GENERAL MOTORS FINANCIAL ANALYSIS CASE
Project Outline GM (GENERAL MOTORS)
The most recent data should be used in your analyses (i.e., data from the most recently-filed Form 10-K). For all calculations, show each formula used as well as the numbers used in the formula. Explain any assumptions made and provide justifications for your assumptions. Cite any sources used other than the company’s SEC filings. The following is an outline for your individual project:
I. Governance and Communication Analysis
a. Answer and discuss the importance of the following:
i. Who is the company’s current CEO? Is he or she also the Chair of the Board?
ii. Who serves on the board’s Audit Committee? How many members are Financial Experts? What experience qualifies them for that designation?
iii. What was the CEO paid last year? What portion of his or her total pay was in the form of bonus? In the form of stock-based awards? What performance measures were used to determine the CEO’s pay?
iv. Who or what entity holds the highest percentage of the company's stock? Are most of the beneficial owners reported individuals or institutions?
v. How many common shares are outstanding? Is there more than one class of common stock outstanding? If so, how many votes do shares of each class get?
b. Analyst Call
i. Listen to a recording of an analyst call (AKA earnings call or quarterly conference call) for your company. Listen to about 15-20 minutes of the call and summarize your observations, including any questions that you might have wanted to ask the CEO/CFO, etc.
II. Industry and Strategy Analysis
a. Industry Analyses
i. Porter’s Five Forces
1. Rivalry among existing firms
2. Threat of new entrants
3. Threat of substitutes
4. Buyer power
5. Supplier power
ii. Value Chain Analysis
1. Industry Value Chain
2. Focus of your company
b. Company Strategy Analysis
i. Is your company following a Low Cost Leader or a Product/Service Differentiation Strategy?
ii. How should this impact their financials?
III. Accounting and Financial Analysis
a. Recasted Income Statement (3 years)
b. Recasted Balance Sheet (3 years)
c. Common Size Income Statement (3 years)
d. DuPont Analysis (1 year)
e. Profitability Analysis Ratios (3 years)
i. SG&A to Sales
ii. Tax Expense to Sales
iii. Accounts Receivable Turnover and Days
iv. Inventory Turnover and Days
v. Accounts Payable Turnover and Days
vi. Profit Margin
vii. Return on Assets (ROA)
viii. Return on Equity (ROE)
ix. Gross profit margin
x. EBIT Margin
xi. Dividend Payout Ratio
xii. Sustainable Growth Rate
f. Risk Analysis
i. Financial Risk Ratios (3 years)
1. Current ratio
2. Quick ratio
3. Cash ratio
4. Liabilities-to-equity ratio
5. Interest coverage ratio
6. Long-Term Asset Turnover
7. PP&E Turnover
ii. Non-Financial Risk Analysis
1. Review the Risk Factors section of the company’s most recent 10-K and discuss the three factors mentioned which, in your opinion, may have the most significant impact on the future of the company
2. Find and review your company’s CSR report
a. If they prepare a CSR report, review and comment on its key findings and the risks those may pose for the company’s financial performance
b. If they do not prepare a CSR report, find one of their competitors that does and review their report, and comment on how the key findings for that company do or do not apply to your company
IV. Weighted Average Cost of Capital
a. Use the CAPM to compute the required rate of return on equity capital for the company.
b. Determine the cost of debt (if any) and the cost of preferred stock (if any)
c. Compute the weighted average cost of capital for the company as of the start of the next fiscal year.
d. Discuss how this would be used to estimate the value of the company
a. Calculate projected net income for the company for the next five years based on forecasted income statements.
b. Explain the process and assumptions used to make the forecasts for each line item of the forecasted income statements.
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