AC302 Final Exam Solution - Kaplan Univ


Grade for Heather Fehlman: Unit 10 Final Exam
   

 

  
1. Question: When common stock is issued at an amount greater than par value, the difference between the par value and the proceeds from the sale is recorded by
  Your Answer:            crediting the common stock account    
           debiting an additional paid-in capital account    
           crediting the retained earnings account    
           crediting an additional paid-in capital account  


  Points  4 of 4
   
2. Question: On January 1, 2010, Marvel, Inc., grants a compensatory stock option plan to 10 of its executives. The plan allows each executive to buy 1,000 shares of its $1 par common stock at $30 a share after a three-year service period. The value of each option is estimated to be $8. The company estimates it will have an annual 2% employee turnover rate during the service period. What is the compensation expense for the year ended December 31, 2011?
  Your Answer:            $0    
           $25,098  
           $50,197    
           $75,295    


  Points  4 of 4
   
3. Question: Battleground, Inc. had never had a treasury stock transaction prior to 2010. It experienced the following treasury stock transactions during 2010:
4/1/2010: Reacquired 1,000 shares of its own $5 par common stock, originally sold at $12 a share, for $10 a share. This was the first time that Battleground had reacquired its own stock.
4/8/2010: Reissued 400 shares at $8 a share.
5/2/2010: Reissued 500 shares at $13 a share.
5/10/2010: Retired the remaining 100 shares.
Assuming the cost method is used, the entry to record the reissuance of 400 shares on 4/8/2010 would include a
  Your Answer:            credit to Treasury Stock for $3,200    
           debit to Additional Paid-in Capital from Treasury Stock for $800    
           debit to Retained Earnings for $800    
           credit to Additional Paid-in Capital on Common Stock for $800    


  Points  0 of 4
   
4. Question: When calculating earnings per share, dividends declared on noncumulative preferred stock, but not paid, should be
  Your Answer:            added to net income in the earnings per share numerator    
           excluded from the earnings per share numerator    
           deducted from net income in the earnings per share numerator  
           deferred from the earnings per share numerator until paid    


  Points  4 of 4
   
5. Question: Which of the following items would not be included in a basic earnings per share calculation?
  Your Answer:            undeclared dividends on noncumulative preferred stock  
           declared dividends on noncumulative preferred stock    
           undeclared dividends on cumulative preferred stock    
           declared dividends on cumulative preferred stock    


  Points  4 of 4
   
6. Question: On January 1, a corporation had 10,380 shares of common stock outstanding. On August 1, it sold an additional 6,000 shares. During the year, dividends of $4,800 and $56,000 were declared and paid on the common and preferred stock, respectively. Net income for the year was $240,000. The basic earnings per share for the year was
  Your Answer:            $10.56    
           $11.23    
           $14.29  
           $18.63    


  Points  4 of 4
   
7. Question: Smock Corporation had 30,000 shares of common stock outstanding during the year. In addition, there were compensatory stock options to purchase 3,000 shares of common stock at $20 a share outstanding the entire year. The average market price for the common stock during the year was $36 a share. The unrecognized compensation cost (net of tax) relating to these options was $4 a share. The denominator to compute the diluted earnings per share is
  Your Answer:            31,000    
           31,333    
           31,667    
           33,000    


  Points  0 of 4
   
8. Question: When a company is determining its dividend policy, the company must adhere to legal requirements. The legal requirements are determined by the
  Your Answer:            Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)    
           state in which the company was incorporated    
           Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)  
           Federal Trade Commission (FTC)    


  Points  0 of 4
   
9. Question: Under the treasury stock method, the number of shares of common stock assumed to be reacquired is determined by using the
  Your Answer:            ending market price of the stock    
           average market price of the stock  
           beginning market price of the stock    
           par value of the stock    


  Points  4 of 4
   
10. Question: On October 1, 2010, Black Company declared a property dividend payable in the form of marketable equity securities classified as "available for sale" for financial accounting purposes. The marketable equity securities will be distributed to the common stockholders on December 1, 2010. The investment in equity securities originally cost Black $410,000 on August 1, 2010. The investment's fair value on various dates is as follows:
 
October 1, 2010              $430,000
December 1, 2010            435,000
December  31, 2010         440,000
 
The amount credited to Realized Gain on Disposal of Investments resulting from this dividend transaction should be
  Your Answer:            $0    
           $20,000  
           $25,000    
           $30,000    


  Points  4 of 4
   
11. Question: Accrual accounting is usually associated with
  Your Answer:            revenue recognition in the period of sale  
           revenue recognition prior to the period of sale    
           revenue recognition after the period of sale    
           revenue recognition delayed until a future event occurs    


  Points  4 of 4
   
12. Question: Under the completed-contract method of revenue recognition, the partial billings account is closed out against the
  Your Answer:            construction in progress account    
           construction revenue account  
           income summary account    
           construction expense account    


  Points  4 of 4
   
13. Question: In 2010, Alpha Construction began work on a contract with a price of $850,000 and estimated costs of $595,000. Data for each year of the contract are as follows:

 
  2010 2011 2012
Costs incurred during the year $238,000 $319,600 $105,000
Estimated costs to complete 357,000 139,400 -0-
Partial billings 260,000 210,000 380,000
Collections 240,000 200,000 410,000

Under the percentage-of-completion method of revenue recognition, the balance in Construction in Progress at the end of 2011 would be
  Your Answer:            $557,600    
           $659,600    
           $680,000    
           $782,000    


  Points  0 of 4
   
14. Question: In 2010, Alpha Construction began work on a contract with a price of $850,000 and estimated costs of $595,000. Data for each year of the contract are as follows:
  2010 2011 2012
Costs incurred during the year $238,000 $319,600 $105,000
Estimated costs to complete 357,000 139,400 -0-
Partial billings 260,000 210,000 380,000
Collections 240,000 200,000 410,000
 
Under the percentage-of-completion method of revenue recognition, the net amount reported for construction in progress inventory at the end of 2011 would be
  Your Answer:            $87,600    
           $189,600    
           $210,000  
           $312,000    


  Points  4 of 4
   
15. Question: The percentage-of-completion method does not
  Your Answer:            recognize profit each period during the life of the contract in proportion to the portion of the contract completed during the period    
           value the inventory at cost less any partial billings  
           give precedence to economic substance over legal form    
           value the inventory at the costs incurred plus the profit recognized to date less any partial billings    


  Points  4 of 4
   
16. Question: The Naples Company uses the percentage-of-completion method and the cost-to-cost method for its long-term construction contracts. On one such contract, Naples expects total revenues of $260,000 and total costs of $200,000. During the first year, Naples incurred costs of $50,000 and billed the customer $30,000 under the contract. At what net amount should Naples’ Construction in Progress for this contract be reported at the end of the first year?
  Your Answer:            $30,000    
           $35,000    
           $50,000    
           $65,000    


  Points  0 of 4
   
17. Question: A company may recognize revenue in full at the time of a sale if
  Your Answer:            the probability of collection is not reasonably assured    
           there is a very high degree of uncertainty about the collectibility of the sales price    
           the collection of the sales price is improbable    
           the collectibility of the sales price is not an issue  


  Points  4 of 4
   
18. Question: Which one of the following statements is not true?
  Your Answer:            The use of the installment method of recognizing revenue is generally unacceptable.    
           When the installment method of recognizing revenue is in use, operating expenses are not deferred and recognized in the future.    
           Deferred gross profit should be disclosed as a current liability on the balance sheet.    
           A company may use the installment method of revenue recognition for a sales transaction that is not an installment sale.    


  Points  0 of 4
   
19. Question: On December 31, 2009, Fort Stockton, Inc. had no temporary differences that created deferred income taxes. On January 2, 2010, a new machine was purchased for $30,000. Straight-line depreciation over a four-year life (no residual value) was used for financial accounting. Depreciation expense for tax purposes was $11,000 in 2010, $9,000 in 2011, $6,000 in 2012, and $4,000 in 2013. In each year, the income tax rate was 20% and Fort Stockton had no other items that created differences between pretax financial income and taxable income. Fort Stockton reported the following pretax financial income for 2010 through 2013:
2010       $50,000
2011       40,000
2012       30,000
2013       60,000
The entry to record income taxes on December 31, 2011, would include a
  Your Answer:            debit to Deferred Tax Liability for $300    
           credit to Income Taxes Payable for $8,000    
           debit to Income Tax Expense for $7,700    
           credit to Deferred Tax Liability for $300  


  Points  4 of 4
   
20. Question: Which of the following transactions would typically result in the creation of a deferred tax liability?
  Your Answer:            Rents received in advance are taxable when received but are not recognized in pretax financial income until earned.    
           Gross profit on installment sales is recognized currently in pretax financial income but is not taxable for income tax purposes until cash is received.    
           Losses recognized in pretax accounting income from an investment in a subsidiary are accounted for by the equity method but not deductible for income tax purposes until the investment is sold.    
           A contingent liability is recognized as an expense currently in pretax financial income but not deductible for income tax purposes until paid.    


  Points  0 of 4
   
21. Question: The Clear Lake Corporation reported the following differences between its taxable income and pretax financial income for the year ended December 31, 2010: $30,000 of additional depreciation for tax purposes, $40,000 of rent collected in advance (taxable when received), and $38,000 of tax-exempt municipal interest revenue. Assuming an income tax rate of 30% for all years and a taxable income of $190,000 for the year ended December 31, 2010, income tax expense for 2010 would be
  Your Answer:            $54,000    
           $65,400    
           $71,400    
           $78,400    


  Points  0 of 4
   
22. Question: Which of the following statements regarding current and deferred income taxes is not correct?
  Your Answer:            The amount of income tax expense must be allocated to various components of comprehensive income.    
           The income tax obligation is determined by applying the historical tax rates to the taxable income for the year.    
           The valuation allowance account is subtracted from the deferred tax asset account on the balance sheet.    
           Rent received in advance that will be earned within the next 12 months results in the creation of a current deferred tax asset.    


  Points  0 of 4
   
23. Question: All of the following involve a temporary difference for purposes of income tax allocation except
  Your Answer:            interest on municipal bonds  
           gross profit on installment sales for tax purposes    
           MACRS depreciation for tax purposes and straight-line for accounting purposes    
           product warranty expenses    


  Points  4 of 4
   
24. Question: Boerne Company received rent in advance of $9,000 on December 31, 2010, which was taxable when received for income tax purposes. The company's effective tax rate was 30%, and this was the only temporary difference. Which of the following should be reported on the December 31, 2010 balance sheet?
  Your Answer:            $9,000 as a current deferred tax liability    
           $2,700 as a current deferred tax liability    
           $2,700 as a current deferred tax asset    
           $9,000 as a current deferred tax asset    


  Points  0 of 4
   
25. Question: As of December 31, 2010, the Austin Company reported a deferred tax asset of $60,000 related to accrued, unpaid warranty costs. However, since profits have been declining, Austin decides that it is more likely than not that $24,000 of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. The entry to record the valuation allowance would include a
  Your Answer:            debit to Income Tax Expense for $60,000    
           credit to Income Tax Expense for $24,000    
           debit to Allowance to Reduce Deferred Tax Asset to Realizable Value for $24,000  
           credit to Allowance to Reduce Deferred Tax Asset to Realizable Value for $24,000
 
 
                   


  Points  0 of 4
   
26. Question: Which one of the following statements regarding operating losses is not true?
  Your Answer:            The tax benefit of an operating loss carryback is recognized in the period of loss as a current receivable on the balance sheet.    
           Temporary differences and operating loss carryforwards are accounted for similarly.    
           The journal entry to recognize an operating loss carryback would include a credit to Income Tax Benefit from Operating Loss Carryback.    
           The tax benefit of an operating loss carryforward is to be recognized in the period of loss as a current receivable.  


  Points  4 of 4
   
27. Question: At the end of its first year of operations on December 31, 2010, the Belton Company reported taxable income of $100,000 and had a pretax financial loss of $60,000. Differences between taxable income and pretax financial income included interest revenue received from municipal obligations of $20,000 and warranty expense accruals of $180,000. Warranty expenses of $90,000 are expected to be paid in 2011 and $110,000 in 2012. The enacted income tax rates for 2010, 2011, and 2012 are 30%, 35%, and 40%, respectively. The journal entry to record income tax expense on December 31, 2010, would be
  Your Answer:            Deferred Tax Asset 75,500
Income Taxes Payable 30,000
Income Tax Benefits from
Operating Loss Carryforward 
45,500
  
           Deferred Tax Asset 30,000
Income Taxes Payable 30,000
    
           Income Tax Expense 30,000
Income Taxes Payable 30,000
    
           Deferred Tax Asset
Income Taxes Payable 105,500
30,000
Income Tax Benefit from 
Operating Loss Carryforward  75,500
    


  Points  4 of 4
   
28. Question: Intraperiod tax allocation would be appropriate for
  Your Answer:            an extraordinary gain    
           a loss from operations of a discontinued segment    
           the cumulative effects of changes in accounting principles    
           all of these  


  Points  4 of 4
   
29. Question: Income taxes for financial accounting purposes are apportioned to each of the following items except
  Your Answer:            extraordinary gains and losses    
           discontinued operations  
           other revenues and expenses    
           prior period adjustments    


  Points  0 of 4
   
30. Question: Disclosures for vested benefits
  Your Answer:            are not required    
           are related to the projected benefit obligation    
           are related to the accumulated benefit obligation    
           are related to the plan assets    


  Points  0 of 4
   
31. Question: Which of the following is not a component of the net periodic pension expense to be reported on a company's income statement?
  Your Answer:            interest cost    
           unrecognized past service cost  
           service cost    
           expected return on plan assets    


  Points  4 of 4
   
32. Question: If a lease qualifies as a capital lease, which of the following combinations of payments would be included?
  Your Answer:            minimum periodic rental payments plus executory costs    
           minimum periodic rental payments plus the payment required for a bargain purchase option  
           minimum periodic rental payments minus any payment required for a guarantee of the residual value    
           minimum periodic rental payments minus any payments required for failure to renew or extend the lease    


  Points  4 of 4
   
33. Question: Which of the following facts would require a lessee to classify a lease as a capital lease?
  Your Answer:            The lease term is 85% of the estimated economic life of the leased property.  
           The present value of the minimum lease payments is 85% of the fair market value of the leased property to the lessor, less any investment tax credit accruing to the lessor.    
           The lease contains a purchase option.    
           The lease does not transfer ownership of the leased property.    


  Points  4 of 4
   
34. Question: On January 1, 2010, Victor Company signed a lease agreement requiring six annual payments of $60,000, beginning December 31, 2010. The lease qualifies as a capital lease. Victor's incremental borrowing rate was 9% and the lessor's implicit rate, known by Victor, was 10%. The present value factors of an ordinary annuity of $1 for six periods for interest rates of 9% and 10% are 4.485919 and 4.355261, respectively. The interest expense for 2010 would be (round answers to the nearest dollar)
  Your Answer:            $21,003    
           $22,746    
           $24,225    
           $26,133    


  Points  (not graded)
   
35. Question: For a sales-type lease, cost of goods sold is valued by the lessor at
  Your Answer:            the recorded cost assigned to the inventory less the present value of the guaranteed residual value of the leased property accruing to the benefit of the lessor    
           the recorded cost assigned to the inventory less the undiscounted value of the unguaranteed residual value of the leased property accruing to the benefit of the lessor    
           the recorded cost assigned to the inventory less the present value of the unguaranteed residual value of the leased property accruing to the benefit of the lessor    
           the recorded cost assigned to the inventory less the undiscounted value of the guaranteed residual value of the leased property accruing to the benefit of the lessor    


  Points  0 of 4
   
36. Question: In a statement of cash flows, the payment of a cash dividend on common stock outstanding should be classified as cash outflows for
  Your Answer:            operating activities    
           investing activities    
           lending activities    
           financing activities  


  Points  4 of 4
   
37. Question: The Robinson Company reported net income of $90,000 in 2010.
Additional information follows:
 
Depreciation expense   $18,000
Loss on sale of equipment     10,000
Gain on sale of land        17,000
 
Given just this information, what was the Robinson Company's net cash provided by operating activities in 2010?
  Your Answer:            $79,000    
           $100,000    
           $101,000  
           $115,000    


  Points  4 of 4
   
38. Question: Which of the following events would not result in a cash inflow?
  Your Answer:            sale of preferred stock    
           common stock issued as a stock dividend    
           reissuance of treasury stock    
           loss of building destroyed by fire but partially reimbursed by insurance    


  Points  0 of 4
   
39. Question: Which statement is not true?
  Your Answer:            Salaries expense + Decrease in salaries payable = Cash payments to employees    
           Other revenues + Increase in unearned revenues - Gains on disposal of assets - Equity investment income = Other operating cash receipts    
           Sales revenue - Increase in accounts receivable = Cash collections from customers    
           Other expenses + Decrease in prepaid expenses - Depreciation expense + Losses on disposal of assets - Equity investment loss = Other operating cash payments    


  Points  0 of 4
   
40. Question: Which of the following items would be deducted from net income to determine net cash provided by operating activities using the indirect method?
  Your Answer:            loss on sale of plant assets and amortization of bond payable discount    
           amortization of bond payable premium and gain on sale of equipment  
           amortization expense and gain on sale of equipment    
           decrease in income taxes payable and amortization of goodwill    


  Points  4 of 4
   
41. Question: Bertrand, Inc. prepares a statement of cash flows. In 2010, Bertrand had net income of $45,000. In addition, the following information is available:
 
Gain on sale of land $16,000
Decrease in inventories 10,000
Amortization of patents 4,000
Increase in prepaid expenses 3,000

What net cash provided by operating activities should Bertrand report in 2010?
  Your Answer:            $46,000    
           $72,000    
           $40,000  
           $50,000    


  Points  4 of 4
   
42. Question: When preparing a statement of cash flows under the indirect method, an increase in ending accounts receivable over beginning accounts receivable will result in an adjustment to net income in the operating activities section because
  Your Answer:            cash was increased since accounts receivable is a current asset    
           the accounts receivable increase was a revenue included in net income, but it was not a source of cash    
           the net increase in accounts receivable decreases net sales and represents an assumed use of cash    
           all changes in noncash accounts must be disclosed on the cash flow statement    


  Points  0 of 4
   
43. Question: The accounting changes identified by current GAAP include all of the following except
  Your Answer:            correction of an error  
           change in accounting principle    
           change in accounting estimate    
           change in reporting entity    


  Points  4 of 4
   
44. Question: A change in accounting principle from one that is not generally accepted to one that is generally accepted should be treated as
  Your Answer:            an error and corrected by prior period adjustment    
           a change in accounting principle and the cumulative effect included in net income    
           a change in accounting principle and prior period financial statements are restated    
           a change in accounting principle and adjustments made prospectively    


  Points  0 of 4
   
45. Question: Disclosure of a retrospective adjustment should include
  Your Answer:            why the new principle is preferable    
           the net impact on assets of the retrospective adjustment    
           the retrospective computation of earnings per share only for the current period    
           ending balance in Retained Earnings before and after the retrospective adjustment    


  Points  0 of 4
   
46. Question: Which of the following statements does not properly state a basic principle for reporting an accounting change?
  Your Answer:            retrospectively apply a change in accounting principle    
           prospectively account for a change in accounting estimate    
           retrospectively adjust for a change in reporting entity    
           retrospectively apply a change in accounting estimate  


  Points  4 of 4
   
47. Question: An item that would not be accounted for under current GAAP as a change in estimate would be
  Your Answer:            an increase in the expected life of a piece of manufacturing equipment    
           a decrease in the estimated residual value of a delivery van    
           a change from FIFO to LIFO for a small subsidiary    
           an increase in defective items for the best selling video game    


  Points  0 of 4
   
48. Question: A company changes from capitalizing and amortizing preproduction costs to recording them as an expense when incurred, because future benefits associated with those costs have become doubtful. This accounting change should be recognized as a
  Your Answer:            change in accounting estimate  
           change in accounting principle    
           change in reporting entity    
           correction of an error    


  Points  4 of 4
   
49. Question: Which of the following statements is not an example of a correction of an error in previously issued financial statements?
  Your Answer:            adopting the allowance method for bad debts when the direct write-off method had been used because direct write-off was used for tax purposes    
           recording depreciation on plant assets that were not depreciated last year because of a computer problem    
           adopting straight-line depreciation for newly acquired assets and continuing to use the double-declining-balance method for existing assets    
           correcting the ending inventory amount from last year because inventory in transit was missed    


  Points  0 of 4
   
50. Question: During a year-end evaluation of the financial records of the Gretchen Company for the year ended December 31, 2010, the following was discovered:
 
•           Inventory on January 1, 2010, was understated by $6,000.
•           Inventory on December 31, 2010, was understated by $18,000.
•           Rent of $20,000 collected in advance on December 29, 2010, was included in income for 2010.
•           A probable, reasonably estimated contingent liability of $30,000 was not recorded as of December 31, 2010.
           
Net income for 2010 (before any of the above items) was $100,000. The corrected net income, ignoring income taxes, for 2010 should be
  Your Answer:            $50,000    
           $58,000    
           $62,000  
           $68,000    

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