bestconsultant only.

profilescbjc5

 

Critical Thinking Steps to Sound Reasoning: Step 2. Defining Positions

 




 

Defining Positions
Expert Position

Steps to Sound Reasoning: Step 2. Defining Positions

Step 2.  Defining Positions

Objectively examine multiple positions, perspectives and beliefs. Include positions held by professionals and experts.

  • How is this issue understood by different people?
  • What are common assumptions and beliefs about the issue?
  • What do professionals and experts suggest? How do you know they are experts?

 

Now it is time to look at different understandings of the issue including who is engaged in the debate or discussion surrounding this issue and what they have to say.

 

  1. Describe the experts who have weighed in on the issue.
  2. Provide the names of other individuals or groups weighing in on the issue.  Briefly describe the communities or organizations they are with.
  3. Now what are the positions of the public and other general perceptions of the issue?
  4. As you take notes to organize your research, remember to include the authors and sources (practice your APA citation style!). In your notes, summarize the positions presented, along with your reflections, thoughts, or questions about these opinions.

 

Again, here are the tools that will support you in critical thinking

 

  1. Critical Thinking Infographic
  2. Critical Thinking Guide

 

And here are some additional resources to help you with your research:

 

 

 

To complete the following discussions, go to this week's Discussion links in the left navigation.

 

The Electoral College wk3 d1

Prepare: Prior to beginning work on this discussion question, read Chapters 5 and 6 in American Government. In addition, read the following articles: “What Are the Arguments Made in Favor – and Against – the Electoral College?,” “GOP Leaders United in Defense of the Electoral College,” and the ProQuest article “Why the Electoral College is Bad for America.” Also, please watch this week’s videos, Episode I - A More Perfect Union and Episode II - It’s a Free Country regarding the U.S. Constitution.

Reflect: As the textbook author asserts, the Framers intentionally designed a process for selecting presidents that would minimize the president’s political power – the Electoral College. They hoped this institution would insulate the chief executive from the public because they feared the power of presidents who might be elected by the people. However, the Electoral College has also spawned a long ongoing debate about whether the Electoral College should be abandoned in favor of new methods, which would ensure that the candidate elected has the most popular votes. The controversy over the Electoral College must be understood in order to better understand how and why U.S. presidents are elected.

Write: In your initial post, summarize how the Electoral College works. Explain some of the main pros and cons in the debate about whether to keep or abolish the current Electoral College process. In addition, evaluate one proposal to change how the system works without formally abolishing it. Would this proposal effectively address some of the cons that you identified earlier in your post? Please explain your response.

Fully respond to all parts of the question and write your response in your own words. Your initial post must be 200 to 250 words. Support your position with APA citations from two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly.

Respond to Peers: By Day 7, respond to at least two of your classmates' initial posts. Your peer responses should be 75to 100 words each. As your reply to your classmates, attempt to take the conversation further by examining their claims or arguments in more depth or responding to the posts that they make to you. Keep the discussion on target and try to analyze things in as much detail as you can. For instance, you might consider comparing your classmates’ proposals for changing the Electoral College against your own proposal.



Week Three Reflection wk3 d2

Prepare: Prior to beginning your reflection this week, read chapters 5, 6, and 7 in American Government. Review the videos, Episode I - A More Perfect Union and Episode II - It’s a Free Country regarding the U.S. Constitution.

Reflect: The executive and judicial branches of the U.S. national government often seem to operate independently and with little conflict. Many laws are signed by the President and then implemented without a word from the judicial branch. However, there are times when executive decisions are challenged by the judicial branch in a process called judicial review. In addition, there are times when a judicial review has direct impact on your life. For example, when the Supreme Court declared the Affordable Care Act constitutional, many people without health care insurance were finally able to purchase health care insurance. Additionally, when the Supreme Court declared sections of the Defense of Marriage Act unconstitutional, some of the constraints that prevented many gay and lesbian couples from marrying were eliminated. Executive Order 13658 on February 20, 2014 also had a direct impact on many business people that contract with the federal government by increasing the minimum wage to $10.10 per hour. Clearly, the actions of the executive and judicial branches often directly affect our lives.

Write: In your initial post, explain how and why the actions of the executive and/or judicial branches have personally affected your life. Fully respond to all parts of the question. Write in your own words. Support your position with APA citations to two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Fully respond to all parts of the prompt and write your response in your own words. Your initial post must be 200 to 250 words. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly.

Respond to Peers: By Day 7, respond to at least two of your classmates' initial posts. Your peer responses should be 75 to 100 words each. As your reply to your classmates, attempt to take the conversation further by examining their claims or arguments in more depth or responding to the posts that they make to you. Keep the discussion on target and try to analyze things in as much detail as you can. For instance, you might consider contrasting the impacts of the executive and/or judicial branches on your life with the impacts of these branches described by your peers on their lives.

 

 

 

Week Three Learning Activity Worksheet

 

Develop a detailed outline of your third main point. (For assistance with your writing skills, refer to the Ashford Writing Center)

 

  1. Branches of Government:

 

    1. Provide a paragraph that briefly describes one strength and one weakness of one branch of our government: Executive, Legislative, or Judiciary. 

 

(Use the space below to complete this section.)

 

 

 

 

 

    1. Provide a paragraph that recommends one option to maintain the strength and one to correct the weakness.

 

(Use the space below to complete this section.)

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Scholarly Support: (For assistance with your research, the Ashford University’s Library provides tutorials and recorded webinars on a variety of topics. To access these helpful resources look for the links located under the [email protected] search box on the library home page. For help with writing, please review the APA Style Aid, and Ashford Writing Center’s Sample Annotated Bibliography for additional help.)

 

    1. Provide two credible sources in APA format to support your main points.

 

(Use the space below to complete this section.)

 

 

 

 

 

    1. Briefly discuss how these sources support your main points.

 

(Use the space below to complete this section.)

 

 

 

 

 

    1. Briefly evaluate your sources for bias, validity, and reliability.

 

(Use the space below to complete this section.)

 

 

To complete the following quiz, go to this week's Quizlink in the left navigation.

 

Week Three Quiz

Complete the quiz on the assigned readings for the week.

What should I do to prepare for this quiz?
Carefully read and critically reflect on this week’s readings before attempting this quiz. Keep in mind that you may use your book as you complete this quiz.

How many chances do I have to take the quiz?
You will have two opportunities to take this quiz. This quiz utilizes a test bank so each attempt may contain different questions. Please note that your last attempt will be the grade recorded in the gradebook.

How can I improve my score between each attempt?

  • Review the quiz feedback available in the gradebook.
  • Review chapters and resources related to quiz topics.

How much time do I have to take this quiz?

Once you open this quiz, it will remain open for 12 hours. However, you must finish it in one sitting, as it will time out after 45 minutes of inactivity. When finished, click on Save Answers and then on Submit for Grade. The amount of time the quiz will take to complete will vary by individual.

Go to top of page

 

To complete the following assignment, go to this week's Learning Activitylink in the left navigation.

 

Branches of Government

The three branches of our government each play crucial roles in the U.S. national government. Each branch has specific power, duties, and responsibilities that are the most apparent features of our system of separate powers. Nevertheless, each branch has been critiqued for having definite strengths and weaknesses that become obvious in certain situations. Analyzing these strengths and weaknesses will enable you to evaluate and recommend ways to enhance and correct these fundamental assets and deficiencies of the branches of our national government.

To complete the assignment, save the Week Three Learning Activity Worksheet to your computer, fill it out, and submit it.

Develop a detailed outline of your third main point using the Week Three Learning Activity Worksheet.

  1. Branches of Government:
    1. Provide a paragraph that briefly describes one strength and one weakness of one branch of our government: executive, legislative, or judiciary.
    2. Provide a paragraph that recommends one option to maintain the strength and one to correct the weakness.
  2. Scholarly Support: (For assistance with your research, the Ashford University’s Library provides tutorials and recorded webinars on a variety of topics. To access these helpful resources look for the links located under the [email protected] search box on the library home page. For help with writing, please review the APA Style Aid, and Ashford Writing Center’s Sample Annotated Bibliography for additional help.)
    1. Provide two credible sources in APA format to support your main points.
    2. Briefly discuss how these sources support your main points.
    3. Briefly evaluate your sources for bias, validity, and reliability.

View the POL201 Research Guide for help on how to find and evaluate sources for assignments in this course.

Carefully review the Grading Rubric for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

 

Go to top of page

 

                 

    • Posted: 4 years ago
    • Due: 
    • Budget: $50
    Answers 1
    • pol 201 week 3
      Answer rating:5Stars out of2ratings

    Purchase the answer to view it

    blurred-text