After wearing seat belts became mandatory, drivers reacted by driving faster and less carefully

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Question 1 
1.
After wearing seat belts became mandatory, drivers reacted by driving faster and less carefully. This is consistent with what Principle of Economics?
Answer 

trade can make everyone better off

the cost of something is what you give up to get it

governments can sometimes improve market outcomes

people respond to incentives


Question 2 
1.
The term 'quantity supplied' means _____
Answer 

the same things as 'supply'.

the amount of a good that customers need.

the amount of a good that consumers ultimately desire.

the amount of a good sellers are willing to sell at a given price.

Question 3 
1.
Economists believe that self-sufficiency (no trade) _____
Answer 

is needed, in order to guarantee national security.

ensures an equitable distribution of resources.

prevents exploitation of the working class, by limiting the power of capitalists.

results in lower levels of output and consumption than would prevail under free trade.

Question 4 
1.
Opportunity cost is _____
Answer 

any lost opportunity.

the value of the next-best opportunity that one foregoes when making a choice.

used to exploit weaker parties to a transaction by stronger parties.

the aggregate value of all foregone opportunities.

Question 5 
1.
Economists argue that rent controls carry long-run unintended consequences such as _____
Answer 

a fairer price for people who can't afford market-determined rents.

improved quality of apartment units.

fewer apartment units as landlords seek substitute uses of their property.

a higher cost to landlords who discriminate through non-price criteria.


Question 6 
1.
Other things constant, a lower price for corn tends to decrease _____
Answer 

the supply of corn.

the quantity supplied of corn.

the demand for corn.

the quantity demanded for corn.

Question 7 
1.
Economists study _____
Answer 

the choices individuals make, but not the consequences of their choices.

the costs of production of goods and services, in order to set fair prices.

the choices that individuals make under conditions of scarcity and uncertainty.

theories and ignore all the facts.

Question 8 
1.
If a consumer pays $12 for a product but he/she is willing to pay up to $20, what is his/her consumer surplus?
Answer 

$20

$32

$0

$8

Question 9 
1.
Price gouging is _____
Answer 

a natural response to a sudden increase in demand.

irrational behavior that violates economic logic.

not subject to economic analysis, because it is illegal.

a precisely defined concept that leaves no room for dispute or disagreement.

Question 10 
1.
The Production Possibilities Frontier Illustrates this Principle of Economics:
Answer 

People Face Trade-Offs

The Cost of Something is What You Give Up to Get It

Both 1 and 2 above are right

Neither 1 nor 2 above are right

Question 11 
1.
A tariff is a _____
Answer 

tax imposed on exports

limitation on the amount of imports allowed into a country.

tax imposed on imports

limitation on the amount of exports sent out of a country

Question 12 
1.
A legal floor set above the market-clearing price for a good would tend to ______
Answer 

protect suppliers from unfair competition and predatory pricing.

lead to a surplus of that good.

lead to a shortage of that good.

all of the above

Question 13 
1.
Price elasticity of demand refers to:
Answer 

How the quantity supplied reacts to changes in the price of a product

How the quantity demanded reacts to changes in consumers' income

How the quantity demanded reacts to changes in the price of a product

How the quantity supplied reacts to increases in the cost of production

Question 14 
1.
All other things being equal, a decrease in supply results in a(n)_____.
Answer 

increase in equilibrium price and a decrease in equilibrium quantity

increase in equilibrium quantity and a decrease in equilibrium price

decrease in equilibrium quantity and a decrease in equilibrium price

decrease in demand

Question 15 
1.
In one hour, a person can fix 4 flat tires or type 200 words. The opportunity cost of fixing ONE flat tire is _____.
Answer 

200 words

4 flat tires

1 word

50 words

 


Question 16 
1.
All other things being equal, an increase in demand results in a(n) _____
Answer 

increase in equilibrium price and a decrease in equilibrium quantity

increase in equilibrium quantity and a decrease in equilibrium price

decrease in equilibrium quantity and a decrease in equilibrium price

increase in equilibrium price and an increase in equilibrium quantity

Question 17 
1.
In a free market, a shortage of a product always leads to:
Answer 

Increases in the price

Decreases in the price

No change in the price

Any of the above

 


Question 18 
1.
A price imposed by the government below an equilibrium price is called a ____
Answer 

price ceiling

price floor

price carpet

price surplus

Question 19 
1.
When doing research, Economists:
Answer 

follow the scientific method: observation, theory, and more observation

cannot use experiments, as they are often done in areas like Physics and Chemistry

have to use whatever data the world happens to give them

all of the above.

Question 20 
1.
Economic models_____.
Answer 

must completely describe every aspect of the economy in order to be useful

are simplified abstract representations of reality

avoid the use of assumptions wherever possible

are ideals that economics agents aspire to achieve

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