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Answer: [removed]
    President Lincoln's main goal in the Civil War was to
eliminate slavery in all territory controlled by the United States.
    a. true
    b. false
8Answer: [removed]
    Both the Union and the Confederacy used African American
soldiers during the Civil War.
    a. true
    b. false
9Answer: [removed]
    A series of Union victories in late 1864 helped Abraham
Lincoln win reelection.
    a. true
    b. false
10Answer: [removed]
    During his march from Atlanta to the sea, Sherman and his
men destroyed anything useful to the South.
    a. true
    b. false
11Answer: [removed]
    General Grant imposed very harsh terms on the surrendering
Confederate soldiers at Appomattox Court House.
    a. true
    b. false
12Answer: [removed]
    The federal government became more powerful than state
governments as the result of the Union victory in the Civil War.
    a. true
    b. false
13Answer: [removed]
    Because the war disrupted their supply of cotton, the South
expected support from
    a. France and Spain.                c. France and Canada.
    b. Spain and Mexico.                d. Britain and France.
14Answer: [removed]
    The North’s war plan came from a hero of the war with Mexico named
    a. Winfield Scott.                  c. Abraham Lincoln.
    b. George McClellan.                d. Robert E. Lee.
15Answer: [removed]
    What battle was named after a small church?
    a. Shiloh                           c. Vicksburg
    b. Gettysburg                       d. Atlanta
16Answer: [removed]
    The bloodiest day of the entire Civil War was the Battle of
    a. Shiloh.                          c. Richmond.
    b. Antietam.                        d. New Orleans.
17Answer: [removed]
    The first female army surgeon was
    a. Clara Barton.                    c. Sally Tompkins.
    b. Mary Edwards Walker.             d. Dorothea Dix.
18Answer: [removed]
    William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea began in 
    a. Charleston, South Carolina.      c. Atlanta, Georgia.
    b. Richmond, Virginia.              d. Baltimore, Maryland.
19Answer: [removed]
    In the Civil War, for the first time, thousands of women served as
    a. soldiers.                        c. generals.
    b. spies.                           d. nurses.
20Answer: [removed]
    "Peace Democrats" became known as
    a. War Hawks.                       c. Copperheads.
    b. Rebels.                          d. Radicals.
21Answer: [removed]
    What guarantees accused individuals the right to a hearing before
being jailed?
    a. bounties                         c. draft
    b. greenbacks                       d. habeas corpus
22Answer: [removed]
    What battle began when on July 1, 1863 when the Confederates
entered a town for supplies and encountered Union troops?
    a. Gettysburg                       c. Vicksburg
    b. Shiloh                           d. Richmond
23Answer: [removed]
    The plan to gain control of the Mississippi River and split the
Confederacy in two was called
    a. the Great Divide.                c. the Anaconda Plan.
    b. the Squeeze Play.                d. the River Conquest.
24Answer: [removed]
    The main goal of the North at the beginning of the war was to
    a. end slavery.                     c. punish the South.
    b. be recognized as independent.    d. reunite the country.
25Answer: [removed]
    General P.G.T. Beauregard fought against General Irvin McDowell at
    a. Shiloh.                          c. the First Battle of Bull Run.
    b. Gettysburg.                      d. the Second Battle of Bull Run.
26Answer: [removed]
    The battle of the Monitor and the Merrimack was the first ever between
    a. cutters.                         c. warships.
    b. clippers.                        d. ironclad ships.
27Answer: [removed]
    What April battle lasted only two days, but included some of the most
bloody fighting of the war?
    a. Shiloh                           c. Richmond
    b. Gettysburg                       d. Vicksburg
28Answer: [removed]
    On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln signed the
    a. Free Slave Bill.                 c. Emancipation Proclamation.
    b. Fourteenth Amendment.            d. Thirteenth Amendment.
29Answer: [removed]
    Who pointed out to Lincoln that by casting the war as a fight against
slavery, European countries would be less likely to aid the South?
    a. Frederick Douglass               c. George B. McClellan
    b. David Farragut                   d. Ulysses S. Grant
30Answer: [removed]
    Pickett’s Charge took place during the Battle of
    a. Shiloh.                          c. Gettysburg.
    b. Chancellorsville.                d. Fredericksburg.
31Answer: [removed]
    The worst disturbance in protest of the draft laws took place in
    a. Richmond, Virginia.              c. Atlanta, Georgia.
    b. New York City.                   d. Washington, D.C.
32Answer: [removed]
    Appomattox Court House is famous because it is the site of
    a. a bloody battle.                 c. Confederate headquarters.
    b. Union headquarters.              d. Robert E. Lee's surrender.
33Answer: [removed]
“[William is] . . . wild to be off to Virginia. He so fears that the
fighting will be over before he can get there.”
–Kate Stone, 1861
Written shortly after the attack on Fort Sumter, this excerpt from a letter by the sister of a Confederate soldier in Louisiana describes his _____ in the war. a. fear of involvement c. reluctance to fight b. eagerness to participate d. slowness to join
34Answer: [removed]
“. . . Sis I dont know what you think about the war but I will tell
you what I think and that is the north will nevver whip the south as
long as there is a man left in the south. They fight like wild devles.
Ever man seems determine to loose the last drop of blood before they
give up but there is no use of you and I talking about the war because
we cant end it, but I dont care how soon it is stopped. Christmas will
soon be here I would like to be at [home.] . . .”
–John R. McClure, private in 14th Indiana Volunteers, Letter to his
sister, December 19, 1862
According to the excerpt, Confederate soldiers _____. a. are very courageous c. give up easily b. are poor fighters d. outnumber the Union soldiers
35Answer: [removed]
“A cruel, crazy, mad, hopeless panic possessed them. . . . The heat
was awful . . . the men were exhausted—their mouths gaped, their lips
cracked and blackened with the powder of the cartridges they had bitten
off in the battle, their eyes staring in frenzy.”
–Representative Albert Riddle, observing the First Battle of Bull Run
This excerpt describes _____ at the battle of First Battle of Bull Run. a. terrified observers of the battle b. courageous Confederate soldiers c. retreating Union soldiers d. civilians fleeing to Washington, DC
36Answer: [removed]
“No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted.”
–at the capture of Fort Donelson, February 16, 1862
This quotation provided a nickname for which new hero of the North? a. Ulysses S. Grant c. David Farragut b. Albert Sidney Johnson d. George McClellan
37Answer: [removed]
“. . . It had suddenly appeared to him that perhaps in a battle he
might run. He was forced to admit that as far as war was concerned he
knew nothing of himself. . . . 
    “A little panic-fear grew in his mind. As his imagination went
forward to a fight, he saw hideous possibilities. . . .”
–Stephen Crane, The Red Badge of Courage
The character in this excerpt is becoming afraid because he a. knows he will fight hard along with others. b. wishes he were back home. c. is uncertain about how he will react in a battle. d. is eager to get into battle.
38Answer: [removed]
“For my loyalty to my country I have two beautiful names—here I am
called “traitor,” farther North a _____ 
 –Elizabeth Van Lew, Richmond
What word best fills in the blank in this quote by Elizabeth Van Lew, who secretly sent information about Confederate activities to President Lincoln? a. “teacher” c. “nurse” b. “spy” d. “conductor”
39Answer: [removed]
“If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it;
and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and if
I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also
do that.”
–August 1862
Who took this position on the issue of slavery? a. Jefferson Davis c. William Lloyd Garrison b. Abraham Lincoln d. Frederick Douglass
40Answer: [removed]
“. . . That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within
any state or designated part of a state, the people whereof shall then be
in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and
forever, free; and the Executive Government of the United States,
including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and
maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to
repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for
their actual freedom. . . .”
This announcement by the President of the United States is a quotation from a. the Constitution. c. the Gettysburg Address. b. the Emancipation Proclamation. d. the Thirteenth Amendment.
41Answer: [removed]
“. . . That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within
any state or designated part of a state, the people whereof shall then be
in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and
forever, free; and the Executive Government of the United States,
including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and
maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to
repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for
their actual freedom. . . .”
According to this excerpt, anyone holding a person enslaved after January 1, 1863, would be a. arrested and jailed. c. in rebellion against the US. b. given a fair trial. d. recognized by the government.
42Answer: [removed]
“[They] will make good soldiers and taking them from the enemy weakens
him in the same proportion they strengthen us.”
In this excerpt from a letter General Grant wrote to President Lincoln, to whom does “They” refer? a. Native Americans c. African Americans b. Female spies d. slaves on Southern plantations
43Answer: [removed]
“Does anyone wonder [why] so many women die? Grief and constant anxiety
kill nearly as many women at home as men are killed on the battle-field.”
–Mary Chesnut
About what do women feel the “grief and constant anxiety” that this excerpt mentions? a. the difficulty of managing farms and taking care of families b. the exhaustion of working in factories and replacing missing male workers c. the problems of collecting supplies of food and clothing for the war effort. d. the possible death of husbands, fathers, sons, and brothers far from home
44Answer: [removed]
“July 29, 1864—Sleepless nights. The report is that the Yankees have
left Covington for Macon, . . . to release prisoners held there. They
robbed every house on the road of its provisions [supplies], sometimes
taking every piece of meat, blankets and wearing apparel, silver and arms
of every description. They would take silk dresses and put them under
their saddles, and many other things for which they had no use. Is this
the way to make us love them and their Union? Let the poor people answer
[those] whom they have deprived of every mouthful of meat and of their
livestock to make any! Our mills, too, they have burned, destroying an
immense amount of property.”
–from the diary of Dolly Sumner Lunt
During General Sherman’s March to the Sea, described in this excerpt, the object of this destruction was _____. a. to destroy the Confederate army b. to find supplies for the Union army c. to encourage freeing the South’s slaves d. to break the South’s will to fight
45Answer: [removed]
“Can you imagine a fellow’s feelings about that time, to have to
face thousands of muskets with a prospect of having a bullet put
through you? If you can, all right; I can’t describe it. I’ve heard
some say that they were not _____ going into a fight, but I think it’s
all nonsense. I don’t believe there was ever a man who went into battle
but was _____, more or less. Some will turn pale as a sheet, look wild
and ferocious, some will be so excited that they don’t know what they
are about while others will be as cool and collected as on other
occasions.”
–George Sargent, Union soldier
Which word best fill in the blanks for this passage about facing battle? a. confused c. scared b. curious d. calm
46Answer: [removed]
“I can’t spare this man. He fights.”
–President Abraham Lincoln
This quotation refers to what formerly unpromising army officer? a. George McClellan c. William Tecumseh Sherman b. Ulysses S. Grant d. Ambrose Burnside
47Answer: [removed]
“. . . I need not tell the brave survivors of so many hardfought
battles, who have remained steadfast to the last, that I have consented
to the result from no distrust of them. But, feeling that valor and
devotion could accomplish nothing that could compensate for the loss
that may have attended the continuance of the contest, I determined to
avoid the useless sacrifice of those whose past services have endeared
them to their countrymen. . . .”
–General Robert E. Lee, last order to his troops, April 9, 1865
Which statement best describes why Lee is surrendering? a. Further fighting could not accomplish anything useful and losses would be heavy. b. Lee was tired of fighting and the Confederate armies had suffered very heavy losses. c. The Confederate armies were weary and would not continue to fight any more. d. Ammunition and other supplies for the Confederate troops had run out and could not be replaced.
48Answer: [removed]
    Referring to the figure, based on the time line, which of the
following events did not occur in 1863?
    a. Red Cross established
    b. Emancipation Proclamation issued
    c. Lake Victoria discovered
    d. Great Expectations published
49Answer: [removed]
    Referring to the figure, the greatest difference between resources
of the North and South in this graph is in which category?
    a. manufactured goods             c. number of farms
    b. exports                        d. population
50Answer: [removed]
    Referring to the Fig. in Question #49, based on the graph, the South was most
nearly equal to the North in which of the following resources?
    a. railroad mileage               c. exports
    b. number of farms                d. manufactured goods
51Answer: [removed]
    Referring to the figure, when was Manassas, or Bull Run, fought?
    a. August 29–30, 1862             c. April 12–14, 1861
    b. July 21, 1861                  d. September 17, 1862
52Answer: [removed]
    Referring to the Fig. in Question #51, based on the map, in which of the following
states were none of the early Civil War battles fought?
    a. Tennessee                      c. North Carolina
    b. Virginia                       d. Louisiana
53Answer: [removed]
    Referring to the figure, based on the circle graphs, which of the
following statements is true?
    a. African Americans accounted for 18% more of Union sailors than
       they did Union soldiers.
    b. African Americans were better represented in the Union Army than
       in the Union Navy.
    c. African Americans accounted for 8% more of Union sailors than they
       did Union soldiers.
    d. Large numbers of African Americans were pressed into service by
       the Union Navy.
54Answer: [removed]
    Referring to the figure, according to the map, how many victories
for the South took place in 1863?
    a. 1                              c. 5
    b. 9                              d. 4
55Answer: [removed]
    Referring to the figure, these three maps display which of the
following?
    a. Union control gradually decreasing
    b. Confederate control gradually decreasing
    c. Union naval blockades gradually increasing
    d. Union naval blockades gradually decreasing
56Answer: [removed]
    Referring to the figure, according to the circle graph, which war
cost the most American lives after the Civil War?
    a. Civil War                      c. World War II 
    b. World War I                    d. Vietnam War
57Answer: [removed]
    Referring to the figure, based on the map, which of the following
battles was fought on June 27, 1864?
    a. Cold Harbor                    c. The Wilderness
    b. Wilmington                     d. Kennesaw Mountain
58Answer: [removed]
    Referring to the figure, the arrows on this map represent which of
the following things?
    a. roads                          c. troop positions
    b. troop movements                d. Union victories
    a. David Farragut                 d. General P.G.T. Beauregard
    b. African American regiment      e. blockade
    c. Appomattox Court House
59Answer: [removed]
    to close ports
    a. David Farragut                 d. General P.G.T. Beauregard
    b. African American regiment      e. blockade
    c. Appomattox Court House
60Answer: [removed]
    Confederate commander
    a. David Farragut                 d. General P.G.T. Beauregard
    b. African American regiment      e. blockade
    c. Appomattox Court House
61Answer: [removed]
    captured New Orleans
    a. David Farragut                 d. General P.G.T. Beauregard
    b. African American regiment      e. blockade
    c. Appomattox Court House
62Answer: [removed]
    54th Massachusetts
    a. David Farragut                 d. General P.G.T. Beauregard
    b. African American regiment      e. blockade
    c. Appomattox Court House
63Answer: [removed]
    site of Robert E. Lee's surrender
    a. David Farragut                 d. General P.G.T. Beauregard
    b. African American regiment      e. blockade
    c. Appomattox Court House
64Answer: [removed]
    Union capital
    a. Merrimack                      d. Washington, D.C.
    b. Jefferson Davis                e. Richmond, Virginia
    c. Stonewall Jackson
65Answer: [removed]
    Confederate capital
    a. Merrimack                      d. Washington, D.C.
    b. Jefferson Davis                e. Richmond, Virginia
    c. Stonewall Jackson
66Answer: [removed]
    Confederate president
    a. Merrimack                      d. Washington, D.C.
    b. Jefferson Davis                e. Richmond, Virginia
    c. Stonewall Jackson
67Answer: [removed]
    South's ironclad ship
    a. Merrimack                      d. Washington, D.C.
    b. Jefferson Davis                e. Richmond, Virginia
    c. Stonewall Jackson
68Answer: [removed]
    casualty of Chancellorsville
    a. Merrimack                      d. Washington, D.C.
    b. Jefferson Davis                e. Richmond, Virginia
    c. Stonewall Jackson
69Answer: [removed]
    total war
    a. habeas corpus                  d. Copperheads
    b. Sherman’s strategy             e. Reconstruction
    c. greenbacks
70Answer: [removed]
    prisoner’s right
    a. habeas corpus                  d. Copperheads
    b. Sherman’s strategy             e. Reconstruction
    c. greenbacks
71Answer: [removed]
    Peace Democrats
    a. habeas corpus                  d. Copperheads
    b. Sherman’s strategy             e. Reconstruction
    c. greenbacks
72Answer: [removed]
    era after the war
    a. habeas corpus                  d. Copperheads
    b. Sherman’s strategy             e. Reconstruction
    c. greenbacks
73Answer: [removed]
    Northern money
    a. habeas corpus                  d. Copperheads
    b. Sherman’s strategy             e. Reconstruction
    c. greenbacks
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