According to Erich Goode, a way to explain adolescent involvement in delinquency is through:

Answer    social learning theory
 

   failure to fit into conventional society
 

   inadequate child-parent relationships
 

   social bond theory
 

Over the past 15 years, the number of females arrested for violent crimes has increased ____ percent.

Answer    15
 

   25
 

   30
 

   45

Infanticide is primarily committed by members of a child's family using ____.

Answer    poison
 

   guns
 

   hands or feet
 

   knives



6 points  
 

In 2005, the U.SHistorically, which of the following was not handled by the juvenile court?

Answer    neglected children
 

   delinquents
 

   hate crimes
 

   status offenses

. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty for offenders under the age of 18 at the time they committed their crime:

Answer    could continue as it is in line with the Stubborn Child Law of the Constitution
 

   violates the Eighth Amendment
 

   is acceptable to the general public and, therefore, constitutional
 

   violates the principle of parens patriae

Once a juvenile is detained and a petition is filed, a hearing must be scheduled within:

Answer    24 hours
 

   48-72 hours
 

   85-120 hours
 

   1 week

When a juvenile is suspected of committing a crime, police have the discretion to:

Answer    release the child and report the contact
 

   interrogate or search the child
 

   turn the child over to their parents under the promise of punishment
 

   both A and B are correct

Most youth tend to pick friends who are like themselves. The term that describes this process is called_________.

Answer    homophily
 

   heliophobia
 

   hobophobily
 

   hormephobia

According to criminologist Ko-lin Chin, Chinese gang activity is dominated by:

Answer    fighting over turf
 

   accumulating money
 

   doing drugs
 

   organizing prostitution rings
 

The Rochester Youth Development Study found that gang members accounted for _____ percent of the serious delinquent acts in the community.

Answer    10
 

   18
 

   nearly 40
 

   more than 85

Some risk factors associated with gang membership include:

Answer    poverty
 

   failure in school
 

   prior violence
 

   increased drug use
 

   all of the above are correct

Latchkey children are those who:

Answer    regularly pick the locks on their neighbor's homes
 

   have been abandoned at home by work-oriented parents
 

   regularly care for themselves without adult supervision after school or on weekends
 

   have highly authoritarian parents
 

In a study of the relationship between religiosity and delinquency, Travis Hirschi and Rodney Stark found that:

Answer    religious adolescents had lower rates of delinquency
 

   religious adolescents had higher rates of delinquency
 

   atheist adolescents had lower rates of delinquency than religious adolescents
 

   there was no relationship between religiosity and delinquency
 

According to Russell Hill and Frank Stafford, one way mothers compensate for being in the paid labor force full-time is by:

Answer    spending more money on their children
 

   cutting down on their own sleep and leisure time
 

   taking time off from work to be with their children
 

   spending more time with their children on weekends
 

According to Bruce Chadwick and Brent Top, the more _____ a person is, the less likely he or she will participate in delinquent or criminal behaviors.

Answer    ethical
 

   educated
 

   financially secure
 

   religious
 

According to the most recent Indicators of School Crime and Safety report, children were ___ times more likely to be murdered away from school than at school.

Answer    5
 

   12
 

   22
 

   50

 

Children are ____ times more likely to be murdered away from school than at school.

Answer 16
 

   35
 

   50
 

   80

 

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in _____, that school officials may legally search students and their lockers without consent.

Answer    Thompson v. Carthage School District
 

   New Jersey v. T.L.O.
 

   Vernonia School District 47J v. Acton
 

   West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette

 

Research has found that schools with zero-tolerance policies are _____ orderly and secure than schools, which use a case-by-case approach.

Answer    significantly more
 

   significantly less
 

   no more
 

   no less

 

Peers offer each other a sense of which of the following?

Answer acceptance
 

   camaraderie
 

   empowerment
 

   all of the above are correct

 

Which one of the following is not a risk factor for very early childhood and delinquency?

Answer    maternal smoking
 

   bullying
 

   parent incarceration
 

   exposure to lead

 

Impoverished neighborhoods often are characterized by which of the following?

Answer    high rates of self-employment
 

   inadequate education systems
 

   strong social support networks
 

   both B and C are correct

 

The most effective prevention programs are aimed at children in:

Answer    the earliest stages of life
 

   preschool and kindergarten
 

   run-down neighborhoods
 

   early Head Start program

 

The numerous early prevention programs conducted since the 1970's have concluded that:Answer

 

 

children are active learners and that they are better equipped to enter kindergarten

 

 

prevention is more effective among females

 

 

all crime prevention programs need to target the lower-class

 

 

early intervention in prenatal care improves child development and decreases risk factors

 

A _____ approach to the drug problem involves using a public health model to reduce the risks and consequences of using illicit drugs.Answer

 

 

D.A.R.E.

 

 

legalization

 

 

harm reduction

 

 

resistance education

 

 

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