# FIN 335 Bonds and Bond Value

**Smart Study**

1. The difference between the market value of an investment and its cost is the:

A) Net present value.

B) Internal rate of return.

C) Payback period.

D) Profitability index.

E) Discounted payback period.

2. The net present value (NPV) rule can be best stated as:

A) An investment should be accepted if, and only if, the NPV is exactly equal to zero.

B) An investment should be rejected if the NPV is positive and accepted if it is negative.

C) An investment should be accepted if the NPV is positive and rejected if its is negative.

D) An investment with greater cash inflows than cash outflows, regardless of when the cash flows occur, will always have a positive NPV and therefore should always be accepted.

3. The length of time required for an investment to generate cash flows sufficient to recover its initial cost is the:

A) Net present value.

B) Internal rate of return.

C) Payback period.

D) Profitability index.

E) Discounted payback period.

4. The payback rule can be best stated as:

A) An investment is acceptable if its calculated payback period is less than some prespecified number of years.

B) An investment should be accepted if the payback is positive and rejected if it is negative.

C) An investment should be rejected if the payback is positive and accepted if it is negative.

D) An investment is acceptable if its calculated payback period is greater than some prespecified number of years.

5. The discount rate that makes the net present value of an investment exactly equal to zero is the:

A) Payback period.

B) Internal rate of return.

C) Average accounting return.

D) Profitability index.

E) Discounted payback period.

6. The internal rate of return (IRR) rule can be best stated as:

A) An investment is acceptable if its IRR is exactly equal to its net present value (NPV).

B) An investment is acceptable if its IRR is exactly equal to zero.

C) An investment is acceptable if its IRR is less than the required return, else it should be rejected.

D) An investment is acceptable if its IRR exceeds the required return, else it should be rejected.

** **

7.A situation in which taking one investment prevents the taking of another is called:

A) Net present value profiling.

B) Operational ambiguity.

C) Mutually exclusive investment decisions.

D) Issues of scale.

E) Multiple rates of return.

8. The present value of an investment's future cash flows divided by its intial cost is the:

A) Net present value.

B) Internal rate of return.

C) Average accounting return.

D) Profitability index.

E) Payback period.

9. The profitability index (PI) rule can be best stated as:

A) An investment is acceptable if its PI is greater than one.

B) An investment is acceptable if its PI is less than one.

C) An investment is acceptable if its PI is greater than the internal rate of return (IRR).

D) An investment is acceptable if its PI is less than the net present value

10. Which of the following statements is true?

A) NPV should never be used if the project under consideration has nonconventional cash flows.

B) NPV is similar to a cost/benefit ratio.

C) If the financial manager relies on NPV in making capital budgeting decisions, she acts in the shareholders' best interests.

D) NPV can normally be directly observed in the marketplace.

E) IRR is generally preferred to NPV in making correct capital budgeting acceptance decisions.

11. Net present value _____________.

A) is equal to the initial investment in a project

B) is equal to the present value of the project benefits

C) is equal to zero when the discount rate used is equal to the IRR

D) is simplified by the fact that future cash flows are easy to estimate

E) requires the firm set an arbitrary cutoff point for determining whether an investment is acceptable

12. The _______ decision rule is considered the "best" in principle.

A) internal rate of return

B) payback period

C) average accounting return

D) net present value

E) profitability index

13. Which of the following decision rules is best for evaluating projects for which cash flows beyond a specified point in time, and the time value of money, can both be ignored?

A) Payback

B) Net present value

C) Average accounting return

D) Profitability index

E) Internal rate of return

14. An investment generates $1.10 in present value benefits for each dollar of invested costs. This conclusion was most likely reached by calculating the project's:

A) Net present value

B) Profitability index

C) Internal rate of return

D) Payback period

E) Average accounting return

15. The use of which of the following would lead to correct decisions when comparing mutually exclusive investments?

I. Profitability index

II. Net present value

III. Average accounting return

A) I only

B) II only

C) III only

D) I and II only

E) I and III only

** **

16. You own some manufacturing equipment that must be replaced. Two different suppliers present a purchase and installation plan for your consideration. This is an example of a business decision involving _____________ projects.

A) mutually exclusive

B) independent

C) working capital

D) positive NPV

E) crossover

17. If a project with conventional cash flows has an IRR less than the required return, then:

A) The profitability index is less than one.

B) The IRR must be zero.

C) The AAR is greater than the required return.

D) The payback period is less than the maximum acceptable period.

E) The NPV is positive.

** **

18. Calculate the NPV of the following project using a discount rate of 10%:

Yr 0 = –$800; Yr 1 = –$80; Yr 2 = $100; Yr 3 = $300; Yr 4 = $500; Yr 5 = $500

A) $ 8.04

B) $ 87.28

C) $208.04

D) $459.17

E) $887.28

19. You are considering a project that costs $600 and has expected cash flows of $224, $250.88 and $280.99 over the next three years. If the appropriate discount rate for the project's cash flows is 12%, what is the net present value of this project?

A) The NPV is negative

B) $ 0.00

C) $ 9.34

D) $49.34

E) $84.75

20. A project costs $300 and has cash flows of $75 for the first three years and $50 in each of the project's last three years. What is the payback period of the project?

A) The project never pays back

B) 3.75 years

C) 4.50 years

D) 5.25 years

E) 5.50 years

21. Suppose a project costs $2,500 and produces cash flows of $400 over each of the following 8 years. What is the IRR of the project?

A) There is not enough information; a discount rate is required

B) 3.27%

C) 5.84%

D) 9.61%

E) 12.06%

22. A project has an initial investment of $25,000, with $6,500 annual inflows for each of the subsequent 5 years. If the required return is 12%, what is the NPV?

A) –$6,500.00

B) –$2,447.02

C) –$1,568.95

D) $ 215.46

E) $1,763.81

23. What is the NPV of the following set of cash flows if the required return is 15%?

A) The NPV is negative

B) $ 408.27

C) $ 950.44

D) $1,247.90

E) $4,656.12

24. Would you accept a project which is expected to pay $2,500 a year for 6 years if the initial investment is $10,000 and your required return is 8%?

A) Yes; the NPV is $1,557

B) Yes; the NPV is $928

C) Yes; the NPV is $63

D) No; the NPV is –$346

E) No; the NPV is –$1,221

25. What is the payback period of a $15,000 investment with the following cash flows?

A) 2.75 years

B) 3.50 years

C) 3.75 years

D) 4.50 years

E) 4.75 years

26. You are considering an investment which has the following cash flows. If you require a 5 year payback period, should you take the investment?

A) Yes, the payback is 3.000 years.

B) Yes, the payback is 3.75 years.

C) Yes, the payback is 4.25 years.

D) No, the payback is 5.25 years.

E) No, the payback is 5.75 years.

27. Your required return is 15%. Should you accept a project with the following cash flows?

A) No, because the IRR is 5%.

B) No, because the IRR is 10%.

C) Yes, because the IRR is 20%.

D) Yes, because the IRR is 30%.

E) Yes, because the IRR is 40%.

28. You are going to choose between two investments. Both cost $50,000, but investment A pays $25,000 a year for 3 years while investment B pays $20,000 a year for 4 years. If your required return is 12%, which should you choose?

A) A because it pays back sooner.

B) A because its IRR exceeds 12%.

C) A because it has a higher IRR.

D) B because its IRR exceeds 12%.

E) B because it has a higher NPV.

29. Using the profitability index, which of the following projects would you choose if you have limited funds?

Project | Initial Investment | NPV |

1 | $50,000 | $10,000 |

2 | 75,000 | 25,000 |

3 | 60,000 | 15,000 |

4 | 40,000 | 17,000 |

5 | 90,000 | 40,000 |

A) Project 1

B) Project 2

C) Project 3

D) Project 4

E) Project 5

30. You have a choice between 2 mutually exclusive investments. If you require a 15% return, which investment should you choose?

A) Project A, because it has a smaller initial investment.

B) Project B, because it has a higher NPV.

C) Either one, because they have the same profitability indexes.

D) Project A, because it has the higher internal rate of return.

E) Project B, because it pays back faster.

31. For a project with an initial investment of $8,000 and cash inflows of $2,000 each year for 6 years, calculate NPV given a required return of 13%.

A) –$846

B) –$263

C) $ 0

D) $149

E) $552

32. What is the IRR of an investment that costs $18,500 and pays $5,250 a year for 5 years?

A) 13%

B) 15%

C) 19%

D) 25%

E) 28%

** **

33. What is the profitability index of the following investment if the required return = 10%?

A) 0.94

B) 1.09

C) 1.18

D) 1.27

E) 1.45

34. What is the payback period for the following investment?

A) 4 years

B) 3 years

C) 2 years

D) 1 year

E) The investment doesn't payback

Bill plans to open a do-it-yourself dog bathing center in a storefront. The bathing equipment will cost $50,000. Bill expects the after-tax cash inflows to be $15,000 annually for 8 years, after which he plans to scrap the equipment and retire to the beaches of Jamaica.

35. What is the project's payback period?

A) 2.67 years

B) 3.33 years

C) 3.67 years

D) 4.33 years

E) 5.67 years

36. Assume the required return is 10%. What is the project's NPV?

A) $ 887

B) $13,322

C) $22,759

D) $30,024

E) $45,001

37. Assume the required return is 20%. What is the project's IRR? Should it be accepted?

A) 15%; yes

B) 15%; no

C) 25%; yes

D) 25%; no

E) 20%; indifferent

38.Assume the required return is 20%. What is the project's PI? Should it be accepted?

A) 0.85; yes

B) 0.85; no

C) 1.00; indifferent

D) 1.15; yes

E) 1.15; no

- 6 years ago

**FIN 335 Bonds and Bond Value**

Purchase the answer to view it