HIST: US History Since 1865 (MULTIPLE CHOICE)

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·                           Question 1

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After the Chinese entered the Korean conflict in support of North Korea,

   

Answers:

Truman threatened to use the atomic bomb to end the conflict.

 

MacArthur and the UN troops drove the Communists back north across all of the Korean Peninsula and to the Chinese side of the Yalu River.

 

UN troops pushed the North Koreans and the Chinese back to the original dividing line at about the 38th parallel.

 

UN forces insisted that the Chinese pull out of the fight; when they did so, the North Koreans were helpless against the UN forces.

   

·       Question 2

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After the Korean War, the U.S. addressed its fears regarding the spread of communism in all of the following ways except

   

Answers:

increasing covert operations globally in countries susceptible to communist influence.

 

testing nuclear missiles via satellite in space.

 

a sizeable buildup of nuclear weapons, particularly the hydrogen bomb.

 

engaging in the space race with the Soviet Union.

   

·       Question 3

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All of the following are evidence of a car culture, except

   

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Construction of motels

 

Increasing numbers of fast food restaurants

 

Thousands of new interstate highways

 

Growing numbers of social clubs

   

·       Question 4

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All of the following are examples of the Second Red Scare in America except

   

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requirements that government employees sign loyalty oaths.

 

government investigations of organizations that were considered potentially subversive.

 

new laws regarding the protection of civil liberties.

 

the establishment of the House Un-American Activities Committee and its investigations of Hollywood.

   

·       Question 5

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All of the following are true about Dwight D. Eisenhower except

   

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He was opposed to the New Deal and Fair Deal.

 

He used national defense to justify the massive construction of the nation's highways.

 

He served as president during a period of economic affluence.

 

He left office with concerns about the links between the military and the nation's economy.

   

·       Question 8

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As early as March 1946, Churchill realized that Stalin had

   

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effectively squelched any moves toward a military coup in Russia.

 

frozen the flow of money in Eastern European countries.

 

taken control of so much of Eastern Europe that it was as if an iron curtain had fallen between the East and the West.

 

purged tens of thousands of his own people whose loyalty he doubted.

   

·       Question 9

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Between the end of World War II and 1960, many Americans increasingly did all of the following, except

   

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They began to purchase items they had once called "luxuries."

 

They demanded a continuous turnout of new and unique products.

 

They began to use credit cards on a regular basis.

 

They became more concerned about carrying debt.

   

·       Question 13

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For what military reason did Truman fire MacArthur?

   

Answers:

Fraternization

 

Going AWOL

 

Insubordination

 

Leaking secrets to the press

   

·       Question 18

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Intended as an extension of the New Deal, Truman's Fair Deal included all of the following except

   

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federal support for education.

 

federal aid for single mothers.

 

federal homebuilding assistance.

 

federal support for health care.

   

·       Question 19

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Jackie Robinson is famous for

   
 

leading a group of Hollywood actors in protesting the HUAC committee communist witch hunts.

 

his valiant service during World War II.

 

being the first African American to play major league baseball.

 

founding the White Citizens Councils, which opposed desegregation in the South.

   

·       Question 20

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NSC-68 was a classified paper that

   
 

advocated a massive military buildup by the United States.

 

pushed for the development of hydrogen bombs.

 

called for seeking out and exposing all Communists on American soil.

 

All of these choices.

   

·       Question 23

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Stalin initiated the blockade of the city of West Berlin in order to

   

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keep West Berliners from visiting the Soviet portion of the city.

 

try to starve the West Berliners into giving in to control by his government.

 

keep western influence and West German currency out of the Soviet zone.

 

try to get the Americans to give him control of all of Germany.

   

·       Question 24

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Stalin was convinced that Soviet security rested upon creating a buffer of friendly neighboring states, mainly because

   
 

he needed a buffer between his country and China.

 

he wanted to make it impossible for Germany to ever invade Russia again, as it had previously.

 

he wanted access to natural resources that these countries possessed and his own country lacked.

 

the other Allies were talking about the possibility of forming NATO, and his country would not meet the criteria.

   

·       Question 25

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The Marshall Plan

   

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provided $13 billion to governments that promised to become or remain democracies.

 

was a blueprint for the U.S. invasion of Soviet-occupied East Germany.

 

described the theory of containment.

 

was the foundation of the National Security Act.

   

·       Question 26

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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization stipulated that

   

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the Soviet Union was an evil empire.

 

Communism was like a game of dominoes.

 

an attack on one or more treaty partners would be considered an attack against them all.

 

the destruction of the Warsaw Pact was the organization's primary goal.

   

·       Question 27

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The Warsaw Pact was

   
 

an agreement between Stalin and the other Allies to let him take Poland into his sphere of influence.

 

a union consisting of Stalin's Soviet Union and the Eastern European countries that he controlled after World War II.

 

an agreement between Truman and Stalin to give each control of part of Berlin.

 

an agreement between Stalin and Truman to give each other control of part of Poland.

   

·       Question 28

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The main reason that the Dixiecrats broke with Truman in 1948 and formed their own party was his

   

Answers:

support for civil rights.

 

lack of charisma compared to FDR.

 

poor treatment of General Douglas MacArthur.

 

extremely liberal views.

   

·       Question 29

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The rapid growth of the suburbs had all of the following results, except

   

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It suddenly ended the experimental gender roles created by World War II.

 

It prompted an increase in racial segregation.

 

It muted the critics who had complained of conformity.

 

It left a lasting environmental footprint outside America's major metropolitan regions.

   

·       Question 30

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The role that was promoted for women in the 1950s was

   
 

suburban domesticity and child-rearing.

 

full-time employment and juggling family life.

 

college first, then motherhood.

 

None of these choices.

   

·       Question 32

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Truman eventually managed to break the Berlin blockade by

   

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sending massive amounts of food and supplies by regular airlift.

 

threatening to use nuclear force against the Soviet Union.

 

publicly upbraiding Stalin for his mistreatment of the East Berliners.

 

running the blockade frequently enough to convince Stalin that it would never succeed.

   

·       Question 34

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What was the most common reaction of Americans to Cold War uncertainties?

   

Answers:

liberalism and antidiscrimination

 

socialism and anxiety

 

fear and the rise of conservativism

 

antidiscrimination and conservatism

   

·       Question 35

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When nine black students attempted to integrate Central High School in Arkansas in 1957

   

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President Eisenhower sent in thousands of troops to protect them.

 

white mobs protested.

 

the governor closed the schools to prevent integration.

 

All of these choices.

   

·       Question 36

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When the Korean War broke out, Truman responded by secretly sending atomic bombs and short-range missiles to American air and naval bases around the world.

   

Answers:

True

 

False

   

·       Question 38

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Why was Truman accused of "losing" China?

   

Answers:

China had sided with North Korea instead of with the US. and South Korea.

 

China entered a secret pact with the Soviet Union in 1948.

 

China declared the Open Door Policy null and void, closing the door to vast exports of U.S. products.

 

China, an ally during World War II, had fallen to communism, despite U.S. efforts to prevent it.

   

·       Question 39

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Why were there so many strikes in the year after the war ended?

   

Answers:

Returning soldiers increased the supply of workers, which drove wages down.

 

Employers were unwilling to negotiate with workers.

 

Unions had become stronger during the Depression and war years.

 

All of these choices.

   

·       Question 40

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Women who held jobs during the 1950s

   

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were encouraged to launch a business from home as a better way to juggle family and work.

 

earned wages that were comparable to what they were paid during World War II.

 

were segregated into female-specific occupations, mostly in the service sector.

 

hoped to find their future husbands at the office.

   

 

 

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