№1

Ideological leaders will develop when the leader

 has particular expertise

 appeals to shared values

 makes a rational appeal to followers

 appeals to emotion

№2

A leadership contingency theory that stresses the intelligence and experience of the leader is

 cognitive resource theory

 leadership substitutes theory

 situational leadership theory

 normative decision theory

№3

A theory that emphasizes leader traits and skills as determinants of leadership behavior is best categorized at what level?

 Individual

 Dyadic

 Organizational

 Group

№4

CEOs who exhibit charismatic characteristics were noted to

 generate more sales

 increase company profitability

 negotiate higher compensation packages

 make company ads

№5

Distant charismatics are often described in terms of their effect on follower

 political attitudes

 task behavior

 identification with the leader

 motivation

№6

What level of leadership process is emphasized in most theories of effective leadership?

 Group

 Intra-individual

 Dyadic

 Organizational

№7

Which statement comparing transformational and charismatic leadership is most accurate?

 There are no important differences between the two types of leadership.

 Leader articulation of an appealing vision is important in both theories.

 Situational variables are less important for charismatic leadership.

 Personal identification is more important in transformational leadership.

 №8

Effective transformational leaders

delegate most decisions to individuals or self-managed teams

  use a combination of transformational and transactional behaviors

 challenge strongly held values of followers to get their attention

 select subordinates who will be loyal and uncritical

 №9

Charismatic leaders add followers by

 sharing the decision making

 possessing specific expertise

 appealing to emotions and articulating a vision

 considering other solutions

№10

A contingency theory of leadership that depends on specific procedures for leader behaviors and has strong support is

 cognitive resource theory

 normative decision theory

 multiple-linkage model theory

 LPC contingency model

№11

Most leadership theories emphasize

 leader characteristics

 characteristics of the leadership situation

 both leader and follower characteristics

 follower characteristics

№12

Most of the leadership theory and research explaining the actions of leaders and why those actions occurred has described

 descriptive leadership

 universal leadership

 ethical leadership

 prescriptive leadership

№13

One unique characteristic of followers in leadership theory is

 task commitment and effort

 traits

 skills and expertise

 confidence and optimism

№14

The concept that some people are natural (born) leaders is an attribute of which leadership approach?

 Power-influence approach

 Situation approach

 Trait approach

 Behavior approach

№15

The leadership process that describes how a group operates in an open system with other groups is called

 inter-active process

 group process

 organizational process

 intra-individual process

№16

Contingency theories may be difficult to implement because

 there is always a single best solution

 situational changes happen infrequently

 managers have time to evaluate situations

 of the rapid pace of business

№17

Transformational behavior can include

 contingent rewards

 inspirational motivation

 active management by exception

 passive management by exception

№18

A contingency theory that contains mediating variables is

 situational leadership theory

 leadership substitutes theory

 multiple-linkage model

 cognitive resource theory

№19

A theory that explains the most effective pattern of leadership behavior in a specified situation is best classified as

 descriptive

 contingency

 prescriptive

 universal

№20

Which of the following is a characteristic of a positive charismatic?

 Devotion to ideology not personal identification

 Centralized decision making by the leader

 Information is restricted

 Dependency on the leader

№21

Which statement about transformational and charismatic leadership is most accurate?

 Charisma is a necessary ingredient in transformational leadership

 Charismatic leaders are more effective in business organizations

 Both types of leadership involve the same underlying processes

 Both types of leadership are effective in any situation

№22

Which characteristic of negative charismatic leadership is more likely to lead to failure?

 Centralized decision making

 Focus on personal power

 Tendency to make risky decisions

 

 Identification to the organization

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