1. The major problem with the doctrine of ethical egoism is: 

. Most people are shy and hesitant about seeking to fulfill their self-interest.

. Most people are usually more interested in the welfare of other people than themselves.

. The doctrine does not provide a mechanism to settle differences when egos clash.

. If each person satisfies his or her self-interest, the general welfare will be served.

 

2. Pete, an employee of Quality Sales, Inc., takes a Kantian duty-based approach to ethics. Pete believes that he must 


. achieve the greatest good for the most people.

. avoid unethical behavior as determined by reason regardless of the consequences.

. conform to society’s standards.

. place his employer’s interest first.

 

 3. Don is a manager with Engineering Aviation Systems. At a company ethics meeting, Don’s most effec¬tive argument against utilitarianism is that it 

. gives profits priority over costs.

. ignores the practical costs of a given set of circumstances.

. justifies human costs that many persons may find morally unacceptable.

. requires cost-benefit analyses of simple situations.

 

4. Pat, product development manager for Agricultural Hybrids, Inc., applies Utilitarian ethics to determine that an action is morally correct when it produces 

. The greatest good for Pat

. The greatest good for the most people affected by the action

. The greatest good for Pat’s company and its shareholders since they are the only true stakeholder groups

. Good emotional feelings that arise in Pat

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