ACC 561 Final Exam MCQ Solution (Latest Version100 correct)

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Multiple Choice Question 49

Which of the following is an advantage of corporations relative to partnerships and sole proprietorships?

 

Harder to transfer ownership.

Lower taxes.

Most common form of organization.

Reduced legal liability for investors.

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 64

The group of users of accounting information charged with achieving the goals of the business is its

 

creditors.

investors.

managers.

auditors.

 

Multiple Choice Question 110

Which of the following financial statements is concerned with the company at a point in time?

 

Balance sheet.

Income statement.

Retained Earnings statement.

Statement of cash flows.

 

Multiple Choice Question 112

An income statement

 

presents the revenues and expenses for a specific period of time.

summarizes the changes in retained earnings for a specific period of time.

reports the assets, liabilities, and stockholders equity at a specific date.

reports the changes in assets, liabilities, and stockholders equity over a period of time.

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 118

The most important information needed to determine if companies can pay their current obligations is the

 

projected net income for next year.

net income for this year.

relationship between current assets and current liabilities.

relationship between short-term and long-term liabilities.

 

Multiple Choice Question 124

A liquidity ratio measures the

 

income or operating success of a company over a period of time.

percentage of total financing provided by creditors.

ability of a company to survive over a long period of time.

short-term ability of a company to pay its maturing obligations and to meet unexpected needs for cash.

 

Multiple Choice Question 165

The convention of consistency refers to consistent use of accounting principles

throughout the accounting periods.

within industries.

among accounting periods.

among firms.

Multiple Choice Question 90

Horizontal analysis is also known as

 

vertical analysis.

trend analysis.

common size analysis.

linear analysis

 

Multiple Choice Question 92

Horizontal analysis is a technique for evaluating a series of financial statement data over a period of time

 

that has been arranged from the highest number to the lowest number.

to determine the amount and/or percentage increase or decrease that has taken place.

to determine which items are in error.

that has been arranged from the lowest number to the highest number.

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 111

Vertical analysis is a technique that expresses each item in a financial statement

 

as a percent of the item in the previous year.

in dollars and cents.

as a percent of a base amount.

starting with the highest value down to the lowest value.

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 41

Process costing is used when

 

production is aimed at filling a specific customer order.

costs are to be assigned to specific jobs.

the production process is continuous.

dissimilar products are involved.

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 43

An important feature of a job order cost system is that each job

 

has its own distinguishing characteristics.

must be similar to previous jobs completed.

consists of one unit of output.

must be completed before a new job is accepted.

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 49

In a process cost system, product costs are summarized:

 

after each unit is produced.

on production cost reports.

when the products are sold.

on job cost sheets.

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 33

An activity that has a direct cause-effect relationship with the resources consumed is a(n)

cost pool.

cost driver.

overhead rate.

product activity.

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 40

Activity-based costing

 

accumulates overhead in one cost pool, then assigns the overhead to products and services by means of a cost driver.

allocates overhead directly to products and services based on activity levels.

assigns activity cost pools to products and services, then allocates overhead back to the activity cost pools.

allocates overhead to multiple activity cost pools, and it then assigns the activity cost pools to products and services by means of cost drivers.

 

Multiple Choice Question 40

A cost which remains constant per unit at various levels of activity is a

 

mixed cost.

variable cost.

fixed cost.

manufacturing cost.

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 105

The break-even point is where

 

total variable costs equal total fixed costs.

total sales equal total variable costs.

contribution margin equals total fixed costs.

total sales equal total fixed costs.

 

Multiple Choice Question 109

Fixed costs are $600,000 and the contribution margin per unit is $150. What is the break-even point?

 

4,000 units

$1,500,000

$4,000,000

1,500 units

 

Multiple Choice Question 94

When a company assigns the costs of direct materials, direct labor, and both variable and fixed manufacturing overhead to products, that company is using

 

product costing.

operations costing.

absorption costing.

variable costing.

 

Multiple Choice Question 122

If a division manager's compensation is based upon the division's net income, the manager may decide to meet the net income targets by increasing production when using

 

absorption costing, in order to increase net income.

variable costing, in order to decrease net income.

absorption costing, in order to decrease net income.

variable costing, in order to increase net income.

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 50

An unrealistic budget is more likely to result when it

 

has been developed by all levels of management.

is developed with performance appraisal usages in mind.

has been developed in a top down fashion.

has been developed in a bottom up fashion.

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 39

A major element in budgetary control is

 

the comparison of actual results with planned objectives.

the valuation of inventories.

approval of the budget by the stockholders.

the preparation of long-term plans.

 

Multiple Choice Question 43

The purpose of the sales budget report is to

 

control sales commissions.

control selling expenses.

determine whether sales goals are being met.

determine whether income objectives are being met.

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 89

The accumulation of accounting data on the basis of the individual manager who has the authority to make day-to-day decisions about activities in an area is called

static reporting.

master budgeting.

flexible accounting.

responsibility accounting

 

Multiple Choice Question 142

Variance reports are

 

(a) external financial reports.

(b) SEC financial reports.

(c) internal reports for management.

(d) all of these.

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 40

Internal reports that review the actual impact of decisions are prepared by

 

factory workers.

the controller.

management accountants.

department heads.

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 42

The process of evaluating financial data that change under alternative courses of action is called

 

cost-benefit analysis.

double entry analysis.

contribution margin analysis.

incremental analysis.

 

 

Multiple Choice Question 54

Seasons Manufacturing manufactures a product with a unit variable cost of $100 and a unit sales price of $176. Fixed manufacturing costs were $480,000 when 10,000 units were produced and sold. The company has a one-time opportunity to sell an additional 1,000 units at $140 each in a foreign market which would not affect its present sales. If the company has sufficient capacity to produce the additional units, acceptance of the special order would affect net income as follows:

 

Income would decrease by $8,000.

Income would increase by $8,000.

Income would increase by $140,000.

Income would increase by $40,000.

 

Multiple Choice Question 70

Carter, Inc. can make 100 units of a necessary component part with the following costs:

Direct Materials $120,000

Direct Labor 20,000

Variable Overhead 60,000

Fixed Overhead 40,000

 

 

If Carter can purchase the component externally for $220,000 and only $10,000 of the fixed costs can be avoided, what is the correct make-or-buy decision?

 

Buy and save $10,000

Make and save $30,000

Make and save $10,000

Buy and save $30,000

 

Multiple Choice Question 84

A company has a process that results in 15,000 pounds of Product A that can be sold for $16 per pound. An alternative would be to process Product A further at a cost of $200,000 and then sell it for $28 per pound. Should management sell Product A now or should Product A be processed further and then sold? What is the effect of the action?

 

Sell now, the company will be better off by $200,000.

Process further, the company will be better off by $180,000.

Sell now, the company will be better off by $20,000.

Process further, the company will be better off by $20,000.

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