chorus, the music is considered to have A.unified timbre. B.contrasting timbre. C.paired movement. D.syncopation. 16.Handel's first operatic hit, which premiered in London in 1711, was A.Four Seasons. B.Rinaldo. C.Saul. D.Giulio Cesare. 17.What is the difference between an oratorio and an opera? A.An opera is staged and an oratorio isn't. B.The opera is based on a sacred topic and an oratorio isn't. C.An oratorio doesn't include an aria and an opera does. D.An oratorio doesn't include recitatives. 18.It was during the Baroque era that _______ emerged, making solo singing in opera and oratorio possible. A.syncretism B.homophony C.polyphony D.counterpoint 19.Instrumental work written for a soloist and a larger ensemble is called a A.fugue. B.cantata. C.prelude. D.concerto. 20._______ was prepared to be slandered when the composer released a collection of madrigals in 1644. A.Barbara Strozzi B.Claudio Monteverdi C.Francesca Caccini D.Antonio Vivaldi MUSIC: THE CLASSICAL ERA 1.Cherry Blossom's extramusical content is expressed through the relationship of the music to its A.texture. B.characters. C.title. D.form. 2.On the whole, the music of the Classical era was less complicated than that of the Baroque, yet it featured more internal A.flourishes B.extremes. C.ornamentation. D.contrasts. 3.In an opera, the standard accompaniment for a recitative is A.the basso continuo alone. B.played by the orchestra. C.sung by a soprano. D.a function of the string quartet. 4.Which mid-eighteenth century composer is credited with having the greatest impact on the significance of the string quartet? A.Haydn B.Chopin C.Mozart D.Beethoven 5.The double exposition concerto form differs from the standard sonata form in that A.it's played by two pianos. B.the exposition stays in the same key. C.it has a cadenza. D.it includes a single exposition. 6.The English translation of "geisha" is A.musician. B.prostitute. C.servant. D.arts person. 7.Capital theater, or _______, developed in Beijing in the late eighteenth century. A.Jingju B.Xipi C.Wenchang D.Xiaosheng 8.The _______ Revolution of the late eighteenth century increased the size of cities and of potential audiences for concerts and theaters. A.Bolshevik B.Industrial C.Cultural D.French 9.The _______ is an essential characteristic of the sonata form. A.development of themes B.fluctuation of rhythm C.sudden crescendo D.absence of harmony 10.When the Italian words da capo appear at the end of a measure, the musician is being instructed to A.play the next part of the music quietly. B.play the main part of the musical piece over again. C.hold the notes for an extra three beats. D.play the refrain. 11.In a string quartet, the bass instrument is the A.bass guitar. B.viola. C.drum. D.cello. 12.Opera _______ is a light, frequently comic style of opera. A.canonica B.buffa C.seria D.hysteria 13.A musical piece written in the sonata form closes with the A.antecedent. B.coda. C.tonic. D.codex. 14.Which one of the following patterns represents the rondo form? A.A A B B C B.D C B A C.A B C D D.A B A C A 15.The Japanese koto is what type of instrument? A.Brass B.Wind C.Percussion D.String 16.What dates are commonly assigned to the Classical period? A.1700-1750 B.1700-1800 C.1750-1800 D.1650-1720 17.The dialogue in an opera is translated for the audience in the A.libretto. B.perdonate. C.paggio. D.score. 18.The first section of a sonata in which the theme is presented is commonly called the A.exposition. B.allegro. C.prodigy. D.recap. 19.Singing the alphabet song to the tune of Mozart's "Ah, vous dirai-je, maman" is an example of A.plagiarism. B.thematic variation. C.musical duplication. D.musical appropriation. 20.The second section of a sonata is commonly called the A.development. B.coda. C.codetta. D.recapitulation.