1. After the defeat of Austria by Prussia in 1866, A. The Magyars became an oppressed minority in Hungary. B. Franz Joseph was forced to establish a dual monarchy. C. Conflicting nationalist interests were finally settled. D. Franz Joseph gave up in trying the "Germanize" the empire

2. The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution A. were proposed by the Federalists. B. forbade the export of slaves from any state. C. were proposed by the Antifederalists. D. forbade the import of slaves by any state

 

 3. For the masses, which of the following statements about the significant consequences of the rise of science is false? A. Faith in science completely displaced the importance of religion in most people's lives. B. Daily life experience and exposure to media impressed people with the importance of science. C. As science progressively influenced popular thought, people came to view natural processes as determined by physical laws, not divine intervention or human will. D. The methods of science gained great prestige and were seen as the only reliable path to verifiable truth.

 

4. Under the Tokugawa shoguns, A. civil war was eliminated by controlling the military. B. samurai power increased as daimyo power decreased. C. kabuki theatre was banned. D. the capital city was moved to Kyoto.

 

5. The German journalist Friedrich List persuaded German states to enter into a customs union. List's efforts expressed the ideology of A. class consciousness. B. economic determinism. C. tariff protectionism. D. economic nationalism.

 

 6. James Watt greatly improved the Newcomen engine by A. adding a separate condenser. B. inventing the puddling process. C. replacing coal with coke. D. advocating coal burning over water power.

 

 7. The German Reichstag did all the following after Bismarck's resignation in 1890, except A. pass laws to aid workers. B. yield central power to Kaiser William II. C. pass laws that legalized socialist political activity. D. establish the world's first social security system.

 

 8. In the context of African and Asian resistance to European colonialism, the nonconformists who became anti-imperialist activists were, above all, motivated by A. the need to adopt Western technology. B. the West's failure to live up to their liberal ideals. C. the quest for economic justice. D. the issue of human dignity.

 

 9. Regarding the Napoleonic Code, which of the following statements is false? A. It assured the political equality of all adult males. B. It was intended as a measure of reassurance for the aristocracy. C. It assured the absolute security of wealth and private property. D. It was intended as a bargain with the French middle class

 

10. Under Muhammad Ali and his grandson Ismail, the economic underpinning of modernization in Egypt was A. exporting cotton. B. controlling the Suez Canal. C. emulating European bureaucracy. D. the production of manufactured goods

 

11. In the eighteenth century, the concept of liberty was, above all, a demand for A. national sovereignty. B. individual human rights. C. universal suffrage. D. economic equality.

 

12. During the great expansion of global trade in the nineteenth century, the conquest of distance was associated with all of the following, except A. railroads. B. the Panama Canal. C. aircraft. D. steamships.

 

13. By far the most brutal African colony was administered by A. Portugal. B. Germany. C. Belgium. D. France.

 

14. The Directory was created A. by the Committee of Public Safety. B. to extend the Reign of Terror. C. in immediate reaction to the execution of Danton. D. following the period of Thermidorian reaction

 

15. The desire for modernization in Russia in the mid-nineteenth century was initially sparked by A. strikes and peasant uprisings. B. defeats administered by Japan. C. the Crimean War. D. the assassination of Alexander II

 

16. Among the factors that brought about European colonialism, which of the following supported concepts of racial superiority?

A. The introduction of the steam engine and the telegraph

B. The machine gun

C. Social Darwinism

D. Economic and trade opportunities

 

17. Regarding South Africa in the nineteenth century, which statement is true?

A. The Dutch, furious about British policies, initiated the Anglo Boer War of 1899–1902.

B. The British failed to abolish slavery in the CapeColony.

C. Cecil Rhodes dominated the De Beers mining company.

D. Shaka of the Zulu strove to co-exist with Dutch settlers.

 

18. In 1789, the National Assembly revoked the privileges of the aristocracy. This occurred in reaction to

A. Louis XVI's withdrawal of troops from Paris.

B. a peasant uprising.

C. discontent among the poor people of Paris.

D. the storming of the Bastille

 

(McKay et al., 2011, p. 662)

 

19. What happened as a result of the Dreyfus affair?

A. Ties were strengthened with the Catholic Church.

B. Only the socialists remained opposed to republican nationalism.

C. The military rallied to Dreyfus's cause.

D. Ccivil libertarians embraced anti-Semitism.

 

20. During the period leading to the revolutions of 1848, the doctrines of socialism were first developed in

A. France.

B. Austria.

C. England.

D. Germany.

 

 

 

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